Phuoc L.H.,Research Institute for Aquaculture No2 Ho Chi Minh City Vietnam |
Hu B.,Ghent University |
Wille M.,Ghent University |
Hien N.T.,Research Institute for Aquaculture No2 Ho Chi Minh City Vietnam |
And 5 more authors.
Journal of Fish Diseases | Year: 2015
This study was conducted to test the effect of DnaK on priming immune responses in Penaeid shrimp. Juvenile-specific pathogen-free (SPF) P. vannamei shrimp were injected with 0.05 μg recombinant DnaK. One hour post-DnaK priming, a non-lethal dose of Vibrio campbellii (105 CFU shrimp-1) was injected. Other treatments include only DnaK or V. campbellii injection or control with blank inocula. The haemolymph of three shrimp from each treatment was collected at 1.5, 6, 9 and 12 h post-DnaK priming (hpp). It was verified that injection with DnaK and V. campbellii challenge affected the transcription of 3 immune genes, transglutaminase-1 (TGase-1), prophenoloxidase-2 (proPO-2) and endogenous HSP70 (lvHSP70). In P. monodon, shrimp were first injected with DnaK at a dose of 10 μg shrimp-1 and one hour later with 106 CFU of V. harveyi (BB120) shrimp-1. Shrimp injected with DnaK showed a significant increase in proPO expression compared to the control (P < 0.05). Yet a double injection (DnaK and Vibrio) seemed to cause an antagonistic response at the level of expression, which was not equalled at the level of PO activity. Those results suggest that DnaK is able to modulate immune responses in P. vannamei and P. monodon. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.