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Cameli P.,Respiratory Disease and Lung Transplantation Section | Bargagli E.,Respiratory Disease and Lung Transplantation Section | Fossi A.,Respiratory Disease and Lung Transplantation Section | Bennett D.,Respiratory Disease and Lung Transplantation Section | And 4 more authors.
Respiratory Medicine | Year: 2015

Background: Exhaled nitric oxide (eNO) and carbon monoxide (eCO) are markers of pulmonary inflammation associated with acute graft rejection and lung infections in lung transplant (LTX) recipients. Regarding eNO and eCO levels in LTX patients affected by bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS), published data are discordant. Objectives: We aim to evaluate eNO at multiple flows, alveolar concentration of nitric oxide (CalvNO), maximum conducting airway wall flux (J'awNO) and eCO levels in LTX patients to assess the potential role of these parameters in BOS evaluation. Methods: Fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO), CalvNO and J'awNO were analysed in 30 healthy subjects and 27 stable LTX patients (12 BOS patients). Pulmonary function tests were performed after eNO and eCO assessment. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were conducted to evaluate diagnostic accuracy for BOS of eNO parameters. Results: LTX patients reported higher values of FeNO at flow rates of 50 (p < 0.01), 150 (p < 0.05), 350 ml/s (p < 0.001), and CalvNO (p < 0.0001) than healthy controls. BOS patients showed higher FeNO at flow rates of 150 (p < 0.05) and 350 ml/s (p < 0.01) and CalvNO (p < 0.001) than non-BOS patients. CalvNO reported a remarkable diagnostic accuracy for BOS (AUC: 0.82). There were no significant differences of eCO levels between LTX patients and healthy controls. Conclusion: LTX patients affected by BOS showed higher levels of FeNO 150 and 350, and CalvNO than non-BOS LTX patients, probably due to chronic airway inflammation and fibrotic remodelling. CalvNO may be a potential biomarker of BOS in LTX patients. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Cameli P.,Respiratory Disease and Lung Transplantation Section | Bargagli E.,Respiratory Disease and Lung Transplantation Section | Refini R.M.,Respiratory Disease and Lung Transplantation Section | Pieroni M.G.,Respiratory Disease and Lung Transplantation Section | And 2 more authors.
Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology | Year: 2014

Nitric oxide (NO) is a biomarker of nitrosative stress, which is involved in the pathogenesis of idiopathic interstitial pneumonias (IIP). This study evaluates exhaled NO levels in IIP patients and relates alveolar concentrations of NO (CalvNO) to pulmonary function test (PFT) and 6-minute walking test (6MWT) parameters. We measured fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO), CalvNO and maximum conducting airway wall flux (J'awNO) in 30 healthy subjects and 30 patients with IIP (22 idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and 8 idiopathic non-specific interstitial pneumonias). IIP patients had higher FeNO at flow rates of 50-100-150ml/s and higher CalvNO levels than healthy controls (p<0.0001). CalvNO was significantly correlated with 6-minute walking distance (p<0.0001), recovery time (p<0.0005), TLC (p<0.001), FVC (p=0.01) and TLCO (p<0.01). IIP patients showed abnormal nitric oxide production, probably due to lung fibrosis and oxidative-mediated lung injury. CalvNO was correlated with PFT and 6MWT parameters and is proposed as a potential biomarker of lung fibrosis and exercise tolerance. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Source

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