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Mudraya I.S.,Research Institute of Urology | Revenko S.V.,National Cardiology Center | Nesterov A.V.,National Cardiology Center | Gavrilov I.Y.,National Cardiology Center | Kirpatovsky V.I.,Research Institute of Urology
Physiological Measurement | Year: 2011

Multicycle harmonic (Fourier) analysis of bioimpedance was employed to simultaneously assess circulation and neural activity in visceral (rat urinary bladder) and somatic (human finger) organs. The informative value of the first cardiac harmonic of the bladder impedance as an index of bladder circulation is demonstrated. The individual reactions of normal and obstructive bladders in response to infusion cystometry were recorded. The potency of multicycle harmonic analysis of bioimpedance to assess sympathetic and parasympathetic neural control in urinary bladder is discussed. In the human finger, bioimpedance harmonic analysis revealed three periodic components at the rate of the heart beat, respiration and Mayer wave (0.1 Hz), which were observed under normal conditions and during blood flow arrest in the hand. The revealed spectrum peaks were explained by the changes in systemic blood pressure and in regional vascular tone resulting from neural vasomotor control. During normal respiration and circulation, two side cardiac peaks were revealed in a bioimpedance amplitude spectrum, whose amplitude reflected the depth of amplitude respiratory modulation of the cardiac output. During normal breathing, the peaks corresponding to the second and third cardiac harmonics were split, reflecting frequency respiratory modulation of the heart rate. Multicycle harmonic analysis of bioimpedance is a novel potent tool to examine the interaction between the respiratory and cardiovascular system and to simultaneously assess regional circulation and neural influences in visceral and somatic organs. © 2011 Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine.


Filonenko E.V.,Russian National Research Medical University | Alekseev B.Y.A.,National Health Research Institute | Apolikhin O.I.,Research Institute of Urology | Slovokhodov E.K.,City Clinical hospital and 40 | Ivanova-Radkevich V.I.,Peoples' Friendship University of Russia
Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy | Year: 2016

The results of multicenter prospective trial for efficacy of combined modality treatment: transurethral resection (TUR) + photodynamic therapy (PDT) with alasens for bladder cancer are represented in the article. Trials were organized by Research Institute of Organic Intermediates and Dyes and conducted according to clinical protocol approved by Ministry of Health of Russia, at the sites of leading Russian cancer clinical centers. The trial included 45 subjects with verified diagnosis of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer. Patients underwent TUR of bladder with simultaneous PDT as anti-relapse treatment. Alasens was administered to patients as intravesicular instillation of 3% solution in volume of 50 ml with 1.5–2 h exposure (prior to TUR). TUR was performed after instillation. PDT session was conducted immediately after the completion of TUR on a single occasion by means of combined local irradiation on tumor bed with diffuse irradiation on whole urinary bladder mucosa (light dose of local irradiation – 100 J/cm2, diffuse irradiation – 20 J/cm2). Good tolerance of the treatment was noticed, there were no complications. Among 45 patients included in the trial, 35 (78%) completed 12 month protocol follow-up without relapse. In our study PDT with alasens after TUR reported a recurrence rate of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer for 1st year after treatment of 22%. TUR with intraoperative PDT with 5-aminolevulinic acid may offer an alternative in the treatment of non-muscle-invasive intermediate and high-risk bladder cancer. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.


Revenko S.V.,Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation | Selector L.Y.,Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation | Gavrilov I.Y.,BIOLA Research and Production Company | Nesterov A.V.,BIOLA Research and Production Company | And 3 more authors.
Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine | Year: 2015

The front-end low-noise electronic amplifi ers and high-throughput computing systems made it possible to record ECG with a high resolution in the low-frequency range including the respiration and Mayer frequencies and to analyze ECG with digital fi ltering technique and harmonic analysis. These tools yielded ECG spectra of narcotized rats, which contained the characteristic pulsatile triplets and pentaplets with splitting constant equal to respiration rate, as well as the peaks at respiration and Mayer frequencies. The harmonic analysis of ECG determined the frequency parameters employed to tune the software bandpass fi lters, which revealed the respiratory (R) and Mayer (M) waves in the time domain with the amplitudes of 20-30 μV amounting to 5% ECG amplitude. The depolarizing myorelaxant succinylcholine chloride capable to trigger various types of arrhythmias, transiently increased R-wave, inhibited M-wave, and provoked a negative U-wave within a heartbeat ECG cycle synchronously with inspiration. It is hypothesized that M-, R-, and U-waves in ECG refl ect cardiotropic activity of autonomic nervous system. The respective spectral peaks in ECG can be employed to assess intensity of sympathetic and parasympathetic cardiotropic infl uences, their balance, and the risk of arrhythmias. © 2015 Springer Science+Business Media New York.


PubMed | National Health Research Institute, Russian National Research Medical University, City Clinical hospital and 40, Research Institute of Urology and Peoples' Friendship University of Russia
Type: | Journal: Photodiagnosis and photodynamic therapy | Year: 2016

The results of multicenter prospective trial for efficacy of combined modality treatment: transurethral resection (TUR)+photodynamic therapy (PDT) with alasens for bladder cancer are represented in the article. Trials were organized by Research Institute of Organic Intermediates and Dyes and conducted according to clinical protocol approved by Ministry of Health of Russia, at the sites of leading Russian cancer clinical centers. The trial included 45 subjects with verified diagnosis of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer. Patients underwent TUR of bladder with simultaneous PDT as anti-relapse treatment. Alasens was administered to patients as intravesicular instillation of 3% solution in volume of 50ml with 1.5-2h exposure (prior to TUR). TUR was performed after instillation. PDT session was conducted immediately after the completion of TUR on a single occasion by means of combined local irradiation on tumor bed with diffuse irradiation on whole urinary bladder mucosa (light dose of local irradiation - 100J/cm2, diffuse irradiation - 20J/cm2). Good tolerance of the treatment was noticed, there were no complications. Among 45 patients included in the trial, 35 (78%) completed 12 month protocol follow-up without relapse. In our study PDT with alasens after TUR reported a recurrence rate of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer for 1st year after treatment of 22%. TUR with intraoperative PDT with 5-aminolevulinic acid may offer an alternative in the treatment of non-muscle-invasive intermediate and high-risk bladder cancer.


Markosyan T.G.,Moscow State University | Alyaev Y.G.,Moscow State University | Glybochko P.V.,Moscow State University | Kirpatovsky V.I.,Research Institute of Urology | And 4 more authors.
Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine | Year: 2011

Small variations of electric impedance (bioimpedance) of human penis were examined in healthy volunteers and in patients with vascular erectile dysfunction (ED). The harmonic analysis revealed rhythmic oscillations of penile bioimpedance at frequencies corresponding to the heart and respiration rates and Mayer wave (0.1 Hz) and to multiple frequencies (harmonics) of the respiratory and cardiac oscillations. In normal penile bioimpedance spectrum, the Mayer and respiratory peaks were several times higher than the fi rst cardiac (pulsatile) harmonic indicating neurogenic origin of rhythmic bioimpedance variations in the whole penis. The most of healthy individuals (78%) demonstrated the cardiac harmonics at the frequency range of 4-7 Hz that violated the monotone decrement of the pulsatile harmonic series suggesting the resonant character of oscillations of the penile arteries at this "near" frequency range. In contrast to stable 1-4 cardiac harmonics, the amplitudes of the near-range resonant harmonics could vary during few minutes suggesting a causal relation of the corresponding bioimpedance oscillations with the varying vascular tone in penile arteries. The most patients (89%) with vascular ED demonstrated not only the fi rst 1-4 monotonically decrementing harmonics and the near-resonant ones, but also the stable cardiac harmonics at the "far" frequency range of 8-14 Hz that also disturbed the monotonic character of the cardiac harmonic series indicating the sclerotic alterations in regional arteries. In ED patients, insignifi cant decrease of the initial cardiac harmonics C1-C3 in comparison with the norm was accompanied by pronounced and signifi cant decrease of the respiratory R1 and Mayer M1 peaks. The study showed that the far-frequency bioimpedance resonances at the range of 8-14 Hz and dramatic drop of Mayer and respiratory peaks are the diagnostic signs of vascular ED independent on the accompanying hormonal or neurogenic disorders. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.


Kirpatovsky V.I.,Moscow State University | Plotnikov E.Y.,Moscow State University | Mudraya I.S.,Research Institute of Urology | Golovanov S.A.,Research Institute of Urology | And 5 more authors.
Biochemistry (Moscow) | Year: 2013

Acute urine retention is a frequent complication in patients with benign hyperplasia of the prostate gland. According to studies made on experimental animals and people, it is accompanied by the deterioration of the bladder blood supply. This study attempts to explore the relationship of intramural blood flow, production of reactive oxygen species, and functional state of the bladder detrusor in modeling of acute urine retention in rats, as well as the impact of mitochondria-targeted antioxidants (which are supposed to alleviate the effects of oxidative stress induced by experimental ischemia) on these parameters. The study showed beneficial effects of mitochondria-targeted antioxidant SkQR1 in preventing damage of the bladder caused by acute urinary retention, which suggests the therapeutic use of this type of compounds for the treatment of ischemic abnormalities of the urinary bladder. © 2013 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.


Kirpatovskii V.I.,Research Institute of Urology | Mudraya I.S.,Research Institute of Urology | Mkrtchyan K.G.,Research Institute of Urology | Revenko S.V.,Research Institute of Urology | And 3 more authors.
Bulletin of experimental biology and medicine | Year: 2015

Blood supply to the pelvic organs of outbred male rats was diminished by graduated constriction of the distal part of the inferior vena cava. Deficiency of intramural blood supply in prostate and urinary bladder was revealed by bioimpedance harmonic analysis according to the magnitude of first cardiac peak in the bioimpedance spectrogram. In 1-1.5 months, the histological examination revealed the glandular-stromal form of progressive benign prostatic hyperplasia in all ischemic rats. The development of hyperplasia was not accompanied by the changes in testosterone, dihydrotestosterone, or estradiol in blood and prostatic tissue. Assessment of vesical functional status by recording the intravesical pressure during infusion cystometry revealed an increase in the amplitude of spontaneous fluctuations of detrusor tone and intravesical pressure during bladder filling, which can be considered as indicator of detrusor hyperactivity. The data conclude that chronic ischemia of pelvic organs is an individual pathogenic factor in the development of benign prostatic hyperplasia and associated urinary disorders.


Apolikhin O.I.,Research Institute of Urology | Khodyreva L.A.,Research Institute of Urology | Mudraya I.S.,Research Institute of Urology | Kirpatovsky V.I.,Research Institute of Urology | Serdyuk A.A.,Research Institute of Urology
Journal of Physics: Conference Series | Year: 2010

The study of distal ureter function was carried out on patients with stones in the upper urinary tract, who underwent ureteroscopy and lithotripsy procedures. The parameters of ureteral peristalsis such as peristalsis amplitude, peristalsis rate, ureteral wall tone, contractile wave duration, and its direction obtained by multichannel impedance ureterography were assessed and compared from two groups of patients. The group I patients received tamsulosin in addition to standard regimen, while the group II patients matched according to the stone size and location were managed without tamsulosin medical therapy. In comparison with group II, the group I patients demonstrated smaller average peristalsis amplitude (0.60±0.08 vs 0.81±0.06 Ohm), shorter contractions (7.1±0.3 vs 7.7±0.3 s), greater peristalsis rate (3.3±0.3 vs 2.8±0.2 per minute), and diminished ureteral tone (4.0±0.5 vs 4.7±0.2 Ohm-1). Incidence of the retrograde contractile waves was two-fold greater in the group II, while normal antegrade regular contractions were 30% more frequent in the group I. In addition, our results showed that the effect of tamsulosin on ureteral function was manifested in the patients with different stone size and location in the upper urinary tract, and it depended pronouncedly on individual ureteral tone and contractility parameters. © 2010 IOP Publishing Ltd.


Nesterov A.,Research Institute of Urology | Gavrilov I.,Research Institute of Urology | Selector L.,Research Institute of Urology | Mudraya I.,Research Institute of Urology | Revenko S.,Research Institute of Urology
Journal of Physics: Conference Series | Year: 2010

Fourier analysis revealed a number of periodicities in small variations of bioimpedance of human finger including the major spectrum peaks at the frequencies of heart beats, respiration, and Mayer wave (0.1 Hz). These periodic variations of bioimpedance were detected under the normal conditions and during blood flow arrest in the hand by a pneumatic cuff placed on the arm. They are explained by periodic variations in systemic blood pressure and by oscillations of regional vascular tone resulted from neural vasomotor control. During normal blood flow, the greatest variations in bioimpedance were observed at the heart rate, and their amplitude surpassed by an order of magnitude the amplitudes of respiratory oscillations and Mayer wave. In contrast, during blood arrest, the largest amplitude of rhythmical changes of the impedance characterized the oscillations at respiration rate, while the amplitude of oscillations at the heart rate was the smallest. During normal respiration and circulation, two side cardiac peaks were revealed in bioimpedance amplitude spectrum which disappeared during respiration arrest and thought to reflect the amplitude respiratory modulation of the cardiac output via sympathetic influences. During normal breathing, the second and the third harmonics of the cardiac spectrum peak were split reflecting frequency respiratory modulation of the heart rate by parasympathetic influences. The results favour applicability of Fourier analysis of bioimpedance variations in assessment of regional neural influences and neurogenic modulation of cardiac activity. © 2010 IOP Publishing Ltd.


PubMed | Research Institute of Urology
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Bulletin of experimental biology and medicine | Year: 2015

Blood supply to the pelvic organs of outbred male rats was diminished by graduated constriction of the distal part of the inferior vena cava. Deficiency of intramural blood supply in prostate and urinary bladder was revealed by bioimpedance harmonic analysis according to the magnitude of first cardiac peak in the bioimpedance spectrogram. In 1-1.5 months, the histological examination revealed the glandular-stromal form of progressive benign prostatic hyperplasia in all ischemic rats. The development of hyperplasia was not accompanied by the changes in testosterone, dihydrotestosterone, or estradiol in blood and prostatic tissue. Assessment of vesical functional status by recording the intravesical pressure during infusion cystometry revealed an increase in the amplitude of spontaneous fluctuations of detrusor tone and intravesical pressure during bladder filling, which can be considered as indicator of detrusor hyperactivity. The data conclude that chronic ischemia of pelvic organs is an individual pathogenic factor in the development of benign prostatic hyperplasia and associated urinary disorders.

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