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Jingade Anuradha H.,Central Sericultural Germplasm Resources Center | Vijayan K.,Research Coordination Section | Nair C.V.,Central Sericultural Germplasm Resources Center | Manjula A.,Central Sericultural Germplasm Resources Center
Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture | Year: 2013

The purity of DNA is one of the major factors affecting the success of Genomic studies. Nucleic acid isolation from polyphenol rich plants fail to produce good quality DNA or RNA as polyphenols adhere and interfere with DNA during isolation. An improvised, simple and inexpensive protocol has been developed for extracting genomic DNA from Mulberry (Morus spp.). The purity of the DNA as revealed by the ratios of absorbance at 260/280 nm (A 260/280) and 260/230 nm (A 260/230) was closer to 2.0. Genomic DNA analyzed for analytical applications like restriction digestion and PCR amplification with molecular markers viz., Inter Simple Sequence Repeats (ISSR), Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and Simple Sequence Repeat (SSR) primers further confirmed the purity of the DNA. A modified method of silver staining was employed for the resolution of SSR amplified products. Physiologically mature leaf was found more suitable for getting quality DNA in mulberry.

Tikader A.,Research Coordination Section | Vijayan K.,Research Coordination Section | Saratchandra B.,Research Coordination Section
European Journal of Entomology | Year: 2013

Muga silkworm (Antheraea assamensis Helfer) is endemic to Assam and adjoining areas in North-Eastern India, and naturally produces golden silk. From time immemorial, many ethnic and tribal groups have produced muga silk. Muga silkworms are mostly wild unlike the mulberry silkworm, which is completely domesticated. The muga silkworm is a single species with little genetic variation among populations, survives harsh climatic conditions and is subject to various diseases, pests and predators. Due to the high incidence of disease and natural enemies, and variations in climatic conditions, the production of muga silk has recently declined dramatically. In order to improve the productivity of this silkworm it is important to have a better knowledge of both its host plants and biology. Lack of knowledge of its genetics and host plants is a major bottleneck. This paper reviews various aspects of muga silkworm culture, including the availability of different populations, and methods used to select for improvement in survival, cocoon yield, disease resistance, conservation and egg production.

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