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Sannino D.,University of Salerno | Vaiano V.,University of Salerno | Ciambelli P.,University of Salerno | Caracciolo D.,Research Institute of Leather Industry SSIP | And 2 more authors.
Chemical Engineering Transactions | Year: 2010

Thermal conversion of sewage sludge presents several advantages, such as the reduction of mass and volume of solid waste and energy recovery from the organic sludge fraction, resulting in lower disposal costs with respect to landfilling. In this work, the combustion behaviour of a dried tannery sewage sludge was compared in the absence and in the presence of a catalyst, investigating the role of catalyst loading. The catalyst mixed with the dried sludge improves either the selectivity of the sludge combustion process, reducing the emission of cyclic and aromatic substances, either the combustion peak temperature, yielding a higher oxidation rate of the sludge organic fraction. By adding the catalysts in the step of sludge formation, i.e. immediately after the addition of flocculant into the coagulation-flocculation step of tannery wastewater, the combustion peak of the sludge organic fraction occurred at about 300 K lower than in the absence of catalyst (about 798 K), pointing out to a significant improvement of the oxidation process due to the catalytic material. Copyright © 2010, AIDIC Servizi S.r.l. Source


Ciambelli P.,University of Salerno | Sannino D.,University of Salerno | Vaiano V.,University of Salerno | Caracciolo D.,Research Institute of Leather Industry SSIP | And 2 more authors.
32nd Congress of the International Union of Leather Technologists and Chemist Societies, IULTCS 2013 | Year: 2013

Two different tannery sewage sludges (sludge 1 and sludge 2) have been characterized by thermal analysis coupled with mass spectrometry of evolved gases (TG-DSC-MS), inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES), Gas chromatography - mass spectrometry (GC-MS), Purge and trap GC-MS. Four main temperature ranges of weight loss are individuated in air flow TG-DSC-MS experiments on sludge 1. The first, below 200°C, coupled to an endothermic signal, is related to water release. Between 200 and 350°C, an exothermic signal accompanies the loss of sulphate as evolved SO2, and organic substances, aromatics and saturated cyclic compounds. In the latter range, development of CO2 was also observed, that becomes prevalent in the range 350-600°C. From 600 to 700°C carbon dioxide coming from carbonate decomposition was observed. On sludge 2 three main temperature ranges of weight loss are present, below 150°C, between 150 and 350°C and from 350 to 600°C, attributed, respectively, to water, sulphate, CO2 plus aromatic and carbonylic compounds releases. A larger amount of Cr and Al was found by ICP-AES on sludge 2. The differences between the samples evidence the influence of the different composition of the parent wastewater and of the depuration process. The influence of additives on combustion profiles has been also evaluated. Catalyst addition to the sludge results to reduce the emission of cyclic and aromatic substances, to lower temperature and to increase the oxidation rate of the organic fraction combustion. Source

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