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Davoudifar P.,Research Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics of Maragha RIAAM Maragha | Tabari K.R.,Research Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics of Maragha RIAAM Maragha
Journal of Physics: Conference Series

Deflection of Cosmic Ray charged particles under the influence of magnetic fields (Galactic and Extragalactic) causes a nearly isotropic distribution of their observed fluxes especially in lower energy ranges. Anyhow, as very high energy cosmic rays experience less deflections in their paths, they may point out the direction of their sources within a few degrees. We used a Galactic magnetic field model to study the possible Galactic sources of these cosmic rays. The propagation of cosmic rays in this Galactic magnetic field is simulated to estimate average deflection angles into their straight-line paths from their sources. Pulsars with suitable characteristics are selected and deflection regions around them are defined. Compared with the observational data (i.e. detected directions of observed CRs), the possibility of a Galactic origin of ultra high energy cosmic rays is examined. We defined deflection angles in terms of energies for sources in a distance d into center and anti-center directions. The probability of observing cosmic rays of di?erent energies from the direction of a source in a distance d is studied and the possibility of a pulsar origin of very high energy cosmic rays due to some recent models, is discussed. © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd. Source

Khodam-Mohammadi A.,Bu - Ali Sina University | Khodam-Mohammadi A.,Research Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics of Maragha RIAAM Maragha
Modern Physics Letters A

In this work, the PLECHDE model with Granda-Oliveros (G-O) IR-cutoff is studied. The evolution of dark energy density, deceleration and EoS parameters are calculated. I demonstrate that under a condition, our universe can accelerate near the phantom barrier at present time. We calculate these parameters also in PLECHDE at Ricci scale, when = 2 and β = 1, and a comparison between Ricci scale, G-O cutoff and non-corrected HDE without matter field with G-O cutoff is done. The correspondence between this model and some scalar field of dark energy models is established. By this method, the evolutionary treatment of kinetic energy and potential for quintessence, tachyon, K-essence and dilaton fields, are obtained. I show that the results has a good compatibility with previous work in the limiting case of flat, dark dominated and non-corrected holographic dark energy. © 2011 World Scientific Publishing Company. Source

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