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Makarevich A.V.,Animal Production Research Center Nitra | Spalekova E.,Slovak University of Agriculture | Olexikova L.,Animal Production Research Center Nitra | Kubovicova E.,Animal Production Research Center Nitra | Hegedusova Z.,Research Institute for Cattle Breeding Ltd. Rapotin
Zygote | Year: 2014

Summary The aim of the study was to examine the effects of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) on ram sperm traits after hypothermic storage. Sperm ejaculates from Lacaune rams were diluted in a Tris extender, pooled, divided into groups of IGF-I doses tested (0, 10, 100 or 200 ng.ml-1) and stored (0-5°C) for 96 h. IGF-I elevated whole sperm motility as measured by a Computer-assisted Sperm Analyser (CASA) system, by 24 h (10 ng.ml -1) and 48 h (200 ng.ml-1) of storage, and by progressive movement on each day of storage. After 72 h the sperm samples were analysed for plasma membrane integrity (peanut agglutinin-fluorescein isothiocyanate), membrane stability (annexin V-Fluos) and apoptosis (Yo-Pro®-1) using fluorescence microscopy. The addition of IGF-I (at 100 or 200 ng.ml -1) reduced the ratio of sperm with disrupted membranes and the ratio of annexin V-labelled sperm. The ratio of apoptotic sperm was reduced by IGF-I given at 10 or 100 ng.ml-1 compared with control. Sperm fertilizing ability, determined at 48 h by an in vitro fertilization (IVF) test on bovine oocytes, was increased by IGF-I given at 100 ng.ml-1 from 47.0 to 67.7%. In conclusion, IGF-I maintained ram sperm functions following cooling storage and its effects were reflected in sperm fertilizing ability in vitro. © Cambridge University Press 2012. Source


Makarevich A.V.,Animal Production Research Center Nitra | Spalekova E.,Slovak University of Agriculture | Olexikova L.,Animal Production Research Center Nitra | Lukac N.,Slovak University of Agriculture | And 3 more authors.
General Physiology and Biophysics | Year: 2011

The aim of the study was to examine the effects of epidermal growth factor (EGF) on ram sperm traits following hypothermic storage. Fresh ram ejaculates were diluted in Triladyl extender, pooled and divided into groups according to EGF doses added (0, 100, 200 or 400 ng/ml). Following 72-96 h storage at 4°C, the spermatozoa were stained for a plasma membrane integrity (PNA-FITC), membrane phosphatidylserine (PS) translocation (annexin V-Fluos) and apoptosis (Yo-Pro-1), and analyzed by fluorescent microscopy. Sperm motility was measured using computer-assisted sperm analysis (CASA) and sperm fertilizing ability was tested using in vitro penetration/fertilization test on bovine prematured oocytes. EGF increased sperm motility at all doses tested, decreased the proportion of spermatozoa with damaged plasma membrane (at 200 or 400 ng/ml), and decreased the proportion of apoptotic (Yo-Pro-1) spermatozoa when given at 200 or 400 (but not 100) ng/ml. The proportion of spermatozoa with PS translocations (8.5%) was affected by neither of the EGF concentrations tested. However, fertilizing ability of ram sperm in the in vitro test was not improved by EGF (200 ng/ml). In summary, EGF when given at higher concentrations improved sperm viability and motility after cooling storage, but these effects were not reflected in sperm fertilizing ability in vitro. Source

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