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Talence, France

Myskowiak J.,Residence Croix du Sud | Pouillon J.-M.,rue des Plattieres | Nel A.,CNRS Systematics, Biodiversity and Evolution Institute
Comptes Rendus - Palevol

A new insect fossil from the Late Carboniferous lacustrine deposits of Montceau-les-Mines is attributed to a new genus and species, Montceaupterum baillyi of Euryptilonidae (Grylloblattodea). It is based on forewing venation but it shows also membranous lateral extensions on the pronotum, maybe corresponding to prothoracic winglets. It represents the oldest record of the family, previously known only from the Permian. © 2014 Académie des sciences. Source

Myskowiak J.,Residence Croix du Sud | Escuillie F.,Eldonia | Nel A.,CNRS Systematics, Biodiversity and Evolution Institute
Cretaceous Research

Cratosmylus magnificus gen. et sp. nov., type genus and species of the new osmylid subfamily Cratosmylinae, is described from the Lower Cretaceous of the Crato Formation, Brazil. The relationships of this taxon remain uncertain within the Osmylidae, mainly due to the lack of phylogeny of the whole family. Nevertheless, it shares with the Mesozoic subfamily Saucrosmylinae the Rs curved and bent anteriorly distally, even in a more pronounced state, i.e. Rs touching R1 in its distal part. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Myskowiak J.,Residence Croix du Sud | Nel A.,CNRS Systematics, Biodiversity and Evolution Institute

A new athericid genus and species, Eoatrichops jeanbernardi, gen. n., sp. n., is described, based on four specimens from the Lowermost Eocene of Oise (France). Its external morphology is analyzed and compared with of all genera of Athericidae. Eoatrichops is very similar to the modern genus Atrichops Verrall, differences concern the wing venation and tibial spur formula. Copyright © 2014 Magnolia Press. Source

Myskowiak J.,Residence Croix du Sud | Azar D.,Lebanese University | Nel A.,CNRS Systematics, Biodiversity and Evolution Institute
Gondwana Research

Although recent molecular phylogenetic analyses suggest a great antiquity, going into the Jurassic, for the small modern fly family Hilarimorphidae, no fossil was attributed to this group. The first fossil hilarimorphid Cretahilarimorpha lebanensis gen. et sp. nov., is described, based on a specimen from the Lower Cretaceous Lebanese amber. Its external morphology is analysed and compared with that of Hilarimorpha, unique modern hilarimorphid genus. The differences concern the wing venation, antenna and especially mouthparts. Cretahilarimorpha has very elongate mouthparts, adapted for nectar feeding or (less probably) for predation on other insects. Several other Lower Cretaceous lineages have developed similar elongate mouthparts, viz. nemestrinid and xylomyiid flies, and the Mecoptera: Aneuretopsychina, probably adapted to still unknown deep nectar-producing flowers. A checklist of species belonging to the Hilamorphidae is given. © 2015 International Association for Gondwana Research. Source

Myskowiak J.,Residence Croix du Sud | Nel A.,CNRS Systematics, Biodiversity and Evolution Institute
Cretaceous Research

Two new palaeoleontid species, Baisopardus escuilliei sp. nov. and Baisopardus pumilio sp. nov., are described, based on compression fossils from the Crato Formation in northeastern Brazil. The external morphology, particularly the wing venations, are analysed and compared with all genera of Palaeoleontidae. The previously proposed synonymy of Baisopardus with Neurastenyx is discussed. Neurastenyx, proven to be a poorly known genus based on an incomplete type fossil, is limited to its sole type species as a Myrmeleontoidea incertae sedis nov. sit. Consequently the genus Baisopardus is restored and all the other species previously included in Neurastenyx are transferred into Baisopardus. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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