Iliescu M.,Research Station for Viticulture and Enology |
Farago M.,Research Station for Viticulture and Enology |
Ranca A.,Research Station for Viticulture and Enology Murfatlar |
Gansca L.,Babes - Bolyai University |
Oprean I.,Babes - Bolyai University
Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology | Year: 2012
The study aims at advancing the knowledge of critical points in grapevine fertilisation technology, how they affect the viticultural environment and the danger presented by hazardous substance transfer into the soil-vine-grapes system. The agrochemical characterisation of viticultural soils, the monitoring of nutrients, the identification of prospective or present hazardous substances are segments of quality traceability in the viticultural production. The information on mineral elements traceability and on substances added through the 'fertilisation' process leads to proper impact management for viticultural, industrial activities and other types of environmental, health and life quality challenges. It can also contribute to the development of fertilisation systems that reduce the pollutants negative consequences. The growth area of Tarnave and Murfatlar vineyards sums up environment conditions (soil, climate, orientation, place, etc.) that determine the origin and quality of wines, irrespective of yearly (seasonal) fluctuations. Our research follows the distribution of heavy metals into the viticultural environment, the identification of areas registering a potential contamination risk for their viti-vinicultural products and the assessment of the state of 'health' of viti-vinicultural products. Food safety standards require the identification, characterisation and counting of inorganic hazardous substances as well as of the influence of vineyard fertilisation systems, in view of ensuring high quality standards and compliance with EU norms for viti-vinicultural products.