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Dorofeev S.G.,Moscow State University | Kononov N.N.,RAS A.M. Prokhorov General Physics Institute | Zverolovlev V.M.,Research Institute of High Purity Materials | Zinoviev K.V.,Research Institute of High Purity Materials | And 3 more authors.
Semiconductors | Year: 2014

The effect of thin films of silicon nanoparticles (nc-Si), deposited onto the front surface of single-crystal silicon solar cells, on their conversion efficiency is studied. The thin films are grown using non-luminescent silicon nanoparticles with an average diameter of 12 nm with SiOx (0 ≤ x ≤ 2) shells and silicon nanoparticles 2 nm in diameter with organic shells of octadecene, which exhibit photoluminescence in the red spectral region. It was found that nc-Si film deposition increases the solar-cell conversion efficiency by 12% with respect to the initial value. An analysis of the current-voltage characteristics and reflectance spectra of solar cells allows the conclusion that the increase in the conversion efficiency is controlled by the passivation of defects on the front surface of the solar cell by nanoparticles and a decrease in the light reflectance of this surface. © 2014 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.

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