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Buchta S.,Research Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics | Federicova Z.,Research Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics
Agricultural Economics | Year: 2010

The paper analyzes the diversification into non-agricultural activities in the Slovak agriculture. it describes the diversification activities according to the Farm Structure Survey. in 2007, every third farm performed other gainful activities. The paper analyzes the public expenditures paid to the diversification in the pre-integration and post-integration period and reveals the covering of the beneficiaries in the past and new programming period. The conclusion presents the attitudes and opinions of the Diversification Measure beneficiaries connected with the evaluation of the implementing means and other aspects joined with the implementation of diversification activities within the sectoral programme documents.

Chrastinova Z.,Research Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics | Burianova V.,Research Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics
Agricultural Economics | Year: 2012

The article brings out the findings about economic efficiency of agriculture and its commodity sectors after the accession of Slovakia into the EU. The adoption of the CAP had a positive impact on the growth of the off-market and total income but at the same time, its production efficiency decreased and the production structure has changed. Less efficient sectors of the crop and livestock production declined. Regarding the aspect of financing of the agricultural sector, the European resources, mainly the direct payments, were determined. The total subsidies into agriculture increased in comparison with the pre-accession period. The volume of direct payments including the complementary national direct payments reached the maximum level in 2007, 2008 and 2009.

Buday S.,Research Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics | Cicova T.,Research Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics
Agricultural Economics (Czech Republic) | Year: 2014

Data on the transactions with agricultural land in 2012, based on the primary data from the Research Institute of Geodesy and Cartography in Bratislava, were evaluated according to the legal status of the buyer and also whether the legal person was a national of the Slovak Republic, or had been resident abroad. The results of the data analysis pointed out that in the selected twelve districts of the Slovak Republic in 2012, there were 55.75% of legal persons, 44.10% of natural persons and 0.15% of subjects without determining the legal form involved in the transactions with agricultural land. Legal persons were divided into two categories, i.e. the entities with the nationality of the Slovak Republic and the entities domiciled abroad. The results showed that in 2012, within the study sample of buyers of the farmland, there were 99.91% of legal persons having the nationality of the Slovak Republic, and only 0.09% was other legal persons from abroad. © 2014, Agricultural Economics. All rights reserved.

Krizova S.,Research Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics | Buday S.,Research Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics
Journal of Food and Nutrition Research | Year: 2015

The aim of this paper is to describe the economic factors affecting food consumption, including issues relating to selfsufficiency and land potential of Slovakia to ensure adequate food. Food habits and preferences in Slovakia are shaped by cultural traditions, personal availability and accessibility. In 2012, net household income and expenditure increased at a similar growth rate by 1.6%, and consumer expenditure increased by 2.0% in Slovakia. Food, beverage and tobacco expenditure increased (3.4%) with a faster rate of growth in expenditure for foods and non-alcoholic beverages compared to expenditure on alcoholic beverages and tobacco. The share of consumer spending on foods, beverages and tobacco, in total consumer expenditure increased to 28.0%. Excessive consumption, i.e. consumption above the re commended food allowances (RFA), were noted for pork and poultry meat. Insufficient consumption in terms of RFA were noted for beef, fruits, legumes, potatoes, milk and dairy products, fish, vegetables and cereals (flour). According to preliminary calculations, in terms of food self-sufficiency of Slovak population, areas of 10 485 km2 of arable land and 3 410 km2 of permanent grassland are necessary to cover food security, representing about 66% of currently registered agricultural soil in Land Parcel Information System (LPIS). © 2014 National Agricultural and Food Centre (Slovakia).

Matoskova D.,Research Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics
Agricultural Economics | Year: 2011

Significant price volatility has been observed at the world agri-food markets in these latter years. It has been caused by the triggers of the so-called market shocks that negatively influenced the stability of supply and demand of agri-food commodities. The contribution analyzes the causes of the price volatility incidence, it calls attention to the potential jeopardy of the price volatility transmission on the territory of Slovakia and it finds appropriate measures for its elimination. The price volatility of the Slovak agri-food commodities was reviewed pursuant to the variation coefficient calculation in three consecutive five-year intervals.

The contribution presents the modelling solution of the potential scenarios impact of the Common Agricultural Policy of the European Union after 2013 in the selected sectors of the Slovak Republic national economy. The solution is accomplished using the Computable General Equilibrium model with the emphasis on the productive and less favourable agricultural areas and the theoretical rents for agricultural land. If we take into consideration both pillars of the Common Agricultural Policy of the European Union, according to the modelling calculations in Slovak conditions the most favoured is the Conservative scenario, the Reference and the Flat Rate scenario are neutral and the least favourable is the Liberalisation scenario.

Buday S.,Research Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics
Agricultural Economics | Year: 2011

The article presents the results from the monitoring analyses of the buying/selling prices of agricultural land in accordance with the deposited contracts in the Real Estate Cadastre in years 2001-2008. Agricultural land sales, land areas and market prices are observed and evaluated under the size structure of the sold estates and their anticipated further utilization in the counties Dunajská Streda, Topoľčany, Rimavská Sobota, Liptovský Mikuláš, Michalovce and Svidník and for all observed counties as a whole. By data analyzing and evaluating of the agricultural land purchases/sales, there was taken into consideration the fact that the average price of the sold estates is to a large extent influenced by their size, location and the purpose of further utilisation. The estates of small area characterized as agricultural land are selling for the highest prices, but they already figure in the development studies and the land-use plans of the villages or they are regarded as building estates in the future. Therefore, the sold estates were divided into two categories in accordance with the expected further land utilization. As the estates for further agricultural utilization, there were considered the estates with the area above 1 hectare of agricultural land. In the case of smaller estates, it is assumed that they will be of building, recreational, sporting or other utilization after the landowner change.

The contribution is aimed at changes in the foreign trade of the Slovak Republic with agricultural and food products from 2004. The attention was paid to mutual relations of the imported and exported agricultural products. The contribution was supplemented by the comparison of the SR agri-food trade performance with the other EU member countries. To attain the objective, an unconventional methodical practice based on the calculation of trade balance per one inhabitant was used.

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