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Drobna J.,Research Institute of Plant Production Piestany
Czech Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding | Year: 2010

Astragalus excapus L. and Astragalus austriacus Jacq. are regarded as critically endangered species in Slovakia. They are threatened by environmental impact, natural succession, as well as by human activities. Monitoring them is an important tool in determining their status and in making management decisions for their protection. In this contribution, a summary of the basic terrain endeavours, current status, locality and species description, habitat preferences, possible threats, current protection, and management activities are presented.


Phenotypic variation and association between morphologic traits and geographic characteristics (latitude, longitude and elevation) were investigated for fifteen wild birdsfoot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus L.) populations collected from diverse natural stands in Slovakia. Considerable variation between populations was observed for morphological characteristics. According to principal component analysis, the attributes that appeared to be the major sources of diversity between these populations were growth habit, number of internodes, stem length, stem thickness, number of stems per plant and leaf length. The populations were classified into five morphologic cluster groups, corresponding to collecting sites with similar geographic characteristics. This study showed that most populations from locations with lower elevation tended to produce semi-prostrate plants with high number of long stems and with later flowering. The number of stems, number of internodes and stem length increased as the population collecting-site location moved west and south. The results may be useful for planning more effective collection and utilization of several wild populations. © 2010 Institute of Botany, Slovak Academy of Sciences.


Babulicova M.,Research Institute of Plant Production Piestany
Plant, Soil and Environment | Year: 2014

In a long-term field experiment winter wheat was grown in crop rotations with 40, 60 and 80% proportion of cereals. Two levels of fertilization were used: H1 - mineral fertilization N, P, K + organic fertilization Veget®; H2 - only mineral fertilization N, P, K. Winter what was grown after two preceding crops: pea and winter barley. In 2010-2012 the grain yield of winter wheat after pea was statistically higher at fertilization with mineral fertilizers N, P, K and organic manure Veget® (7.15 t/ha) in comparison with mineral fertilizers only (6.65 t/ha). In crop rotation with 80% of cereals the grain yield of winter wheat after pea as a preceding crop was statistically higher (6.81 t/ha) than after winter barley (5.59 t/ha). The rising of grain yield at 1.9 t/ha was achieved by suitable preceding crop (pea) and by combined fertilization (mineral fertilizers N, P, K + organic manure Veget®). The grain yield of winter wheat 5.24 t was obtained by mineral fertilization N, P, K only and after winter barley. By mineral fertilization N, P, K + organic manure Veget®) and after pea as a preceding crop the grain yield of winter wheat 7.14 t/ha was reached.


Hudcovicova M.,Research Institute of Plant Production Piestany | Korbelova E.,R.O.S.A. | Slikova S.,Research Institute of Plant Production Piestany | Klcova L.,Research Institute of Plant Production Piestany | And 3 more authors.
Agriculture | Year: 2015

Molecular selection among newly created tomato and pepper lines was applied for identification of lines possessing DNA markers linked with the resistant loci against tobamoviruses ToMV, TMV, PaMMV, and PMMoV. Only four tomato lines among 184 had DNA marker linked with the resistant allele Tm-2 conferring homozygosity at this locus. Resistance of these four lines was tested and confirmed also by virological testing by inoculation with TMV strain 0. Simultaneously tested lines heterozygous at this locus expressed full or unbalanced resistance. Fifty-eight out of 62 tested pepper lines had only marker linked to susceptible allele of the locus L. Three lines derived from tobamovirus resistant pepper cultivars Brill and Brilliant expressed marker linked to resistant allele L3, and only one line derived from resistant cultivar Hurricane possessed both markers. Four selected pepper lines declared resistance also after artificial inoculation with the TMV P0 pathotype. Molecular selection, both in tomato and pepper breeding lines, may be useful in breeding programs directed to tobamovirus resistance. © Martina Hudcovicová et al. 2015.


Zak S.,Research Institute of Plant Production Piestany | MacAk M.,Slovak University of Agriculture | HaSana R.,Research Institute of Plant Production Piestany
Agriculture | Year: 2012

The influence of three soil tillage technologies and two fertilisation levels on a productivity of crops and biomass for energy use, expressed in yield, cereal units (CU), energy acquired and indicative price of energy per hectare was evaluated at the experimental fields of Research Institute of Plant Production in Piešt'any during 2007-2009. The highest yield of dry matter has been identified for maize for silage 19.41 t/ha, followed by winter oilseed rape 15.77 t/ha, triticale 15.39 t/ha and winter wheat 14.08 t/ha. Conventional tillage created soil condition for higher yield of dry matter in an average 17.92 t/ha, followed by minimum soil tillage 16.27 t/ha and no-till-age technology 14.3 t/ha. Nitrogen-based fertilisation (N120) has ensured a significantly higher yield of dry matter and a higher price of acquired energy €491.1 compared with €462.1 of zero-nitrogen fertilisation. The highest yield of cereal units has been identified for maize for silage 9.01 CU, followed by winter wheat 5.21 CU, triticale 4.70 CU and winter oilseed rape 4.55 CU. Energy of maize for silage has been calculated from biogas, winter oilseed rape from rape methyl ester, straw and crop residues, and for winter wheat and triticale from ethanol and straw. Average energy storage in plant biomass of crop rotation was 222.93 GJ/ha. The highest amount of energy acquired has been identified for winter oilseed rape 342.80 GJ/ha, followed by maize for silage with 236.99 GJ/ha, winter triticale 159.39 GJ/ha and winter wheat 152.52 GJ/ha.

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