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Sankt Josef (Weststeiermark), Austria

Heiss E.,Research Entomologist | Guilbert E.,CNRS Systematics, Biodiversity and Evolution Institute
Zootaxa | Year: 2013

From the Upper Cretaceous Burmese amber, the first known genera of Tingidae, Spinitingis n. gen. and Burmacader n. gen. with the species Spinitingis ellenbergeri n. sp. and Burmacader multivenosus n. sp., are described and figured. Their systematic placement and relationship to fossil and extant taxa are discussed. Copyright © 2013 Magnolia Press.

Heiss E.,Research Entomologist | Marchal L.,CNRS Systematics, Biodiversity and Evolution Institute
Zootaxa | Year: 2012

Nine genera and 19 species of apterous Mezirinae are recorded to date from Madagascar (Heiss 2012), all of them endem-ic. Cervinotaptera guilberti n. gen., n. sp. differs from all of them by the presence of two distinct thoracic evaporation structures and the horn of a stag-like process on pronotum. Copyright © 2012 Magnolia Press.

Dossey A.T.,Research Entomologist
Natural Product Reports | Year: 2010

Insects make up the largest and most diverse group of organisms on earth, with nearly 1 million species described and millions more estimated to remain undiscovered. Like all other organisms, insects and related arthropods mainly utilize chemistry to adapt to these environments in a wide variety of ways, such as for defense against predation or infection, communication and socialization, life cycle development, and surviving environmental conditions. Arthropods harbor a large variety of chemical substances used for these ecological adaptations, and this is the overarching theme of the field of chemical ecology. Progress in the field has advanced rapidly, and this comprehensive review summarizes the enormous potential for discovery of new natural products with medicinal value from among the phylum Arthropoda. This review: (1) introduces the topic of arthropod chemical biodiversity; (2) reviews cultural uses of arthropods as medicines; (3) provides an overview of insect chemical defense studies and modern natural product analytical methods; (4) describes examples from the literature of insect-derived substances with medicinally relevant biological properties; and (5) summarizes the aforementioned topics to emphasize the value of arthropods as reservoirs of potentially useful new natural products. © 2010 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

This paper deals with the revision of the flat bug genus Barcinus Stål 1873 recorded from the Oriental-Papuan Region. Newly available additional material and biogeographical considerations allowed the distinction of discrete species groups, which-in addition to the type genus Barcinus-are defined and proposed as Heterobarcinus n. gen., Papuabarcinus n. gen. and Brachybarcinus n. gen. The genus Barcinus remains monotypic, with the species horridus Stål 1873. To Heterobarcinus n. gen. is assigned the species bhoutanensis (Usinger &Matsuda 1959), kormilevi (Bai, Heiss &Cai 2006), schaeferi n. sp. (China, Fujian) and minor n. sp. (China, Yunnan). The genus Papuabarcinus n. gen. contains the species ceramensis (Usinger &Matsuda 1959), laminiferus (Walker 1873), papuensis (Usinger &Matsuda 1959), productus (Usinger &Matsuda 1959), truncatus (Kormilev 1955), riedeli n. sp. and intermedius n. sp. (both from Irian Jaya). For vietnamensis n. sp. (Vietnam, Southern China), secundus n. sp. (China, Fujian, Guangxi) and baianus n. sp. (China Yunnan) the new genus Brachybarcinus n. gen. is erected. Copyright © 2010 Magnolia Press.

A new genus of apterous Carventinae from the Malaysian mainland, Cameronaptera n. gen. with the species glabrinotum n.sp., is described and figured. Because of its habitus and abdominal structures, it is not related to any other Oriental Carventinae. Copyright © 2010.

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