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Kolkata, India

Snake bite is a neglected public health problem in India. Very few community based epidemiological studies in India have been published so far on this issue. Most of the studies were carried out on hospital data. Previous community-based survey in the state revealed that only 22% snake bite victims attended hospitals. The objective of the present study is to find out the epidemiological profile of snake bite in eight blocks of the South 24-Paraganas district of West Bengal and to explore the under reporting of snake bite deaths in health facilities in that area during the study period. A retrospective analysis of snake bite data was carried out from a community-based epidemiological survey on 1.9 million populations. This survey was done door-to-door from January 2009 to October 2010 to get epidemiological profile of snake bite of the previous 2 years. The data of direct survey was compared with the official report of the same area to evaluate the hospital-based data with focus on underreporting of snakebite deaths. A total number of snake bite cases as found in the survey in the study area was 4871. There was a huge gap between the two data (direct survey and official data). Only 7.23% snake bite deaths were officially reported. Only 22.19% of the snake bite victims attended the hospitals. Nearly 65.7% of the snake bite deaths were due to common krait bite, most of them occurring in the months of June to September. Official reporting system is still having a huge deficiency in India. Snake bite needs to get more attention from the health authority. Source

Ghosh S.K.,RG Kar Medical College
Indian Journal of Dermatology | Year: 2013

Imatinib mesylate (IM), an anticancer drug, has been widely used to treat chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST), and dermato-fibrosarcoma protuberans. Cutaneous reactions to IM have been reported to occur in varying number of patients in different case series. Non-lichenoid cutaneous reactions secondary to IM have been well-documented in the literature and are the commonest non-hematologic adverse reactions associated with its use. Lichenoid drug eruption (LDE) associated with IM therapy has rarely been reported in the literature. A case of a generalized LDE associated with IM therapy has been described here for its rarity and interesting clinical presentation. As the clinical usage of IM is increasing, one might expect an increasing number of similar patients in the future. It is thus important to realize the potential of IM to produce LDE and to differentiate this entity from idiopathic lichen planus. In the present article, the reports of IM-associated LDE, described in the PubMed and Medline database (in English language literature), have also been reviewed. Source

Ghosh T.,RG Kar Medical College
Journal of the Indian Medical Association | Year: 2010

To find out the clinicoradiomycopathological profile of allergic bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis (ABPA) and incidences of aspergillus hypersensitivity (AH) among asthma patients, 215 consecutive extrinsic asthma patients were screened with aspergillus intradermal test and those found positive for AH were investigated further for ABPA. Out of 215 asthma patients (124 males and 91 females), 54 were hypersensitive to AH and 15 of them fulfilled criteria for ABPA. On repeated culture of sputum and/or broncho-alveolar lavage fluid, A flavuswas the most common isolate (40%), followed by A fumigatus (26.67%). No species was isolated in 4 cases (26.6%). AH/ABPA is not very uncommon in this part of the country. Diseases similar to ABPA caused by other fungus might be diagnosed if allergen tests for other fungal antigens are made widely available. A strong clinical suspicion and proper laboratory backup is essential for diagnosing ABPA and related diseases. Source

Tanima D.,RG Kar Medical College
The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India | Year: 2011

Extrapyramidal syndrome is an uncommon sequelae of acute organophosphorous (OP) poisoning. It is a manifestation of the intermediate syndrome described in OP poisoning. It may or may not be associated with neuroimaging changes in the striatum. We present a case of acute OP poisoning with interesting positive CT scan findings. Source

Biswas J.,RG Kar Medical College
Indian journal of public health | Year: 2012

Eye diseases in childhood are important causes of medical consultation and it affects learning ability, adjustment in school and personality. To determine the pattern of ocular morbidity a cross-sectional observational study was conducted among 714 children, attending Ophthalmology department at a tertiary eye care center in Kolkata, West Bengal. All the children less than 15 years of age, attending in Unit II outpatient department were selected by complete enumeration method for duration of one year (January-December 2010). Distribution of association was analyzed by Chi-square test and difference between two proportions was calculated by z test for proportions. The common ocular morbidity were refractive errors (23.67%) followed by allergic conjunctivitis (17.23%), infection of the eye and adnexa (15.13%), ocular trauma (12.74%), and congenital eye diseases (13.59%). Majority of ocular morbidity is treatable and need early attention through eye screening cum intervention program beginning right from the childhood. Source

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