Habib G.S.,Rheumatology Clinic
Journal of clinical rheumatology : practical reports on rheumatic & musculoskeletal diseases | Year: 2011
The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of intra-articular (IA) triamcinolone hexacetonide (TAH) and triamcinolone acetonide (TA) on blood glucose levels in patients with controlled diabetes with symptomatic osteoarthritis of the knee (OAK). Patients with controlled diabetes with symptomatic OAK who failed nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication and physical therapy and use modern versions of self-monitoring blood glucose devices were offered an IA injection of either 20 mg of TAH or 40 mg of TA. If agreed, patients were asked to document blood glucose levels before and 2 hr after meals for 1 week before and daily for 5 days then every other day for 1 week following the injection. The type of IA preparation was given on an alternating pattern. A sex- and aged-matched group of patients with controlled diabetes with symptomatic OAK of the knee was offered an IA hyaluronic acid (HA) injection. Significantly increased blood glucose level following the IA injection was defined as higher by at least 2 SDs than the mean comparable level before the injection. Thirty patients completed the study: 12 patients in the TAH, 12 patients in the TA group, and 6 in the HA group. All the patients who received triamcinolone preparations had significantly increased blood glucose levels with median initial levels of 227.5 and 201 mg% seen at a median of 8.5 and 13 hr following the IA injection and median peak levels of 288 and 239.5 mg% seen after a median of 24.5 and 32.5 hr following the IA injection of TA and TAH, respectively. Levels returned to normal after ∼2.5 to ∼4 days. There was no significant increase in the HA group except in 1 measurement only with marginal level in 2 patients. Intra-articular injection of either TAH or TA is associated with significantly increased blood glucose levels in patients with controlled diabetes with OAK. This increase is quite solely due to the injected steroids.
Kundu B.K.,Rheumatology Clinic |
Naik A.K.,PGIMER |
Bhargava S.,PGIMER |
Clinical Rheumatology | Year: 2013
SAPHO, an acronym for synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis and osteitis, is a heterogeneous entity with myriad presentations and features overlapping with other entities. It is a differential in patients presenting with skin and bone symptoms, either singly or in combination. Often misdiagnosed radiologically as a malignancy or infection, the diagnosis is seldom thought of. We present three cases referred to us for evaluation of findings unrelated to the presenting symptoms. After evaluation, a 99Tc bone scan was ordered, which showed the 'bull's head sign' in all the three cases, confirming the diagnosis. We review the literature for SAPHO. It has a few features which point to its diagnosis and can help us to distinguish it from other seronegative arthritis. The clinician should be aware of this entity and should not hesitate to order a 99Tc bone scan. We conclude that SAPHO is not rare, but rather, it is underdiagnosed. High index of suspicion is necessary for diagnosis. A 99Tc bone scan is diagnostic and should be ordered in patients having any of the presenting features of the syndrome. We put forward the suggestion of using 99Tc bone scintigraphy to define a 'pre-MRI' stage of ankylosing spondylitis. © 2013 Clinical Rheumatology.
Ferri C.,University of Modena and Reggio Emilia |
Cacoub P.,University Pierre and Marie Curie |
Mazzaro C.,Pordenone General Hospital |
Roccatello D.,Ospedale Giovanni Bosco |
And 5 more authors.
Autoimmunity Reviews | Year: 2011
Objective: Mixed cryoglobulinemia syndrome (MCs) is a systemic vasculitis characterized by multiple organ involvement due to the vascular deposition of immune-complexes, mainly the cryoglobulins. B-lymphocyte expansion represents the underlying pathological alteration frequently triggered by hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. The treatment of MCs syndrome is generally based on antiviral drugs and/or immunosuppressors, among which rituximab, an anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody, has been usefully employed for both cutaneous and visceral MCs organ involvement. This multicenter study retrospectively evaluated the effects of rituximab in a large series of patients with active MCs. The observed results were compared to those emerging from the updated review of the literature on this topic. Methods: The study included 87 patients (male/female 19/68, mean age 62.3 ± 11.4SD years, mean disease duration 9 ± 6.2SD years, HCV infection in 92% of cases) with active cryoglobulinemic vasculitis evaluated before rituximab monotherapy and after 6-month follow-up by means of main clinico-serological parameters. A PubMed search up to May 31, 2011, was done to find published clinical studies, including case reports of MCs treated with rituximab. Results: A significant clinical improvement was observed in a relevant percentage of cases, regardless the presence/absence of associated HCV infection; namely, complete/partial remission of pre-treatment active manifestations was observed in 74% of skin purpuric lesions, up to 87% of non-healing vasculitic leg ulcers, and 44% of the peripheral neuropathy, mainly paresthesias (patient's visual analogical scale from 62 ± 25 to 37 ± 27; p ≤ .0001). Moreover, cryoglobulinemic nephropathy, observed in 38 patients, significantly improved in 95% of cases (serum creatinine from 1.8 ± 1.1SD to 1.4 ± 0.8SD mg/dl, p ≤ .0001; 24-hour proteinuria from 2.2 ± 2.1SD to 0.9 ± 1.7SD g/24. h, p ≤ .0001), with complete remission in the 50%. Among 6 patients with complicating non-Hodgkin's B-cell lymphoma a complete or partial remission was observed in 5/6. A complete remission of abdominal vasculitis was also observed in one patient. These beneficial effects were mirrored by the improvement of cryoglobulinemic serological hallmarks, namely cryocrit and low complement C4, in half cases. The safety of rituximab was confirmed by the small number of side effects recorded during the 6-month follow-up. On the whole, the results of the present study are in keeping with those reported in 39 papers present in world literature, including a total of 279 MCs patients. Conclusions: Rituximab may be regarded as useful and safe pathogenetic treatment of cryoglobulinemic vasculitis. The actual role of this drug should be definitely confirmed by randomized controlled trials, as well as its position in the therapeutical strategy, mainly with respect to antiviral treatment in HCV-associated MCs. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
Milos G.,University of Zurich |
Hauselmann H.-J.,Center for Rheumatology and Bone Disease |
Krieg M.-A.,Rheumatology Clinic |
Ruegsegger P.,University of Zurich |
Gallo L.M.,University of Zurich
Bone | Year: 2014
This study intended to compare bone density and architecture in three groups of women: young women with anorexia nervosa (AN), an age-matched control group of young women, and healthy late postmenopausal women. Three-dimensional peripheral quantitative high resolution computed-tomography (HR-pQCT) at the ultradistal radius, a technology providing measures of cortical and trabecular bone density and microarchitecture, was performed in the three cohorts. Thirty-six women with AN aged 18-30. years (mean duration of AN: 5.8. years), 83 healthy late postmenopausal women aged 70-81 as well as 30 age-matched healthy young women were assessed. The overall cortical and trabecular bone density (D100), the absolute thickness of the cortical bone (CTh), and the absolute number of trabecules per area (TbN) were significantly lower in AN patients compared with healthy young women. The absolute number of trabecules per area (TbN) in AN and postmenopausal women was similar, but significantly lower than in healthy young women. The comparison between AN patients and post-menopausal women is of interest because the latter reach bone peak mass around the middle of the fertile age span whereas the former usually lose bone before reaching optimal bone density and structure. This study shows that bone mineral density and bone compacta thickness in AN are lower than those in controls but still higher than those in postmenopause. Bone compacta density in AN is similar as in controls. However, bone inner structure in AN is degraded to a similar extent as in postmenopause. This last finding is particularly troubling. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.
Yeboah-Mensah K.,Rheumatology Clinic
Ghana medical journal | Year: 2014
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic, auto-immune multi-system disorder. About seventy to ninety percent of all cases of SLE occur in women. Although the disease is common in black young women residing in Europe and North America, it is reputed to be a very rare diagnosis in West Africa. A case of atypical presentation of SLE in a male in West Africa is presented.