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Kaohsiung, Taiwan

Horng C.-T.,Kaohsiung Armed Forced General Hospital | Horng C.-T.,Taijen University | Chou H.-L.,Respiratory Therap | Tsai K.-L.,Respiratory Therap | And 6 more authors.
Life Science Journal | Year: 2014

To discover the incidence of ocular surface diseases in the RCC in one region hospital in southern Taiwan. Methods: A prospective study was performed from January 2014 to May 2014. We recorded the causes of admission, eyelid position, abnormal findings of the conjunctiva and cornea. Besides, we also collected data about age, sex, sedation score, the intubation or not, the ventilator setting, date of admission, endotracheal tube or tracheostomy used et al. Results: Total 30 patients were examined in RCC. The mean age of the patients was 60.5 years (range 32-82). 18 patients were male and 12 were female. 24 patients had been sedated or non-sedated with various ventilators. 6 patients were in T-piece trial. 22 patients had tube intubation and 8 patients had received tracheostomy. Mean stay time was 20.5 days. The percent of ocular surface diseases were 33.3% (10/30), and lagophthalmos was observed about 33.3% due to sedation. 23.3% (7/30) patients had conjunctival problems and 26.6% (8/30) had keratopathy. We found that 80% (8/10) patients with lagophthalmos had eye disorders. The endotracheal tube intubation group had a relatively higher incidence of ocular surface diseases (7/22;32%). If the sedation score lower than 8, 26 % patients may have eye diseases. Conclusion: The incidence of ocular surface diseases is closely related to heavy sedation or muscle relaxants. The assessment of eyelid position in relation to the ocular surface disease is the most important observation required in RCC. How to set up the routine protocol for eye care for the staff in ICU becomes valuable and serious today. We must keep in mind that prevention is always better than cure.

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