Quesenberry P.J.,Rhode Island Hospital Rhode Island |
Goldberg L.R.,Rhode Island Hospital Rhode Island |
Dooner M.S.,Rhode Island Hospital Rhode Island
Stem Cells | Year: 2015
The field of hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) biology has become increasingly dominated by the pursuit and study of highly purified populations of HSCs. Such HSCs are typically isolated based on their cell surface marker expression patterns and ultimately defined by their multipotency and capacity for self-generation. However, even with progressively more stringent stem cell separation techniques, the resultant HSC population remains heterogeneous with respect to both self-renewal and differentiation capacity. Critical studies on unseparated whole bone marrow have definitively shown that long-term engraftable HSCs are in active cell cycle and thus continually changing phenotype. Therefore, they cannot be purified by current approaches dependent on stable surface epitope expression because the surface markers are continually changing as well. These critical cycling cells are discarded with current stem cell purifications. Despite this, research defining such characteristics as self-renewal capacity, lineage-commitment, bone marrow niches, and proliferative state of HSCs continues to focus predominantly on this small subpopulation of purified marrow cells. This review discusses the research leading to the hierarchical model of hematopoiesis and questions the dogmas pertaining to HSC quiescence and purification. Stem Cells 2015;33:15-20 © 2014 AlphaMed Press.