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Papi N.,Institute of Animal Science Research | Mostafa-Tehrani A.,Institute of Animal Science Research | Amanlou H.,University of Zanjan | Memarian M.,University of Zanjan
Animal Feed Science and Technology | Year: 2011

This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of using different dietary forage-to-concentrate ratios on growth performance and carcass characteristics of eighty Chall male fat-tailed lambs, averaging 165 ± 15 (SD) days of age and body weight of 38.4 ± 4.8 (SD) kg, randomly assigned to four diets containing alfalfa hay-to-concentrate ratios (DM basis) of 70:30 (C30), 50:50 (C50), 30:70 (C70), 10:90 (C90). Metabolizable energy (ME) contents were, 9.12. 9.96, 10.67, and 11.34. MJ/kg dry matter (DM) and crude protein (CP) contents were 143, 152, 161, and 174. g/kg for the C30, C50, C70, and C90 diets, respectively. Sixteen lambs (4 lambs/treatment) were slaughtered at the end of feeding period (84 days). Dry matter intake and feed conversion ratio (FCR) (i.e., kg. DM/kg. gain) decreased linearly (P<0.001) as concentrate level increased in the diet. However, a linear increase (P<0.001) for ME intake and a quadratic increase for average daily gain (ADG, P<0.001) and final body weight (P<0.01) were observed with increasing dietary concentrate. Slaughter weight, eye muscle area, and weights of lean, bone, neck, shoulder, rack-loin, leg, skin, head, lung, and spleen were not affected by the experimental diets. However, as dietary concentrate increased, a linear increase for dressing percentage, feet weight (P<0.001), and backfat thickness (P<0.02), a quadratic increase for empty body weight (EBW, P<0.02), weights of hot and cold carcass (P<0.001), subcutaneous fat (P<0.02), total fat (P<0.01), brisket-flank (P<0.04), and tail fat (P<0.001), a linear decrease for weights of liver (P<0.01), and heart (P<0.05), and a quadratic decrease for lean-to-fat ratio (P<0.02) were observed. This study indicates that in Chall fat-tailed lambs the increase of dietary concentrate (up to 700. g/kg) improves growth rate, FCR and dressing percentage with negative effect on carcass lean-to-fat ratio. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. Source

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