Research Institute for National Cancer Control and Evaluation

Goyang, South Korea

Research Institute for National Cancer Control and Evaluation

Goyang, South Korea
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Cho H.,Yonsei University | Nam B.-H.,Research Institute for National Cancer Control and Evaluation | Kim S.M.,Chonnam National University | Cho C.-H.,Keimyung University | And 4 more authors.
International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics | Year: 2014

Purpose A phase 2 study was completed by the Korean Gynecologic Oncologic Group to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of concurrent chemoradiation with weekly paclitaxel in patients with high-risk endometrial cancer. Methods and Materials Pathologic requirements included endometrial endometrioid adenocarcinoma stages III and IV. Radiation therapy consisted of a total dose of 4500 to 5040 cGy in 5 fractions per week for 6 weeks. Paclitaxel 60 mg/m 2 was administered once weekly for 5 weeks during radiation therapy. Results Fifty-seven patients were enrolled between January 2006 and March 2008. The median follow-up time was 60.0 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 51.0-58.2). All grade 3/4 toxicities were hematologic and usually self-limited. There was no life-threatening toxicity. The cumulative incidence of intrapelvic recurrence sites was 1.9% (1/52), and the cumulative incidence of extrapelvic recurrence sites was 34.6% (18/52). The estimated 5-year disease-free and overall survival rates were 63.5% (95% CI, 50.4-76.5) and 82.7% (95% CI, 72.4-92.9), respectively. Conclusions Concurrent chemoradiation with weekly paclitaxel is well tolerated and seems to be effective for high-risk endometrioid endometrial cancers. This approach appears reasonable to be tested for efficacy in a prospective, randomized controlled study. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Lim I.,Korea Cancer Center Hospital | Kim S.-K.,Research Institute and Hospital | Hwang S.-S.,Research Institute for National Cancer Control and Evaluation | Kim S.W.,Research Institute and Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Annals of Nuclear Medicine | Year: 2012

Objective: To investigate predictors for successful ablation and disease-free status after high-dose radioiodine therapy in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer. Methods: We enrolled 173 consecutive patients with differentiated thyroid cancer between November 2001 and December 2004 retrospectively (female 145, 46 ± 12 years). All patients underwent total thyroidectomy and I-131 ablative therapy (IAT) (3.7-5.4 GBq). The success or failure of ablation was assessed 6-9 months after the IAT with reference to undetectable thyroglobulin (Tg) and negative I-131 whole body scan (WBS). Afterward, the decision for disease-free status was evaluated using Tg and WBS (follow-up period after 1st IAT 7-81 months, median 43 months, criteria of disease-free: less than 10 ng/ml TSH-stimulated Tg or less than 2 ng/ml TSH-unstimulated Tg and/or negative WBS). Clinical and tumoral factors such as sex, age, pathologic type, the size of tumor, quantified cervical uptake in WBS1, pattern in WBS1, ablative therapy dose, AJCC stage, lymph node (LN) stage, Tg just before IAT (Tg1), and ablation status were assessed using logistic regression analyses. Results: There were 93 successful ablations (54 %). Significant predictors for the ablation failure were Tg1 (OR = 8.42; 95 % CI = 2.76-25.69; p < 0.0001), LN metastasis (OR = 3.05; 95 % CI = 1.11-8.37; p = 0.031), and quantified cervical uptake in WBS1 (OR = 4.95; 95 % CI = 1.07-22.88; p = 0.041). One hundred fifty-five patients were determined as disease-free after follow-up. All the eighteen patients with persistent disease were identified as ablation failure after first IAT. Significant predictors for the disease-free status were Tg1 (OR = 0.98; 95 % CI = 0.97-0.99; p = 0.028), tumor size (OR = 0.53; 95 % CI = 0.28-0.96; p = 0.044), and quantified cervical uptake in WBS1 (OR = 0.87; 95 % CI = 0.76-0.98; p = 0.024). Conclusions: The thyroglobulin and quantified cervical uptake in whole body scan are significant predictors for the successful ablation and disease-free status after follow-up. © 2012 The Japanese Society of Nuclear Medicine.

Hwangbo B.,Center for Lung Cancer | Lee G.-K.,Center for Lung Cancer | Lee H.S.,Center for Lung Cancer | Lim K.-Y.,Center for Lung Cancer | And 6 more authors.
Chest | Year: 2010

Objective: We performed this study to evaluate the role of transesophageal endoscopic ultrasound with bronchoscope-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-B-FNA) following endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) in the mediastinal staging of lung cancer. Methods: In this prospective study, we applied transbronchial and transesophageal ultrasonography using an ultrasound bronchoscope on patients with confirmed or strongly suspected potentially operable non-small cell lung cancer. Following EBUS-TBNA, EUS-B-FNA was used for mediastinal nodes that were inaccessible or difficult to access by EBUS-TBNA. The accessibility by EBUS-TBNA and EUS-B-FNA to mediastinal nodal stations having at least one node ≥5 mm was also checked. Results: In 150 patients, we performed EBUS-TBNA and EUS-B-FNA on 299 and 64 mediastinal nodal stations, respectively. Among 143 evaluable patients, EBUS-TBNA diagnosed mediastinal metastasis in 38 patients. EUS-B-FNA identified mediastinal metastasis in three additional patients. Surgery diagnosed mediastinal metastasis in four more patients. The sensitivity, negative predictive value, and diagnostic accuracy of EBUS-TBNA in the detection of mediastinal metastasis were 84.4%, 93.3%, and 95.1%, respectively. These values for the combined approach of EBUS-TBNA and EUS-B-FNA increased to 91.1%, 96.1%, and 97.2%, respectively, although the differences were not statistically significant (P = .332, P = .379, and P = .360, respectively). Among 473 mediastinal nodal stations having at least one node ≥5 mm that were evaluated, the proportion of accessible mediastinal nodal stations by EBUS-TBNA was 78.6%, and the proportion increased to 84.8% by combining EUS-B-FNA with EBUS-TBNA (P = .015). Conclusion: Following EBUS-TBNA in the mediastinal staging of potentially operable lung cancer, the accessibility to mediastinal nodal stations increased by adding EUS-B-FNA and an additional diagnostic gain might be obtained by EUS-B-FNA. Trial, NCT00741247. © 2010 American College of Chest Physicians.

Park J.Y.,Research Institute and Hospital | Ryu K.W.,Research Institute and Hospital | Eom B.W.,Research Institute and Hospital | Yoon H.M.,Research Institute and Hospital | And 8 more authors.
Annals of Surgical Oncology | Year: 2014

Background. There is no consensus on the optimal method of primary tumor control, determined by preoperative clinical factors, during sentinel node (SN) navigation surgery for early gastric cancer (EGC). In this study, we investigated the accuracy of clinical diagnosis based on preoperative examination in patients with EGC and proposed surgical options for primary tumor control during SN navigation surgery. Methods. We analyzed 815 patients with clinical stage IA gastric cancer who underwent gastrectomy at the National Cancer Center in Korea between March 2001 and February 2011. The clinical stage was determined by endoscopy, endoscopic ultrasonography, and abdominal computed tomography. Results. The preoperative assessment of tumor depth and tumor size was accurate in 57.5 and 70.8 % of patients, respectively. Tumor depth and size were underestimated in 8 and 25.3 % of patients. The overall accuracy of histologic diagnosis by endoscopic biopsy was 87.2 %. Of those tumors diagnosed preoperatively as differentiated, 20.5 % revealed mixed histology of undifferentiated type. Conclusions. The recommendation for SN biopsy may be limited to tumors sized 3 cm or smaller to avoid positive lateral margins and to minimize the risk of skip metastases. Endoscopic resection may safely be applied to small mucosal cancers, but other surgical options should be employed for undifferentiated large mucosal lesions, given their tendency for diffuse invasion. Full-thickness resection is preferable for submucosal cancers, to secure clear vertical margins. © 2013 Society of Surgical Oncology.

Kang H.J.,Research Institute and Hospital | Hwangbo B.,Research Institute and Hospital | Lee G.-K.,Research Institute and Hospital | Nam B.-H.,Research Institute for National Cancer Control and Evaluation | And 6 more authors.
Thorax | Year: 2014

Background: The impact of procedure sequence and primary procedure has not been studied in the combined application of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) and endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) in lung cancer staging. Methods: In a randomised controlled trial, 160 patients with histologically confirmed or strongly suspected potentially operable non-small cell lung cancer were enrolled (Group A, n=80, EBUS-centred; Group B, n=80, EUS-centred). EBUS-TBNA and EUS-FNA with an ultrasound bronchoscope were used as the first procedures in Groups A and B, respectively, and secondary procedures (EUS-FNA in Group A, EBUS-TBNA in Group B) were added. Results: Diagnostic values were evaluated in 148 patients (74 in each group). In Groups A and B the diagnostic accuracy (93.2% (95% CI 87.5% to 99.0%) vs 97.3% (95% CI 93.6% to 101.0%), p=0.245) and sensitivity (85.3% (95% CI 68.9% to 95.0%) vs 92.0% (95% CI 74.0% to 99.0%), p=0.431) in detecting mediastinal metastasis were not statistically different. In Group A, adding EUS-FNA to EBUS-TBNA did not significantly increase the accuracy (from 91.9% to 93.2%, p=0.754) or sensitivity (from 82.4% to 85.3%, p=0.742). In group B, adding EBUS-TBNA to EUS-FNA increased the accuracy (from 86.5% to 97.3%, p=0.016) and sensitivity (from 60.0% to 92.0%, p=0.008). There were no intergroup differences in procedure time, cardiorespiratory parameters during procedures, complications or patient satisfaction. Conclusions: Using a combination of EBUS-TBNA and EUS-FNA in mediastinal staging, we found that diagnostic values and patient satisfaction were not different between the EBUS-centred and EUS-centred groups. However, the necessity for EBUS-TBNA following EUS suggests that EBUS-TBNA is a better primary procedure in endoscopic mediastinal staging of potentially operable lung cancer.

Lee D.-C.,University of South Carolina | Park I.,Seoul National University | Jun T.-W.,Seoul National University | Nam B.-H.,Research Institute for National Cancer Control and Evaluation | And 3 more authors.
American Journal of Epidemiology | Year: 2012

The authors examined the independent and combined associations of physical activity and obesity with incident type 2 diabetes among 675,496 Korean men from the database of the National Health Insurance Corporation. During an average follow-up of 7.5 years (1996-2005), 52,995 men developed type 2 diabetes. Men with overweight, obese I, and obese II classifications had 1.47, 2.05, and 3.69 times higher risk of type 2 diabetes, respectively, compared with normal weight men, and men with low, medium, and high activity had 5%, 10%, and 9% lower risk of type 2 diabetes, respectively, compared with inactive men after adjustment for confounders and physical activity or body mass index for each other. Overweight and obesity were detrimental within all activity categories, and meeting the activity recommendations (medium and high activity) was beneficial at all body mass index levels. Meeting the activity recommendations appeared to attenuate some negative effects of overweight or obesity, and the increased risk of type 2 diabetes due to inactivity was lower in normal weight men. Both preventing overweight or obesity and increasing physical activity are important to reduce the global epidemic of type 2 diabetes, regardless of body weight and activity levels. © The Author 2012. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. All rights reserved.

Park I.H.,Center for Breast Cancer | Ro J.,Center for Breast Cancer | Lee K.S.,Center for Breast Cancer | Kim S.N.,Center for Clinical Trials | And 2 more authors.
Investigational New Drugs | Year: 2010

Summary: Background No clear data are available concerning the superiority of combination chemotherapy to sequential therapy using agents beyond 1st or 2nd line chemotherapy for treating patients with metastatic breast cancer. Methods Patients were randomized to receive a combination of gemcitabine and vinorelbine or gemcitabine until disease progression followed by vinorelbine monotherapy. Quality of life was assessed using EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaires. Results Forty-two patients were randomized to the combination arm and 40 were randomized to the sequential arm. Baseline characteristics were well balanced between the arms. The median number of chemotherapy cycles was 4 (range, 1-23) for the combination arm and 6 (range, 1-25) for the sequential arm. Patients receiving combination therapy had a higher composite response rate (26.8% vs. 12.5%; P=0.106) but a shorter median time to treatment failure (3.6 vs. 4.4 months, P=0.252) as compared to patients receiving sequential monotherapy. Median overall survival for the combination and sequential arms was 10.6 months and 8.9 months, respectively (P=0.436). Toxicities were manageable and similar in both arms. Quality of life measurements in global health, role, and social function were superior in the combination arm (P<0.05). Conclusions Combined gemcitabine and vinorelbine therapy appears comparable to sequential monotherapy for heavily pretreated patients with metastatic breast cancer as demonstrated by improved quality of life outcomes with similar therapeutic efficacies and incidences of adverse events. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

Lee J.H.,National Cancer Center | Choi I.J.,National Cancer Center | Kook M.C.,National Cancer Center | Nam B.-H.,Research Institute for National Cancer Control and Evaluation | And 2 more authors.
British Journal of Surgery | Year: 2010

Background: Early gastric cancer with signet ring cell histology has been reported as a favourable histological type. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors associated with lymph node metastasis in patients with this type of early gastric cancer. Methods: A cross-sectional study of patients with early gastric cancer with differentiated and signet ring cell histology undergoing surgery was conducted. Risk factors were evaluated using multiple logistic regression analysis with odds ratios and 95 per cent confidence intervals. Results: In 1362 patients undergoing gastrectomy for early gastric cancer, the rate of lymph node metastasis was similar for tumours with signet ring cell and differentiated histological findings (10.7 versus 9.0 per cent respectively; P = 0.307). Logistic regression analysis showed that depth of tumour invasion was predictive of lymph node metastasis in patients with signet ring cell histology (P < 0.001). Tumour size was not associated with lymph node metastasis in either univariable or multivariable analysis. Lesions smaller than 2 cm were not uncommon in patients with signet ring cell gastric tumours and lymph node metastases (six of 48; 13 per cent). Conclusion: Patients with early gastric cancer with signet ring cell-type histology are probably best treated by gastrectomy with lymph node dissection. Copyright © 2010 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd.

Eom B.W.,Research Institute for National Cancer Control and Evaluation | Joo J.,Research Institute for National Cancer Control and Evaluation | Kim Y.-W.,Research Institute for National Cancer Control and Evaluation | Reim D.,Research Institute for National Cancer Control and Evaluation | And 5 more authors.
Surgery (United States) | Year: 2014

Background Extended lymph node dissection in gastric cancer (D3) was proven to have no survival benefit compared with a D2 dissection, but whether adding the superior mesenteric nodes (No. 14v) to the dissection provides survival benefit for gastric cancer patients remains controversial. Methods From April 2001 to June 2007, 1,661 patients underwent curative resection for middle or lower third gastric cancer. Patients were grouped according to No. 14v lymphadenectomy (14vD+/14vD-). Clinicopathologic characteristics and treatment-related factors were compared between the groups. Overall survival according to the clinical stage (Union for International Cancer Control tumor-node-metastasis staging 6th edition) was analyzed using the Cox proportional hazard model. Results The incidence of No. 14v lymph node metastasis was 5.0%. There was no difference in morbidity or mortality between the 14vD+ and the 14vD- groups. The proportion of locoregional recurrence was greater in 14vD- group (P =.018). In clinical stages I and II, 14v lymph node dissection did not affect overall survival; in contrast, 14v lymph node dissection was an independent prognostic factor in patients with clinical stage III/IV gastric cancer (hazard ratio, 0.58; 95% confidence interval, 0.38-0.88; P =.01). Conclusion Extended D2 gastrectomy including No. 14v lymph node dissection seems to be associated with improved overall survival of patients with clinical stage III/IV gastric cancer in the middle or lower third of the stomach. © 2014 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

PubMed | Research Institute for National Cancer Control and Evaluation, Center for Liver Cancer, Cancer Therapy and Research Center and National Cancer Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Pancreatology : official journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et al.] | Year: 2016

Weight loss in pancreatic cancer is associated with maldigestion due to pancreatic duct obstruction. Pancreatic exocrine replacement therapy (PERT) may significantly improve fat and protein absorption.This prospective, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled phase II trial assessed whether PERT could reduce or prevent weight loss in patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer.Sixty seven patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer were randomized to receive enteric coated PERT, consisting of 6-9 capsules of pancreatin (457.7 mg/capsule), or placebo. Patients took two capsules each three times daily during main meals and one capsule each up to three times daily when having between-meal snacks. The primary endpoint was the percentage change in body weight at eight weeks.The mean percentage change in body weight (1.49% [1.12kg] vs. 2.99% [1.63kg], P=0.381) and the mean percent change in Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) score (8.85% vs. 15.69%, p=0.18) did not differ significantly between the PERT and placebo groups. There was no improvement in quality of life and overall survival did not differ significantly between the PERT and placebo groups (5.84 months vs 8.13 months, p=0.744).PERT did not reduce weight loss in patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer. Larger randomized trials are needed to identify those patients who may benefit from Number NCT01587534.

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