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Deng F.,Tsinghua University | Deng F.,Research Institution of Forensic Science and Technology | Deng F.,Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Special Functional Materials | Lin X.,Research Institution of Forensic Science and Technology | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Forensic Sciences | Year: 2015

Quantitative phase analysis (QPA) is helpful to determine the type attribute of the object because it could present the content of the constituents. QPA by Rietveld method requires neither measurement of calibration data nor the use of an internal standard; however, the approximate crystal structure of each phase in a mixture is necessary. In this study, 8 synthetic mixtures composed of potassium nitrate and sulfur were analyzed by Rietveld QPA method. The Rietveld refinement was accomplished with a material analysis using diffraction program and evaluated by three agreement indices. Results showed that Rietveld QPA yielded precise results, with errors generally less than 2.0% absolute. In addition, a criminal case which was broken successfully with the help of Rietveld QPA method was also introduced. This method will allow forensic investigators to acquire detailed information of the material evidence, which could point out the direction for case detection and court proceedings. © 2015 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.

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