Research Unit 03 UR 07 02

Monastir, Tunisia

Research Unit 03 UR 07 02

Monastir, Tunisia

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Sakly W.,Research Unit 03 UR 07 02 | Mankai A.,Research Unit 03 UR 07 02 | Achour A.,Research Unit 03 UR 07 02 | Thabet Y.,Research Unit 03 UR 07 02 | And 7 more authors.
Endocrine Research | Year: 2012

Aim. To evaluate, retrospectively, the frequency of antithyroid antibodies (ATA) in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Materials and methods. Antithyroperoxidase antibodies (TPO-Ab), antithyroglobulin antibodies (TG-Ab), and antithyroid-stimulating hormone receptor antibodies (TSHR-Ab) were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Sera of 312 patients (166 children and 146 adults) with T1D were analyzed. Sera of 276 healthy subjects (87 children and 189 blood donors) served as controls. Results. Out of 312 patients with T1D, 44 (14%) had ATA (TPO-Ab or TG-Ab or TSHR-Ab). The frequency of ATA in patients with T1D was significantly higher than in the control group (14% vs. 2.8%; p < 10 -5). ATA were significantly more frequent in adult patients with T1D than in the blood donor group (20% vs. 1.6%; p < 10 -8). The frequency of ATA in adult patients was significantly higher than in pediatric patients (20% vs. 9%; p = 0.006). The frequency of TPO-Ab and TG-Ab was significantly higher in patients with T1D than in the control group (13.5% vs. 2%; p < 10 -8 and 7% vs. 2.2%, p = 0.008), respectively. Out of 312 patients with T1D, only one had TSHR-Ab. The simultaneous presence of three autoantibodies was found in one patient with T1D. Conclusion. ATA were frequent in patients with T1D. Serological screening of autoimmune thyroid disease is suggested in patients with T1D. © 2012 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.


Achour A.,Research unit 03 UR 07 02 | Thabet Y.,Research unit 03 UR 07 02 | Sakly W.,Research unit 03 UR 07 02 | Mankai A.,Research unit 03 UR 07 02 | And 10 more authors.
Gastroenterologie Clinique et Biologique | Year: 2010

Aims: The purpose of this study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of IgA anti-actin antibodies (IgA-AAA) for celiac disease (CD), to investigate their usefulness as a marker of compliance in CD patients to the gluten-free diet (GFD), and to assess the relationship between their presence in the sera of CD patients and severity of intestinal mucosal damage. Patients and methods: A total of 182 patients with CD were studied: 63 patients were untreated; 50 patients were following a strict GFD; and 69 patients were non-compliant with a GFD. IgA-AAA was detected using a homemade enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results: IgA-AAA showed a sensitivity of 41.3% and a specificity of 71.4% for a diagnosis of CD. In children, the frequency of IgA-AAA detection was lower in those following a strict GFD (23.1%) compared with untreated patients (39.4%) and those not complying with a GFD (32.5%). In patients following a strict GFD, IgA-AAA detection was significantly less frequent in children than in adults (23.1% vs. 58.3%, respectively; P< 0.001). IgA-AAA was found in 17 out of 52 CD patients with total villous atrophy (32.7%), and in one out of 11 patients with subtotal villous atrophy (9%). Conclusion: IgA-AAA cannot replace anti-endomysium and anti-tissue transglutaminase antibodies in the diagnosis algorithm of CD, but it can serve as a reliable marker of severe intestinal mucosal damage in CD patients. © 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS.


Achour A.,Research Unit 03 UR 07 02 | Mankai A.,Research Unit 03 UR 07 02 | Thabet Y.,Research Unit 03 UR 07 02 | Sakly W.,Research Unit 03 UR 07 02 | And 7 more authors.
Rheumatology International | Year: 2012

Onset of the disease above the age of 65 years is unusual. This study was undertaken to determine retrospectively the clinical and laboratory features in SLE patients aged over 65 years. It is a retrospective study about 18 elderly patients with SLE out of 342 diagnosed between 1994 and 2009 in the center of Tunisia. All patients had at least 4 of 11 revised ACR criteria of SLE. The frequency of SLE in the elderly was 5.3%. The median age was 70 years (range 66 and 78 years). The sex ratio F/M was 5. The most frequent clinical signs were anemia (83.3%), arthralgia (55.5%), arthritis (38.9%), and malar rash (33.3%). The proteinuria and the neuropsychiatric troubles were present in 27.8% of cases. The pericarditis was present in 16.7% of cases. Antibodies to double stranded DNA (anti-dsDNA) were detected in 66.7%, anti-nucleosome in 50%, anti-SSA and anti-RNP in 27.8%, anti-Sm in 22%, and anti-SSB in 11%. Elderly patients with SLE exhibit distinct clinical and biological manifestations from the classic form. Thus, greater attention should be given for this particular subgroup of SLE patients to avoid delays in diagnosis or misdiagnosis. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.


PubMed | Research unit 03 UR 07 02
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Rheumatology international | Year: 2012

Onset of the disease above the age of 65 years is unusual. This study was undertaken to determine retrospectively the clinical and laboratory features in SLE patients aged over 65 years. It is a retrospective study about 18 elderly patients with SLE out of 342 diagnosed between 1994 and 2009 in the center of Tunisia. All patients had at least 4 of 11 revised ACR criteria of SLE. The frequency of SLE in the elderly was 5.3%. The median age was 70 years (range 66 and 78 years). The sex ratio F/M was 5. The most frequent clinical signs were anemia (83.3%), arthralgia (55.5%), arthritis (38.9%), and malar rash (33.3%). The proteinuria and the neuropsychiatric troubles were present in 27.8% of cases. The pericarditis was present in 16.7% of cases. Antibodies to double stranded DNA (anti-dsDNA) were detected in 66.7%, anti-nucleosome in 50%, anti-SSA and anti-RNP in 27.8%, anti-Sm in 22%, and anti-SSB in 11%. Elderly patients with SLE exhibit distinct clinical and biological manifestations from the classic form. Thus, greater attention should be given for this particular subgroup of SLE patients to avoid delays in diagnosis or misdiagnosis.

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