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Whitechapel, United Kingdom

Kelly G.,Retroscreen Virology Ltd hVIVO | Laxton C.,Retroscreen Virology Ltd hVIVO | Garelnabi M.,Retroscreen Virology Ltd hVIVO | Alton B.,Retroscreen Virology Ltd hVIVO | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Virological Methods | Year: 2015

Retroscreen (hVIVO) have developed an RSV human viral challenge model (. hVCM) for testing the efficacy of novel antiviral therapies by monitoring changes in viral load and symptoms. The integrated cycler technology and Simplexa™ kits (Focus Diagnostics) currently provide fast, qualitative and sensitive diagnostic testing in hospitals and other healthcare facilities for patients with well-established respiratory illness. We have developed a novel use of qualitative integrated cycler PCR (qicPCR) technology to identify onset of RSV infection enabling an informed dosing clinical protocol in the RSV hVCM. We have validated qicPCR detection of RSV in spiked nasal wash aspirates and demonstrate that the qicPCR assay is 94% concordant with RSV plaque assay data in nasal wash samples from 53 RSV inoculated human volunteers in the hVCM. The use of qicPCR for informed dosing was successfully implemented in a recent clinical trial demonstrating efficacy of the RSV entry inhibitor GS-5806 in the hVCM (. NCT01756482). Comparison of qicPCR positivity in relation to nasal wash viral load measured by both RT-qPCR and plaque assay shows that the therapeutic exposure was correctly initiated prior to onset and peak of RSV viral shedding and symptoms in the majority of volunteers. © 2015 Elsevier B.V..

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