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Providence, RI, United States

This article is about the current institution that has used this name since 1960. For the institution that used this name from 1764 until 1804, see Brown University.Rhode Island College is a nationally ranked, coeducational, state-supported comprehensive college founded in 1854, located in Providence, Rhode Island, USA. Rhode Island College is the oldest of the three public institutions of higher education that operate under the aegis of the Board of Governors for Higher Education; the two other institutions are the University of Rhode Island and the Community College of Rhode Island. Wikipedia.

Urda J.,Rhode Island College
Journal of Operations Management | Year: 2013

Behavior is driven not only by individual "(economically) rational" deliberation, but also by shortcuts (decision biases) and by social preferences (the achievement of status, reciprocal relationships, and group identity). An important aspect of these behavioral drivers is that they may operate (at least in part) through emotions. Emotions influence behavior in ways that are relevant to performance in processes; for example, anger prompts employees to refuse cooperation, fear inhibits workers' willingness to take initiatives (for example, in continuous improvement), and shame motivates them to change behavior. This study provides experimental evidence that the social preferences systematically trigger emotions. This happens not "linearly" (more achievement of a social preference might be expected to cause more positive emotions), but rather in more complex patterns that regulate social relationships. Arbitrary (but earned) status signals trigger pride, while status achievement from being lucky does not. An externally (not by an own fault) caused status loss triggers anger and disgust. Not receiving cooperation by another person triggers anger, but more so if the cooperation failure violates a reciprocity expectation; the happiness form receiving cooperation by another person is attenuated by guilt and sadness is the subject itself has previously refused cooperation to the other person. Events happening to salient in-group members trigger emotions as if they happened to subjects directly, including if the in-group member behaves in an embarrassing way. These results are relevant for front-line managers because they help predicting and interpreting emotional reactions of employees: awarding or withholding status, offering or demanding reciprocity, and the creation of in-groups have emotional effects that depend on the context in predictable ways. Our results also contribute to theory by connecting literatures on emotions, decision making, and behavioral operations. © 2013 Published by Elsevier B.V. Source

Hatzenbuehler M.L.,Columbia University | Pachankis J.E.,Yeshiva University | Wolff J.,Rhode Island College
American Journal of Public Health | Year: 2012

Objectives. We examined whether the health risk behaviors of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youths are determined in part by the religious composition of the communities in which they live. Methods. Data were collected from 31 852 high school students, including 1413 LGB students, who participated in the Oregon Healthy Teens survey in 2006 through 2008. Supportive religious climate was operationalized according to the proportion of individuals (of the total number of religious adherents) who adhere to a religion supporting homosexuality. Comprehensive data on religious climate were derived from 85 denominational groups in 34 Oregon counties. Results. Among LGB youths, living in a county with a religious climate that was supportive of homosexuality was associated with significantly fewer alcohol abuse symptoms (odds ratio [OR] = 0.58; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.40, 0.85) and fewer sexual partners (OR = 0.77; 95% CI = 0.60, 0.99). The effect of religious climate on health behaviors was stronger among LGB than heterosexual youths. Results remained robust after adjustment for multiple confounding factors. Conclusions. The religious climate surrounding LGB youths may serve as a determinant of their health risk behaviors. Source

Snowman D.P.,Rhode Island College
Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications | Year: 2011

Renormalization-group methods are used with a hierarchical lattice to model a BlumeCapel spin glass with annealed vacancies and competing crystal-field interactions. The strength of competing cross-link interactions is progressively increased as the effects, upon the phase diagrams, are investigated. A series of phase diagrams have been produced, sinks interpreted, and critical exponents calculated for higher order transitions. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

Reamer F.G.,Rhode Island College
Clinical Social Work Journal | Year: 2015

Clinical social workers’ use of digital and other technology to provide distance counseling services is proliferating. Increasing numbers of contemporary practitioners are using video counseling, email chat, social networking websites, text messaging, smartphone apps, avatar-based websites, self-guided web-based interventions, and other technology to provide clinical services to clients, some of whom they may never meet in person. The advent of this technology has produced a wide range of ethical challenges related to social workers’ application of traditional social work ethics concepts: client informed consent; client privacy and confidentiality; boundaries and dual relationships; conflicts of interest; practitioner competence; records and documentation; and collegial relationships. The principal purpose of this article is to identify pertinent ethical and ethically-related risk-management issues that clinical social workers need to consider if they contemplate using this technology to assist people in need. The author addresses compelling ethical issues concerning (1) social workers’ use of digital technology to communicate with clients in relatively new ways, and (2) whether social workers’ use of digital technology alters the fundamental nature of the therapeutic relationship and clinicians’ ability to provide clients with a truly therapeutic environment. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source

Tectonic and volcanic processes that drive hydrothermal fluid flow and influence its chemistry also regulate the transfer of energy to hydrothermal vent ecosystems. Chemoautotrophic bacteria use the chemical energy generated by mixing the reduced chemicals in hydrothermal fluids with deep-ocean ambient seawater to fix inorganic carbon and produce biomass. These and other microbes, or their products, are then consumed by other organisms, which are subsequently consumed by other organisms. The connections between nutritional sources and consumers form a complex food web that links the lithosphere to the biosphere at hydrothermal vents. This article traces the path of energy transfer from geochemical to biological processes in hydrothermal vent food webs and explores the implications of changes in hydrothermal fluid flux on food web structure. One of the goals of studying food webs at hydrothermal vents is to develop better predictions of community resilience to disturbance and the relationships between community structure and ecosystem function, including productivity and nutrient cycling. In addition, improved understanding of energy transfer through hydrothermal vent food webs is critical for constructing models of chemical fluxes from chemosynthetic-based ecosystems to the open ocean. © 2012 by The Oceanography Society. Source

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