Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENERGY-2007-9.1-01 | Award Amount: 4.09M | Year: 2008
The implementation of the present Project aims at: Analysing present policies concerning EU MS and Community targets for energy import. Evaluating technical, economical and environmental characteristics of present and future energy corridors within Europe and among Europe and the supplying regions of the World, taking into account the different typology of infrastructures and technologies (railways, pipelines, cables, terminals, ships and other carriers, ..), the flows and the distances involved for oil, natural gas, coal, electricity, uranium, biomass and hydrogen (reference to the work done within the ENCOURAGED Project and other research activities). Introducing suitable parameters and indicators (including technical and socio-economical reliability) and cost components (investment, O&M, externalities) incorporating the above mentioned information, which may help a global evaluation of supply options (energy vectors, infrastructures, origins of the sources) and their impacts on economy, society, energy and environment toward sustainability. Identifying main corridors for primary and secondary energy carriers to EU27\ Implementing these energy corridors into an adapted version of the pan-EU TIMES model (PEM) built in the framework of the NEEDS IP or into other modelling tools. Analysing scenarios, in which for the fulfilment of the EU27\ energy needs, the import strategies of primary (and secondary) energy carriers compete with the evolution of energy efficiency policies (i.e. white certificates for the energy saving), the introduction of new energy schemes and the development of renewables, in the framework of the EU environmental targets for 2030-2050. Some hypotheses related to the energy supply and demand strategies of regions outside of Europe will be also assumed, given their potential impacts on the international energy prices (eg. China, India, OPEC, Russia etc.) Training target groups of EU DGs to familiarize with the modelling tool
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.6.3 | Award Amount: 13.61M | Year: 2008
The GENESIS Project has the objective of providing Environment management and Health actors with an innovative solution based on advanced ICT. Relying on interoperability standards and harmonization process, GENESIS helps to constitute complex information networks, by combining benefits of various information systems with a collaborative systems approach. The proposed generic solution allows easy deployment and customization to thematic needs on a wide range of applications, at regional, national or Europe levels for various thematic fields. The main benefits of GENESIS solution are two-fold :-to improve and facilitate actors daily practices in relation with the management of environmental data; -to perform an essential step in the deployment of the Single Information Space for the environment in Europe. The GENESIS solution will be validated through dedicated scenarios addressing thematic fields of Air Quality, Water Quality and their impact on Health. For the final benefits and information of European citizens, the needs of Environment and Health stakeholders are covered through fundamental services like : -environment monitoring,\n-multi-criteria finding of the information; -visualization and combination of static or near-real-time information; -fusion of various sources of environmental data; -correlation between environmental with health data; -support of decision making processes; -support of the risk management and response to crisis; -near-real-time information of citizens. The GENESIS generic solution is open and sustainable as based on de facto and emerging standards (OGC, OASIS, INSPIRE,...). Moreover, the GENESIS project development integrates current state of the art and innovative researches of major EC or ESA projects. GENERIS project represents an important step in operational environmental management in Europe thus paving the way to an effective wide deployment of the solution as part of the future Single European Information Space for Environment.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: REGIONS-2007-1-01 | Award Amount: 788.42K | Year: 2008
The provinces Salzburg (AT) & North Rhine-Westfalia (GE) are collaborating at political level and through economic partnerships. BRIDGE2GEO intensifies the existing links and initiates science-business partnerships within and between the regions in order to enhance S&T-based development. The cross-cutting topic is Geographic Information. Building on earlier joint actions, technological developments & recent trends in advanced visualisation and social interaction in web2.0 will be bridged (social nets, Wikis, Second Life). Within five Strategic Networks the benefit of GI-technology will be brought to different economic sectors with affinity to selected competence priorities of the two regions. Strategies, communication & business models will be elaborated via the challenging GIS 2.0 window to promote implementation of GI-services. Special regard will be given to the European GMES initiative. Universities, research institutes and SMEs in both regions are strong players in the standardization initiatives OGC and INSPIRE. In BRIDGE2GEO the regions strengthen their structural support of RTD activities intensifying the role of RTD in EU economic development. Impacts of BRIDGE2GEO are: 1. intra-cluster (scienceindustryregional policy) 2. intra-regional (coherent research policies, development of USPs in both research and industry, complementing measures within regional structural funds) 3. transnational (structures & instruments for sustainable co-operation & improvement of market access) BRIDGE2GEO will promote synergies between regional and research policies of the two regions. Through intensive involvement of the regional development agencies RTD strategies will be integrated into the economic development strategies as a basis for more focused use of the Structural Funds for R&D activities. SMEs and research will benefit from jointly prepared relations into emerging markets. Collaboration with RTD initiatives in convergence countries will be developed.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.5.6 | Award Amount: 3.45M | Year: 2011
The aim of the project is to develop a user-friendly policy simulation system allowing forecasting and visualizing the socio-economic potential impact of public policies. This will allow policy makers to make experiments with different socio-economic designs, with the participation of citizens and potentially impacted stakeholders, before a public policy is settled. It will also allow the different stakeholders to participate into the process and better understand different scenarios possible and their side effects.Focus will be set on SME-oriented policies in order to manage the scope of R&D activities. They have been selected given the importance of SMEs in EU Economy, and the R&D potential given by the nature of policies and impacts addressing this collective.Combining suitable data, models, artificial intelligence and interactive visualization tools, the final goal is to develop a policy wind tunnel. MOSIPS system will be suited to craft policy options, giving social and economic stakeholders a decision arena visualizing and illustrating policy insights, providing valuable decision-support, as it will make counter-intuitive feedback, cascading and side effects understandable.MOSIPS will be able to significantly improve the quality of policies implemented by public authorities at any administrative level, and at the same time, facilitate access to meaningful information to citizens about the expected consequences of policies designed for the region/locality/country/area they live at, promoting their engagement and active participation in the policy-making and implementation process.Concrete S&T objectives are related to the consecution of this project aim, mainly dealing with the areas of modelling, multi-agent based intelligent and dynamic simulation, visual technologies for data analysis and real-time interaction with simulation engines, citizens empowerment, software certification and the paradigm of Software as a Service and related ICT areas.
Angelis-Dimakis A.,National Technical University of Athens |
Biberacher M.,Research Studios Austria Forschungsgesellschaft MbH |
Dominguez J.,CIEMAT |
Fiorese G.,Polytechnic of Milan |
And 8 more authors.
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2011
The recent statements of both the European Union and the US Presidency pushed in the direction of using renewable forms of energy, in order to act against climate changes induced by the growing concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. In this paper, a survey regarding methods and tools presently available to determine potential and exploitable energy in the most important renewable sectors (i.e., solar, wind, wave, biomass and geothermal energy) is presented. Moreover, challenges for each renewable resource are highlighted as well as the available tools that can help in evaluating the use of a mix of different sources. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: ENV.2008.4.1.3.1. | Award Amount: 7.87M | Year: 2009
The main objective of the EnerGEO project is to develop a strategy for a global assessment of the current and future impact of the exploitation of energy resources on the environment and ecosystems and to demonstrate this strategy for a variety of energy resources worldwide. The global observation strategy will be developed to appropriately assess the impacts of current and future transitions in energy-use on the environment by a combination of: models already available for the different sources of energ: TASES, REMIX and MESSAGE existing global datasets from which environmental indicators will be derived to quantify changes to freshwater systems, biosphere, ecosystems, atmosphere and oceans. existing and currently developed models capable of assessing and forecasting environmental impacts and costs of energy exploitation. By developing a distributed system based on the recommendations of the GEO-Architecture and Data Committee global collection and dissemination of data relating to the effect of energy use on the environment will be supported. By including members of the Energy-Community of Practice of GEO, sustained contribution of the GEO-tasks EN-07-02 and EN-07-3 will be realised. The project takes the testing and demonstration of the observing system and developed scenarios through the execution of dedicated pilots at heart. The pilots are focused on the most important issues relating to atmospheric composition and land degradation through the use of fossil fuels, future impacts of the use and production of biomass on land ecosystems and food security, sustainable integration of solar energy in current grids as well as its visual impact and relating to the impact of wind energy on marine ecosystems. Attention will be given to pollutants that are continuously cycling between the atmosphere and aquatic ecosystems. The results of the pilots feed into an integrated platform that will be run for known scenarios in order to assess energy strategies.
PubMed | Georgia Institute of Technology, Technical University of Delft, University of Massachusetts Lowell and Research Studios Austria Forschungsgesellschaft mbH
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Health and technology | Year: 2015
Work place health support interventions can help support our aging work force, with mApps offering cost-effectiveness opportunities. Previous research shows that health support apps should offer users enough newness and relevance each time they are used. Otherwise the eHealth law of attrition applies: 90% of users are lost prematurely. Our research study builds on this prior research with further investigation on whether a mobile health quiz provides added value for users within a hybrid service mix and whether it promotes long term health? We developed a hybrid health support intervention solution that uses a mix of electronic and physical support services for improving health behaviours, including a mobile micro-learning health quiz. This solution was evaluated in a multiple-case study at three work sites with 86 users. We find that both our mobile health quiz and the overall hybrid solution contributed to improvements in health readiness, -behaviour and -competence. Users indicated that the micro-learning health quiz courses provided new and relevant information. Relatively high utilization rates of the health quiz were observed. Participants indicated that health insights were given that directly influenced every day health perceptions, -choices, coping and goal achievement strategies, plus motivation and self-norms. This points to increased user health self-management competence. Moreover, even after 10months they indicated to still have improved health awareness, -motivation and -behaviours (food, physical activity, mental recuperation). A design analysis was conducted regarding service mix efficacy; the mobile micro-learning health quiz helped fulfil a set of key requirements that exist for designing ICT-enabled lifestyle interventions, largely in the way it was anticipated.
Schardinger I.,Research Studios Austria Forschungsgesellschaft mbH |
Botzenhart F.,Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics (Garching) |
Biberacher M.,Research Studios Austria Forschungsgesellschaft mbH |
Hamacher T.,TU Munich |
And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Energy Sector Management | Year: 2012
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to outline an integrative modelling approach that includes agricultural and forestry process chains in an energy system model, on a regional scale. The main focus is on land use for biomass production, aimed at satisfying the demands for energy, food, and materials. Design/methodology/approach: The described model combines geographic modelling with a linear optimisation approach. The cost-based optimisation of the energy system includes agricultural and forestry process chains. The system's commodities and processes are identified and these are linked appropriately in the specifications of the reference system. Spatial models provided geographically specific input data for the optimisation; these spatial models were based on publicly available data, regional heat and electricity demands, and regional biomass potentials. The optimisation tool was applied in two case studies. Findings: The optimisation results allow an improved understanding of the interdependencies between regional agricultural and forestry structures and the regional energy system. Future developments of the energy system can be quantified. The application of the model in the case studies has revealed the limits on biomass availability, even in rural areas, and the fossil fuel price sensitivity of an optimal system setup. Originality/value: Geographic models linked to a forecast model approach and based on publicly available data allow a high spatial resolution by taking into account the region-specific conditions and mean that the modelling approach is transferrable to other regions. This paper provides an initial insight into the linkage between bottom-up optimisation and spatial modelling, representing an innovative approach that is yet to be well explored. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: NMP.2013.3.0-2 | Award Amount: 4.05M | Year: 2014
The forest-based value chains are one of the dominant contributors to the GDP in the rural regions of Europe. Besides the traditional value chains, novel ones are in the horizon, with significant impacts on the requirements for the raw material supply chains. A major roadblock for improving forest-based value chains is the lack of integrated control and planning mechanism. FOCUS will demonstrate how innovative sensor technologies and control methods can solve this problem, with case studies in Finland, Belgium, Switzerland,Germany,Austria, Portugal covering the main forest-based production processes in Europe biomass for bioenergy, timber and pulp wood, and cork transformation. The goal of FOCUS is to improve the individual value chain processes, and to remove the barriers for integrated planning and control for the whole value chain. The project brings together leading SMEs and organisations in the fields of environment and machine sensors, production machinery and control automation software development. The expertise is needed to address the key challenges: novel sensor development for environment, raw material and production machinery monitoring; new process specific control processes; plug-and-play composition of value chain wide control processes. The productivity and sustainability of the value chains will be enhanced by enabling the best use of the production resources, and by reducing harmful impacts like soil compaction by forest machines, and carbon footprint of the operations. Product marketability will be increased by traceability of raw material origin, and by controlling the quality of the raw material during the production process. The open source FOCUS platform will foster new business models by enabling several SMEs to jointly offer solutions. The project will be a paradigm for support of efficient and sustainable exploitation of existing and new forest-based value chains alike, and will enhance the economic development of European rural areas.
Vockner B.,Research Studios Austria Forschungsgesellschaft MbH |
Mittlbock M.,Research Studios Austria Forschungsgesellschaft MbH
gis.Science - Die Zeitschrift fur Geoinformatik | Year: 2015
In this paper, we present approaches for efficient linking, discovery and integration of spatial as well as non-spatial data in a spatial data infrastructure (SDI). Geoportals act as main gateways to SDIs. Due to semantic heterogeneity issues they are facing challenges in regard to linking, discovery and integration of digital (geospatial) resources. Thus, we enrich resource descriptions with synonyms, toponyms und translated terms based on multilingual thesauri and ontologies. Therefore, users can discover resources that differ from the search language and context of the user. Besides the actual search results, users get recommendations of geo-spatial and non-spatial resources that may be of interest to them. These recommendations are based on the search experience of other users as well as automatically derived similarities of their textual descriptions.