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Wang L.,Research Institute of Forestry
JAOCS, Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society | Year: 2012

The potential for using Siberian apricot (Prunus sibirica L.) seed kernel oil as a source of biodiesel raw material is often overlooked when considering Siberian apricots as a greening tree in China. The aim of this research was to study and compare the oil content and fatty acid composition of 17 germplasm accessions in northern regions of China. Oil content ranged from 44.73 to 57.83 % with a mean of 50.18 % for the 17 accessions. In AS-080, AS-013, AS-017 and AS-027, oil contents were higher than 55 %. Percentages of fatty acids varied greatly among different accessions, but all the accessions contained high amounts of important oleic acid. The biodiesel properties of the Siberian apricot seed kernels oil methyl ester were determined and compared to the relevant specifications from the ASTM D6751-2003, EN 14214-2005 and GB/T 20828-2007. In general, germplasm accession PS-80 has been identified as the ideal feedstock for biodiesel production while germplasm accessions PS-17 and PS-27 were found to be the promising feedstock for biodiesel production. © 2012 AOCS. Source

Yue D.,Beijing Forestry University | Wang J.,Chinese Academy of Forestry | Zhou J.,Research Institute of Forestry | Chen X.,Beijing CNNC Institute of Surveying and Mapping Co. | Ren H.,Beijing Forestry University
Mining Science and Technology | Year: 2010

An ILRIS-36D 3-D laser image scanning system was used to monitor the Anjialing strip mine slope on Pingshuo in Shanxi province. The basic working principles, performance indexes, features and data collection and processing methods are illustrated. The point cloud results are analyzed in detail. The rescale range analysis method was used to analyze the deformation characteristics of the slope. The results show that the trend of slope displacement is stable and that the degree of landslide danger is low. This work indicates that 3-D laser image scanning can supply multi-parameter, high precision real time data over long distances. These data can be used to study the distortion of the slope quickly and accurately. © 2010 China University of Mining and Technology. Source

Han L.,Research Institute of Forestry | Gao Y.,North Dakota State University | Li D.,North Dakota State University
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Turfgrass nutrient uptake may be differentially affected by different salts. The objective of this study was to compare nutrient uptake in tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) as affected by carbonate, chloride, and sulfate under isoosmotic, iso-Na+ strength conditions. 'Tar Heel II' and 'Wolfpack' cultivars were subjected to NaCl, Na2CO3, Na 2SO4, CaCl2, NaCl+ CaCl2, Na 2CO3+ CaCl2, and Na2 SO4+ CaCl2, in the range of 0 to 225 mM. There was no cultivar difference regarding K, Na, Mg, and Mn content in shoots. 'Tar Heel II' had higher shoot Ca content than 'Wolfpack', which were 6.9 and 5.7 g kg-1, respectively. In general, K+/Na+ ratio decreased with increasing salt concentrations, which reached <1 at about 87.5 mM in Na 2CO3 treatment. All salt treatments decreased Mg content in shoot tissues, especially in Na2CO3 and treatments containing CaCl2. Both Ca and Mg content in shoot were higher in the NaCl treatment than the Na2SO4 and Na2CO 3 treatments. All salt treatments except Na2CO3 had higher Mn content in shoots compared to the control. In conclusion, nutrient uptake was differently affected by carbonate, chloride, and sulfate which are different in pH, electrical conductivity (EC), and osmotic potential at the same concentration. Adding Ca to the sodium salts increased Ca content and balanced K+/Na+ in shoots, but did not increase Mg content, which was below sufficient level. Maintaining Mg content in shoots under salinity stress was recommended. The physiological impact of elevated Mn content in shoot under salinity stress requires further study. © 2014 Han et al. Source

Huang S.,Chinese Academy of Forestry | Wang B.J.,FPInnovations Wood Products | Lu J.,Chinese Academy of Forestry | Lei Y.,Research Institute of Forest Resource Information Techniques | And 2 more authors.
BioResources | Year: 2012

This is the second part of a large research initiative aimed at characterizing Changbai larch (Larix olgensis Henry) for veneer and high-valued product potential. The objective of this work was to investigate the effect of the tree growth characteristics, particularly diameter at breast height (DBH) and radial growth from pith (or peeler core) to bark on clear wood and veneer properties. A population of 36 trees was chosen and classified into three DBH classes, namely 20, 25, and 30 cm, and crosscut into six segments each along the vertical stem. With the entire veneer ribbon peeled from the pith to bark for each segment, the effect of sapwood and heartwood on wood properties was revealed. The tree DBH and height were moderately and positively correlated. The tree DBH significantly affected properties of both clear wood and veneer in a similar pattern. For the larch veneer population, veneer mean ultrasonic propagation time (UPT) and density decreased but veneer mean dynamic modulus of elasticity (MOE) increased from the heartwood to sapwood or from the pith to bark. Among the three DBH classes, the 25 cm DBH yielded the highest mean veneer density and MOE, followed by the 20 cm DBH and 30 cm DBH. This was found to be caused by the radial evolution of veneer properties from the pith to bark in combination with the variation of veneer yield and stem position. Source

Huang S.,Chinese Academy of Forestry | Wang B.J.,FPInnovations Wood Products | Lu J.,Chinese Academy of Forestry | Dai C.,FPInnovations Wood Products | And 2 more authors.
BioResources | Year: 2012

Changbai larch (Larix olgensis Henry) is one of the main plantation species in the northern part of China, but so far its utilization has been limited to solid wood, pulping, and paper products. As part of a national initiative, the objective of this work was to develop a good understanding concerning how stand management practices affect larch wood and veneer properties. To cope with the variation of initial and final stand density, the term "relative thinning intensity (RTI)" was introduced to describe the effect of stand thinning on the resulting wood and veneer properties. Nine representative sample trees each from four stands were harvested, then trimmed and bucked. Six 1.25 m long bolts along the entire tree stem were systematically cut to peel 2.6 mm thick veneers. Clear wood specimens were also sawn from matched bolts for mechanical testing for the purpose of comparison and validation. The correlation between the main tree variables and properties of clear wood and veneer was analyzed, and the influence of RTI on key wood and veneer properties was examined and compared. A good correlation was found in density and modulus of elasticity (MOE) between larch clear wood and veneer, giving an R2 of 0.75 and 0.71, respectively. This indicates that veneering can be potentially used to characterize this larch species. The stand with the lowest RTI had the shortest rotation but yielded the best properties of both clear wood and veneer, which highlights the importance of stand management in terms of thinning. Source

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