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Azuma K.,Neurology and Rheumatology | Nakanishi Y.,Research Institute for Diseases of the Chest | Okamoto I.,Research Institute for Diseases of the Chest
Cancer | Year: 2016

BACKGROUND: Bevacizumab combined with platinum-based chemotherapy has been established as a standard treatment option in the first-line setting for advanced nonsquamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, there has been no evidence to support the use of bevacizumab beyond disease progression in such patients. METHODS: West Japan Oncology Group 5910L was designed as a multicenter, open-label, randomized, phase 2 trial of docetaxel versus docetaxel plus bevacizumab every 3 weeks for patients with recurrent or metastatic nonsquamous NSCLC whose disease had progressed after first-line treatment with bevacizumab plus a platinum-based doublet. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). RESULTS: One hundred patients were randomly assigned to receive docetaxel (n=50) or docetaxel plus bevacizumab (n=50), and this yielded median PFS times of 3.4 and 4.4 months, respectively, with a hazard ratio (HR) of 0.71 and a stratified log-rank P value of .058, which met the predefined criterion for statistical significance (P<.2). The median overall survival also tended to be longer in the docetaxel plus bevacizumab group (13.1 months; 95% confidence interval [CI], 10.6-21.4 months) versus the docetaxel group (11.0 months; 95% CI, 7.6-16.1 months) with an HR of 0.74 (95% CI, 0.46-1.19; stratified log-rank P=.11). No unexpected or severe adverse events were recorded. CONCLUSIONS: Further evaluation of bevacizumab beyond disease progression is warranted for patients with advanced NSCLC whose disease has progressed after treatment with bevacizumab plus a platinum-based doublet. © 2016 American Cancer Society.

Matsunaga Y.,Research Institute for Diseases of the Chest | Fukuyama S.,Research Institute for Diseases of the Chest | Okuno T.,Juntendo University | Asai Y.,Research Institute for Diseases of the Chest | And 10 more authors.
FASEB Journal | Year: 2013

Leukotriene B4 (LTB4) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of allergic diseases. BLT2, a low-affinity LTB4 receptor, is activated by LTB4 and 12(S)-hydroxyheptadeca-5Z,8E,10E-trienoic acid (12-HHT). Although the high-affinity LTB4 receptor BLT1 has been shown to exert proinflammatory roles, the role of BLT2 in allergic inflammation has not been clarified. To study the function of BLT2 in development of asthma, we used mice model of ovalbumin (OVA)-induced allergic airway disease. The 12-HHT levels were elevated in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluids of OVA-sensitized/challenged wild-type mice. BLT2-deficient mice exhibited enhanced eosinophilia in BAL fluids after OVA exposure. Interleukin (IL)-13 levels in BAL fluids and IL-13-producing CD 4+ T cells in the lungs were elevated in BLT2-deficient mice compared to wild-type mice, whereas the levels of IL-4, IL-5, and interferon (IFN) in BAL fluids and serum OVA-specific IgE were comparable. Transfection of BLT2-specific small interfering RNA enhanced IL-13 production in CD4+ T cells in vitro. Expression of BLT2 mRNA in CD4+ T cells was significantly reduced in patients with asthma compared to healthy control subjects. These findings indicate that BLT2 has a protective role in allergic airway inflammation and that diminished BLT2 expression in CD4+ T cells may contribute to the pathophysiology of asthma. © FASEB.

Kang J.-H.,Japan National Cardiovascular Center Research Institute | Mori T.,Center for Future Chemistry | Niidome T.,Center for Future Chemistry | Takayama K.,Research Institute for Diseases of the Chest | And 4 more authors.
Anticancer Research | Year: 2013

Background: Recently, we reported on the existence of activated protein kinase Cα (PKCα) in blood and the possibility for its use in cancer diagnosis. Materials and Methods: In the present study, serum samples collected from patients with different lung cancer types (small-cell cancer, adenocarcinoma, and anaplastic cancer) were phosphorylated with a PKCα-specific peptide substrate and the phosphorylation ratio was detected by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Results: When 13 patient serum samples were phosphorylated with peptide substrates, phosphorylated peaks were obtained in eight samples. However, no peak associated with the phosphorylated peptide was observed using serum samples obtained from 10 healthy persons. Moreover, broadly used cancer biomarkers (progastrin-releasing peptide, carcinoembryonic antigen, and cytokeratin-19 fragment) were identified in eight samples among the 13 samples studied. Conclusion: These results suggest that serum activated PKCα is a reliable biomarker, applicable to lung cancer diagnosis. © 2013 Anticancer Research.

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