Blokhina Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology

Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia

Blokhina Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology

Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia
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Filatova E.N.,Blokhina Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology | Anisenkova E.V.,Blokhina Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology | Presnyakova N.B.,Blokhina Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology | Kulova E.A.,Nizhny Novgorod State Medical Academy | Utkin O.V.,Nizhny Novgorod State Medical Academy
Russian Journal of Infection and Immunity | Year: 2017

Infectious mononucleosis is a widespread disease caused by certain members of Herpesviridae family. Acute infectious mononucleosis develops predominantly in children and is accompanied by an increase of the number of circulating naive CD4+ and naive CD8+ T-lymphocytes in the peripheral blood. The normalization of immunological parameters is achieved within 4-6 months after recovery and that is an indicator of a proper functioning of the immune system. CD95 and DR3 death receptors are involved in the initiation of apoptosis of naive T-lymphocytes in healthy people and in patients with infectious mononucleosis. The aim of the study was to evaluate the ability of CD95 and DR3 receptors to initiate apoptosis of naive CD4+ and naive CD8+ T-lymphocytes in children with infectious mononucleosis during convalescence. The material for the study was the samples of the peripheral blood of children who previously had infectious mononucleosis. The blood sampling was carried out again after 4-6 months after the disease. At the time of the study, children did not display clinical and laboratory signs of infectious mononucleosis. Same children who were examined earlier in the period of the development of acute infectious mononucleosis, as well as relatively healthy children were used as the comparison groups. Isolation of naive CD4+ and naive CD8+ T-lymphocytes was performed by negative magnetic immunoseparation. For specific stimulation of CD95 and DR3 receptors monoclonal antibodies were used. The level of apoptosis and expression of death receptors were evaluated by flow cytometry. Freshly isolated cells were analyzed, as well as cells cultured with the addition of appropriate monoclonal antibodies. It was shown that the recovery period was accompanied by increased apoptosis of freshly isolated naive CD4+ and naive CD8+ T-lymphocytes compared with the acute phase of infectious mononucleosis. Thus in both populations of naive T-cells showed an increase of CD95+ cells' susceptibility to apoptosis. CD95 stimulation in the cell culture did not lead to the change in the level of apoptosis of naive CD4+ and naive CD8+ T-lymphocytes. The freshly isolated naive CD4+ and naive CD8+ T-lymphocytes DR3+ cells were resistant to apoptosis, and in the process of cultivating their sensitivity varied depending on the subpopulation belonging. Thus in the culture of naive CD4+ T-lymphocytes DR3 was not involved in the transfer of pro-apoptotic signal. In the culture of naive CD8+ T-lymphocytes DR3+ cells were possible to increase the apoptosis of DR3-negative cells. At the same time the DR3 activation by monoclonal antibodies in the culture caused the death of DR3+ naive CD8+ T-lymphocytes that naturally associated with decreased proapoptotic activity of these cells and resulted in inhibition of apoptosis of total pool of naive CD8+ T-lymphocytes. Thus, the functional ability of CD95 and DR3 receptors to trigger an apoptosis of naive T-lymphocytes in children during convalescence of infectious mononucleosis varied and depended on their belonging to naive CD4+ or naive CD8+ T-lymphocytes.


Filatova E.N.,Blokhina Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology | Anisenkova E.V.,Blokhina Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology | Presnyakova N.B.,Blokhina Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology | Utkin O.V.,Nizhny Novgorod State Medical Academy
Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica | Year: 2016

Acute infectious mononucleosis (AIM) is a widespread viral disease that mostly affects children. Development of AIM is accompanied by a change in the ratio of immune cells. This is provided by means of different biological processes including the regulation of apoptosis of naive T-cells. One of the potential regulators of apoptosis of T-lymphocytes is a death receptor 3 (DR3). We have studied the role of DR3 in the regulation of apoptosis of naive CD4+ (nTh) and CD8+ (nCTL) T-cells in healthy children and children with AIM. In healthy children as well as in children with AIM, the activation of DR3 is accompanied by inhibition of apoptosis of nTh. In healthy children, the stimulation of DR3 resulted in the increase in apoptosis of nCTL. On the contrary, in children with AIM, the level of apoptosis of nCTL decreased after DR3 activation, which is a positive contribution to the antiviral immune response. In children with AIM, nCTL are characterized by reduced level of apoptosis as compared with healthy children. These results indicate that DR3 can be involved in the reduction of sensitivity of nCTL to apoptosis in children with AIM. © 2016 Akadémiai Kiado, Budapest.


Golitsyna L.N.,Blokhina Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology | Zverev V.V.,Blokhina Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology | Novikova N.A.,Blokhina Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology | Fomina S.G.,Blokhina Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology | And 5 more authors.
Voprosy Virusologii | Year: 2013

A total of 5230 specimens from children with gastroenteritis collected in Nizhny Novgorod in 2006-2010 were screened for human parechoviruses (HPeV). HPeV were observed every year with mean frequency of 6.16%. The majority of HpeV (65.83%) was detected In children younger than 3 years. The typing of 71 detected HPeV with the use of partial sequencing of the VP3-VP1 region revealed the presence of HPeV1 (91.55%), HpeV6 (5.63%), HPeV3 (3.08%), HPeV4 (1.54%). HPeV1B was predominant among HPeV1, HPeV1A was identified rarely. Six stains of HPEV1 formed separate phylogenetic cluster, had sequence gomology with HPEV1A or HPeV1B not more than 88% and could be characterized as members of a separate genotype HPeV1.

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