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Fujioka K.,Okayama University | Gotoh H.,Okayama Prefectural Ibara Senior High School | Noumi T.,Okayama Prefectural Ibara Senior High School | Yoshida A.,Okayama Prefectural Ibara Senior High School | And 8 more authors.
Journal of General Plant Pathology | Year: 2015

d-Limonene induces expression of PDF1.2 gene and resistance against Colletotrichum higginsianum in Arabidopsis ecotype Col-0. The limonene-induced expression of PDF1.2 was diminished in jar1-1 (jasmonate resistant 1-1) plants, indicating that the response of Arabidopsis depends on jasmonic acid (JA)-regulated defense signaling pathway. In fact, systemic induction of PDF1.2 was confirmed when the Arabidopsis plants harboring the PDF1.2 promotor::GUS were exposed to limonene. A similar protective effect was also observed on Japanese mustard spinach (Brassica rapa var. perviridis) challenged with C. higginsianum, suggesting that plants are capable of recognizing gaseous limonene and activate disease resistance. © 2015, The Phytopathological Society of Japan and Springer Japan.

Hatakeyama K.,National Institute of Vegetable and Tea Science NIVTS | Horisaki A.,Tohoku Seed Co. | Horisaki A.,Ishikawa Agricultural Research Center | Niikura S.,Tohoku Seed Co. | And 6 more authors.
Genome | Year: 2010

The level of self-incompatibility (SI) is important to the purity of F1 seeds produced using the SI system of Brassica vegetables. To analyze the genetic basis of the level of SI, we generated an F2 population derived from a cross between a turnip inbred line showing a high level of SI and a Chinese cabbage inbred line showing a low level, and evaluated the level of SI under insect pollination in two years. We constructed a detailed linkage map of Brassica rapa from the F2 progeny, consisting of SSR, SNP, indel, and CAPS loci segregating into 10 linkage groups covering approximately 700 cM. Five quantitative trait loci (QTL) for high-level SI were identified. The phenotypic variation explained by the QTL ranged between 7.2% and 23.8%. Two QTL were detected in both years. Mapping of SI-related genes revealed that these QTL were co-localized with SLG on R07 and MLPK on R03. This is the first report of QTL for high-level SI evaluated under insect pollination in a Brassica vegetable. Our results could be useful for the marker-assisted selection of parental lines with a stable SI.

Toyoda K.,Okayama University | Kawakami E.,Okayama University | Nagai H.,Okayama University | Shiobara-Komatsu T.,Okayama University | And 5 more authors.
Journal of General Plant Pathology | Year: 2014

Ecto-apyrase(s) participates in cell-wall-associated defense through ATP hydrolysis. Here we analyzed Medicago truncatula genes through cDNA screening and in silico analyses against known databases. This study revealed seven genes, five of which (MtAPY1;1 to MtAPY1;5) are members of a legume-specific family, whereas two genes (MtAPY2;1 and MtAPY2;2) are close to those in other plants. Agrobacterium-based transient expression in Nicotiana benthamiana, combined with a c-myc epitope tag technology, confirmed that the MtAPY1;1 is a secreted protein. Transient expression of MtAPY1;1 in leaves of N. benthamiana restricted disease development by a virulent fungus, suggesting a role in disease resistance. © 2014 The Phytopathological Society of Japan and Springer Japan.

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