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Martin-Venegas R.,University of Barcelona | Casillas R.,RETICS RD06 0045 0012 | Jauregui O.,University of Barcelona | Moreno J.J.,University of Barcelona
Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis | Year: 2011

Eicosanoids are oxidized arachidonate-derived lipid products generated by cyclooxygenase, lipoxygenase and cytochrome P-450 pathways. They are involved in diverse processes in health and disease and they are highly bioactive. Gas chromatography and enzyme immunoassays were used to quantify these mediators in the past. However, the recent availability of high-sensitivity liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry has provided a new approach for quantification that minimizes the sample size and the required preparation. This paper describes a rapid and simple technique for the simultaneous quantitative analysis of prostaglandin (PG) E2 and PGJ2; leukotrienes (LT) B4 and D4; 5-, 12-, 15- and 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids (HETEs); 13-hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid (13-HODE); 5,6-, 8,9-, 11,12- and 14,15-epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs); and 11,12- and 14,15-dihydroxieicosatrienoic acids (DHETs) in cell culture supernatants and urine. We simultaneously analyzed 14 arachidonic acid metabolites representative from the three pathways, together with 13-HODE, a linoleic-derived product. Solid phase extraction was used for the sample preparation. The recoveries obtained ranged from 25% to 100%, depending on the metabolites. The LC/MS/MS method used the gradient on a C18 column and electrospray ionization in negative ion detection mode. The method was optimized for sensitivity and for separation within 20min. The linear ranges of the calibration curves were 0.1-200ng/ml for PGE2, PGJ2, LTB4, 5-HETE, 12-HETE, 15-HETE, 13-HODE, 11,12-EET, 11,12-DHET and 14,15-DHET, and 1-200ng/ml for LTD4, 20-HETE, 5,6-EET, 8,9-EET and 14,15-EET. The advantages of this method include minimal sample preparation, high sensitivity and elimination of the problem associated with thermal instability in gas chromatography analysis. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

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