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Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.1.5 | Award Amount: 7.41M | Year: 2013

The PANOPTESEC consortium will deliver a beyond-state-of-the-art prototype of a cyber defence decision support system, demonstrating a risk based approach to automated cyber defence that accounts for the dynamic nature of information and communications technologies (ICT) and the constantly evolving capabilities of cyber attackers. Panoptes is an ancient Greek term meaning all eyes or all seeing. This term has incorporated into the project name to represent the PANOPTESEC consortium because the overall goal of the PANOPTESEC project is to deliver a continuous cyber security monitoring and response capability.\n\nOrganizations have become increasingly dependent on networks and computer systems to support their business operations and services. Unfortunately, as this dependency has grown, the motives and capabilities of cyber adversaries to attack these systems are also increasing. Attackers are often able to penetrate computer systems to extract sensitive information, tamper with accuracy of the information and prevent access to essential services. Given the organizational dependency on the systems and services, any one of these tactics can have significant negative impacts on an organizations business capabilities, reputation and liabilities. In the era of open networks and platforms, attackers continue to find more venues to exploit these systems to cause substantial damage.\n\nDespite the well-known need for continuous monitoring of ICT systems to detect vulnerabilities and attacks, as well as the need for rapid incident response, commercial solutions do not meet the demands of modern networks and systems.\n\nThe PANOPTESEC prototype will address these challenges by proactively and reactively evaluating system weaknesses, identifying potential attack paths, providing a list of prioritized response actions, and delivering a means to execute these responses; all supported by automated analysis engines. The resulting PANOPTESEC prototype will provide a continuous monitoring and response capability to prevent, detect, manage and react to cyber incidents in real-time. The near market-ready system will support breach notifications and improve situation awareness while supporting the decision-making process required by security personnel. PANOPTESEC will deliver this capability through an integrated and modular, standards-based integration of technologies that will collectively deliver the required capabilities.


Betti M.,Rhea System S.A | Betti M.,Earth Observation Directorate
SpaceOps 2010 Conference | Year: 2010

This paper describes MSR (Multi-Mission Scheduler and Reporter) as a centralized, OS (Operative System) independent, web-based framework developed by RHEA, aiming to be a highly customizable system addressing the many different issues related to Satellite Control Center (SCC) operations management. As a matter of fact, it represents one of very few examples of available frameworks offering a complete suite of tools addressing the multifaceted aspects of satellite mission operations, such as schedule preparation, activity logbook maintenance, report compilation, mission documentation management and task execution monitoring. Multiple missions and spacecrafts can be seamlessly operated at the same time, where all actors involved in SCC operations can be assigned one or multiple profiles with access to well-defined functionalities. © 2010 by Rhea System S.A. Published by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc.


Reid S.,Rhea System S.A | Heinen W.,Rhea System S.A | Pearson S.,Rhea System S.A
13th International Conference on Space Operations, SpaceOps 2014 | Year: 2014

This paper describes how an infrastructure that was not initially designed for automation has evolved to support it The starting point is SCOS-2000, a mature mission control system used today at ESOC and elsewhere, and the MOIS Toolkit which was developed to write and manage operations procedures in a controlled way and submit them to SCOS as command sequences, usually for on-board schedule execution. Ground-based automation was not considered at first, largely because of the nature of the missions flown by ESOC and its overall operations concept. Automation in other control systems is usually achieved by the execution of Operations Language (OL) scripts written by operations staff. Conversely, MOIS procedures are stored as formal data structures without any language syntax. The structure of MOIS procedures is quite restrictive compared to what can be achieved with an OL, but this makes them more standard and easier to test. Storing procedure data in this way also makes it easier to transform them into language scripts. MOIS procedures can be exported to several OLs including tcl-tk/TOPE (for SCOS), UCL (for CGS), Elisa (for OpenCenter), STOL (for ISI/EPOCH) and two very different forms of PLUTO (also for SCOS). Automation of space segment procedures has been possible for some time, ever since SCOS exposed its EXIF CORBA interface. Clients of this interface include the tcl-tk/TOPE engine and the MOIS Executor which executes MOIS procedures directly without going via an intermediate OL. The tendency at ESOC has been to introduce MOIS automation late on in a mission to help with routine tasks and to deal with well characterised anomalies, although it has also been used more extensively on smaller missions such as SMART-1. The EXIF has since been superseded by the Service Management Framework (SMF) which has a wider scope. Ground-based services, such as the Network Interface Service (NIS) offer their services via the SMF. The Mission Automation System MATIS was the first to use the SMF for ESOC automation. Its focus is primarily on schedules capable of executing a customised form of PLUTO procedure. The PLUTO standard (ECSS-E-ST-70-32C) was tailored to include a syntax capable of making direct SMF calls within the script. This was necessary in the absence of a space system model abstraction (to standard Activities, Reporting Data and Events) but made the scripts difficult to write, understand and test. A MOIS export was developed using templates to shield this complication from the user, but it didn't solve the underlying system level design problem. More recently the IDEA project has managed to rationalise this by introducing a space system model based on ECSS-E-ST-70-31C to support PLUTO procedures properly compliant to the standard enabling the SMF programming interface to be hidden from user view. A PLUTO DSL editor was also developed for direct script creation. To close the loop, it is now possible to export PLUTO in this much cleaner standard form from MOIS which itself interacts directly with the space system model, storing its procedures in this structure (as foreseen by the standard). This paper will detail this history and describe the current system, identifying new ways to simplify the system and improve the user experience.


Heinen W.,Rhea System S.A | Reid S.,Rhea System S.A | Pearson S.,Rhea System S.A
13th International Conference on Space Operations, SpaceOps 2014 | Year: 2014

This paper presents concepts and preliminary results of a major study (MOIS&MORE) currently being conducted for the European Space Agency, to prepare a fully integrated environment for mission Operations Preparation. The operations preparation phase is one of the most challenging in the mission lifecycle and today is far more complex then it was a decade ago, when the main focus was on procedure and spacecraft database preparation and validation. Today, the spacecraft itself is supported by complex systems for on-board control, mission planning, monitoring and control, flight dynamics and communication, all of which contribute to the continued ability to fulfil the mission. The overall picture is of a "system of systems", each very complex but only effective when working correctly in relation with the others. The primary focus of the MOIS (Mission Operations Information System) & MORE (Mission Operations pReparation Environment) study is the safe and efficient management of this system of systems, through the coordinated management of all configuration data used for Satellite Operations. This will be achieved by the definition of a hierarchical offline data model designed to capture all classes of configuration data in a consistent way, providing the means to define relationships and dependencies and providing safe storage and release control. Several editors are being developed and incorporated under the study. These as well as other existing editors must be part of the new data model to have a proper transition of the software product. When performing such a radical rewrite, the challenge is to have a transition or a coexistence of the existing software with the newly developed components within in the new model. The paper will show how such a development can be phased into the product and explains the adopted solutions.


Heinen W.,Rhea System S.A. | Reid S.,Rhea System S.A. | Pearson S.,Rhea System S.A.
SpaceOps 2012 Conference | Year: 2012

This paper will present concepts and preliminary results of a major study (MOIS&MORE) currently being conducted for the European Space Agency, to prepare a fully integrated environment for mission Operations Preparation. The Operations Preparation Phase is one of the most challenging in the mission lifecycle. The spacecraft itself is supported by complex systems for on-board control, mission planning, monitoring and control, flight dynamics and communication, all of which contribute to the continued ability to fulfil the mission. The overall picture is of a "system of systems", each very complex in its own right but only effective when working correctly in concert with the others. The primary focus of the MOIS & MORE project is the safe and efficient management of this system of systems, through the coordinated management of all configuration data used for Satellite Operations. This will be achieved conceptually by the definition of a hierarchical offline data model designed to capture all classes of configuration data in a consistent way, providing the means to define relationships and dependencies and providing safe storage and release control. This data model is based on the principles of the Space System Model (SSM) defined in ECSS standard ECSS-E-ST-70-31C. © 2012 by Rhea System s.a.


Reid S.,Rhea System S.A. | Matthyssen A.,Rhea System S.A. | Heinen W.,Rhea System S.A.
14th International Conference on Space Operations, 2016 | Year: 2016

The Manufacturing Operations and Information System (MOIS) is the industry leading “Real World” software suite dedicated to Preparation, Management and Execution of Spacecraft Test and Flight Operations Procedures. It is well established as the standard system used within European Space Operations Centre (ESA/ESOC) and a range of other European operators. In addition, MOIS is widely used by Satellite and Instrument Primes for testing spacecraft and preparation of space segment deliverables. MOIS reached the milestones of 100 spacecraft and 50 independent missions in 2015 and the year also marked the release of MOIS-7 which provides major increases in functionality, capability and technology development as a comprehensive solution for all types of mission control configuration data. This paper focuses on ongoing further development which achieves a step-change increase in efficiency in the validation process of procedures by tackling a number of key areas where costs and inefficiencies remain across the space system development lifecycle. It adopts a holistic approach supported by a modern “model based” paradigm and the provision of a new generation of extremely flexible, model based support tools to support in the preparation, execution and management of Functional Verification at Subsystem and System level and Flight Operation Manuals. The tight coupling between Flight Operations Manual (FOM) and Functional Validation is also emphasised, supporting an overall validation process that covers both enabling efficient transfer to the operational team. © 2016, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA. All rights reserved.


Heinen W.,Rhea System S.A. | Reid S.,Rhea System S.A. | Pearson S.,Rhea System S.A.
14th International Conference on Space Operations, 2016 | Year: 2016

The MORE Framework has been produced within a major project (MOIS&MORE) conducted for the European Space Agency, to prepare a fully integrated environment for mission Operations Preparation. MORE is used within MOIS-7, the latest version of RHEA’s Industry leading Operations Procedure software as well as with ESA’s current and next generation mission control systems. The operations preparation phase is one of the most challenging in the mission lifecycle and today is far more complex than it was a decade ago, when the main focus was on procedure and spacecraft database preparation and validation. Today, the spacecraft itself is supported by complex systems for on-board control, mission planning, monitoring and control, flight dynamics and communication, all of which contribute to the continued ability to fulfil the mission. The overall picture is of a “system of systems”, each very complex but only effective when working correctly in relation with the others. The primary focus of the MORE Framework is the safe and efficient management of this system of systems, through the coordinated management of all configuration data used for Satellite Operations. This is achieved by the definition of a hierarchical offline data model designed to capture all classes of configuration data in a consistent way, providing the means to define relationships and dependencies and providing safe storage and release control. © 2016, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA. All rights reserved.


Reid S.,Rhea System S.A | Pearson S.,Rhea System S.A
SpaceOps 2012 Conference | Year: 2012

RHEA recently led a consortium of companies on a project for the European Technology Harmonisation Steering Board for Ground Software Systems (THSB). The project consolidated a number of related activities to construct a coherent Reference Architecture (RA) model representing a best practice design for a satellite operations ground segment. The RA also covers related aspects of the satellite manufacturing process. The RA model was initially developed according to CCSDS RASDS / RM-ODP methods and is implemented in UML using the Enterprise Architect (EA) modelling tool. Its principal deliverable is a set of ground segment interface control documents (ICDs) representing the services offered between a Monitoring and Control System (M&C), a Mission Planning System (MPS) and a Flight Dynamics System (FDS). These ICDs will be submitted to ECSS for consideration as guidebooks for the specification of ground segment interfaces. A key aspect of this work was to align the RA with relevant and emerging standards: the ECSS Space System Model (SSM) E31 [ref1] and the CCSDS Mission Operations (MO) standards [ref5] [ref6]. The RA ICDs are defined in terms of CCSDS services. At the top level are the CCSDS MO functional services [ref7]. These reference the CCSDS Common Object Model (COM) [ref3] which sits on top of the CCSDS Message Abstraction Layer (MAL) [ref4], which itself is independent of any chosen message transport implementation. The messages are instantiations of E31's Activities, Reporting Data and Events. Reference architectures for the Operational Control System (OCS) and Electrical Ground Segment Equipment (EGSE) had evolved independently, even though a commonality in functionality is universally recognised. The updated RA has therefore converged on a 'common core' of services for both environments. It is hoped that this architecture will prove a useful reference for future activities such as the European Ground Segment Common Core initiative (EGS-CC). An important aspect of the project is the automatic generation of written documents and data schemas directly from the RA model. These are now auto-generated via macros stored within the EA project file. XML schemas for the M&C, FDS and MPS service messages are generated in a single operation. ©2012 by Rhea System s.a.


Reid S.,Rhea System S.A | Pearson S.,Rhea System S.A
SpaceOps 2010 Conference | Year: 2010

Automated Operations for Space and Ground Equipment are traditionally supported by scripting languages. The same is true for test systems used in satellite manufacture. This presents a challenge when performing tasks such as Coordinating operational information between teams or organizations, transitioning spacecraft operations from a legacy control system to a new one, or adding automation to an existing, manual based mission. MOIS is a common tool for the preparation and execution of operational satellite procedures. It is also used widely by Satellite Prime Contractors in support of Assembly, Integration and Test (AIT) of the Spacecraft. MOIS achieves its flexibility through the use of a generic procedure model, which offers a number of distinct advantages compared with any text based language. Rhea is currently leading a project on behalf of the European Technology European Technology Harmonisation Steering Board for Ground Software Systems. The purpose of the project is to investigate harmonization in the interfaces of Command Procedure Execution (CPE) systems. It is proposed to develop a 'harmonised' procedure model, accounting for a range of existing & emerging relevant standards from ECSS, CCSDS and OMG. © 2010 by Rhea System S.A.


Lawrence G.,Rhea System SA | Reid S.,Rhea System SA | Kruglanski M.,Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy
SpaceOps 2010 Conference | Year: 2010

ESA's Space Environment Information System (SPENVIS) is a system of models of the space environment and its effects on materials (e.g. spacecraft). It covers the natural radiation belts, solar energetic particles, cosmic rays, plasmas, and micro-particles. SPENVIS currently integrates 35 distinct models, with new ones being added regularly. The underlying models arise from many years of research, supported by national and international space agencies, resulting in a variety of tools to investigate the Sun-Earth connection and near-earth environment. SPENVIS was originally developed as a browserbased research tool that collects these tools together, being capable of recreating the full range of conditions in most of the solar system. In recent years SPENVIS has been further developed into an Operational System. In addition to enhancing the modeling capabilities, this required an enhancement to the customer perspective, i.e. ease-of-use, consistency, stability, runtime, support, etc. SPENVIS is now available as a web-based or standalone application. As a Spacecraft Operational Support System, SPENVIS is further tailored to preferentially reproduce the current radiation environment for a range of common LEO, MEO and GEO orbits, and predict likely future variability and effects via a purpose designed user interface. It will also accept autonomous input data regarding the real-time space environment via a variety of ISES-standard alerts and reports. This paper presents the latest developments, with particular significance for the satellite operations community. © 2010 by RHEA System SA. Published by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc.

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