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The Pacific sardine (Sardinops sagax caeruleus) from Ensenada, Mexico, was exposed to two thermal regimes, cold (CR:13-18°C) and warm (WR:18-23°C) for 20 days. The thermal preference was studied using a gradient of temperatures, recording the preferred and avoided sites by the sardine. No significant differences among acclimation thermal regimes were observed for thermal preference. However, there was some difference for avoided temperatures showed by these two groups of sardine; 13.3-19.3°C was for CR and 16.9-22.3°C for WR. These results suggest that the studied sardine are able to survive within a thermal environment from 13.3 to 22.3°C, which shifts in the area delimited by San Francisco and Magdalena Bay. Source


Nino-Medina G.,Research Center En Alimentacion sarrollo Ciad Ac | Nino-Medina G.,Autonomous University of Nuevo Leon | Muy-Rangel D.,Research Center En Alimentacion sarrollo Ciad Ac | Gardea-Bejar A.,Research Center en Alimentacion y Desarrollo | And 5 more authors.
Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca | Year: 2015

The nutrimental composition and main nutraceutical components were determined in Chinese, Philippine, American, Hindu and Thai eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) types grown in Sinaloa, Mexico. Thai type showed the highest amount of protein (0.90%), crude (1.54%) and dietary (3.93%) fibre and the highest concentrations of total soluble phenolics (2049 mgCAE 100g-1) and chlorogenic acid (1700 mg 100g-1). Hindu type obtained the highest content of the minerals potassium (191.19 mg 100g-1), calcium (59.63 mg 100g-1), phosphorus (33.52 mg 100g-1), magnesium (28.96 mg 100g-1), manganese (0.44 mg 100g-1), zinc (0.78 mg 100g-1), in addition this eggplant type showed the highest levels of ascorbic acid (22 mg 100g-1). Philippine type showed the highest concentration in anthocyanins (161.10 mgC3GE 100g-1) and the highest levels of radical scavenging activity in DPPH (92.50% of inhibition) and ORAC (538.90 BmolTE g-1). Nutrient components with functional properties like biologically essential minerals, dietary fibre, ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and soluble phenols were found in higher amounts in the five eggplant types analyzed, as compared with reports from other parts in the world available in the literature. Source


Nino-Medina G.,Research Center En Alimentacion sarrollo Ciad Ac | Nino-Medina G.,Autonomous University of Nuevo Leon | Muy-Rangel D.,Research Center En Alimentacion sarrollo Ciad Ac | Gardea-Bejar A.,Research Center En Alimentacion sarrollo Ciad Ac | And 5 more authors.
Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca | Year: 2014

The nutrimental composition and main nutraceutical components were determined in Chinese, Philippine, American, Hindu and Thai eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) types grown in Sinaloa, Mexico. Thai type showed the highest amount of protein (0.90%), crude (1.54%) and dietary (3.93%) fibre and the highest concentrations of total soluble phenolics (2049 mgCAE 100g-1) and chlorogenic acid (1700 mg 100g-1). Hindu type obtained the highest content of the minerals potassium (191.19 mg 100g-1), calcium (59.63 mg 100g-1), phosphorus (33.52 mg 100g-1), magnesium (28.96 mg 100g-1), manganese (0.44 mg 100g-1), zinc (0.78 mg 100g-1), in addition this eggplant type showed the highest levels of ascorbic acid (22 mg 100g-1). Philippine type showed the highest concentration in anthocyanins (161.10 mgC3GE 100g-1) and the highest levels of radical scavenging activity in DPPH (92.50% of inhibition) and ORAC (538.90 μmolTE g-1). Nutrient components with functional properties like biologically essential minerals, dietary fibre, ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and soluble phenols were found in higher amounts in the five eggplant types analyzed, as compared with reports from other parts in the world available in the literature. Source

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