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Mateos J.,Institute Investigacion Biomedica INIBIC | Mateos J.,CSIC - Institute of Marine Research | Carneiro I.,Biobanco A Coruna | Corrales F.,Research Center en Medicina Aplicada | And 15 more authors.
Journal of Proteomics | Year: 2017

Analytical proteomics has experienced exponential progress in the last decade and can be expected to lead research studies on diagnostic and therapeutic biomarkers in the near future. Because the development of this type of analysis requires the use of a large number of human samples with a minimum of quality requirements, our objective was to identify appropriate indicators for quality control of plasma samples stored in biobanks for research in proteomics. To accomplish this, plasma samples from 100 healthy donors were obtained and processed according to the pre-analytical variables of: a) time delay for the first centrifugation of the original blood sample (4 or 24 h) and b) number of freeze/thaw cycles (1, 2 or 3) of the processed plasma samples. The analyses of samples were performed by different and complementary methods such as SPE MALDI-TOF, DIGE, shotgun (iTRAQ, nLC MALDI TOF/TOF) and targeted nLC MS/MS proteomic techniques (SRM). In general, because the distribution of proteins in all samples was found to be very similar, the results shown that delayed processing of blood samples and the number of freeze/thaw cycles has little or no effect on the integrity of proteins in the plasma samples. Significance The results of the present work indicate that blood proteins in plasma are broadly insensitive to such preanalytical variables as delayed processing or freeze/thaw cycles when analyzed at the peptide level. Although there are other studies related to protein stability of clinical samples with similar results, what is remarkable about our work is the large number of plasma samples examined and that our analyses assessed protein integrity by combining a wide set of complementary proteomic approaches performed at different proteomic platform participating laboratories that all yielded similar results. We believe our study is the most comprehensive performed to date to determine the changes in proteins induced by delayed sample processing and plasma freeze/thaw cycles. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.


Lopez-Iglesias P.,La Paz Hospital Research Institute | Alcaina Y.,La Paz Hospital Research Institute | Tapia N.,Max Planck Institute for Molecular Biomedicine | Sabour D.,Max Planck Institute for Molecular Biomedicine | And 11 more authors.
Antioxidants and Redox Signaling | Year: 2015

To study the mechanisms of pluripotency induction, we compared gene expression in pluripotent embryonic germ cells (EGCs) and unipotent primordial germ cells (PGCs). Results: We found 11 genes ≥1.5-fold overexpressed in EGCs. None of the genes identified was the Yamanaka genes but instead related to glycolytic metabolism. The prospect of pluripotency induction by cell metabolism manipulation was investigated by hypoxic culturing. Hypoxia induced a glycolytic program in PGCs in detriment of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation. We demonstrate that hypoxia alone induces reprogramming in PGCs, giving rise to hypoxia-induced EGC-like cells (hiEGLs), which differentiate into cells of the three germ layers in vitro and contribute to the internal cell mass of the blastocyst in vivo, demonstrating pluripotency. The mechanism of hypoxia induction involves HIF1α stabilization and Oct4 deregulation. However, hiEGL cannot be passaged long term. Self-renewal capacity is not achieved by hypoxia likely due to the lack of upregulation of c-Myc and Klf4. Gene expression analysis of hypoxia signaling suggests that hiEGLs have not reached the stabilization phase of cell reprogramming. Innovation and Conclusion: Our data suggest that the two main properties of stemness, pluripotency and self-renewal, are differentially regulated in PGC reprogramming induced by hypoxia. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 22, 205-223. © 2015 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.


Nunez-O'Mara A.,Research Center Cooperativa en Biociencias bio | Gerpe-Pita A.,Research Center Cooperativa en Biociencias bio | Pozo S.,Research Center Cooperativa en Biociencias bio | Carlevaris O.,Research Center Cooperativa en Biociencias bio | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Cell Science | Year: 2015

By controlling HIFα hydroxylation and stability, the prolyl hydroxylase domain (PHD)-containing proteins are essential to the maintenance of oxygen homeostasis; therefore these enzymes are tightly regulated. Small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) is a 10-kDa protein readily conjugated to lysine residues of the targeted proteins in a process termed SUMOylation. In this study, we introduce SUMO conjugation as a novel regulator of PHD3 (also known as EGLN3). PHD3 SUMOylation occurs at a cluster of four lysines at the C-terminal end of the protein. Furthermore, PHD3 SUMOylation by SUMO2 or SUMO3 contributes to PHD3-mediated repression of HIF1-dependent transcriptional activity. Interestingly, PHD3-SUMO conjugation does not affect PHD3 hydroxylase activity or HIF1α stability, providing new evidence for a dual role of PHD3 in HIF1 regulation. Moreover, we show that hypoxia modulates PHD3-SUMO conjugation and that this modification inversely correlates with HIF1 activation. PHD3 SUMOylation highlights a new and additional layer of regulation that is likely required to fine-tune HIF function. © 2015. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.


PubMed | Research Center Cooperativa en Biociencias bio
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of cell science | Year: 2015

By controlling HIF hydroxylation and stability, the prolyl hydroxylase domain (PHD)-containing proteins are essential to the maintenance of oxygen homeostasis; therefore these enzymes are tightly regulated. Small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) is a 10-kDa protein readily conjugated to lysine residues of the targeted proteins in a process termed SUMOylation. In this study, we introduce SUMO conjugation as a novel regulator of PHD3 (also known as EGLN3). PHD3 SUMOylation occurs at a cluster of four lysines at the C-terminal end of the protein. Furthermore, PHD3 SUMOylation by SUMO2 or SUMO3 contributes to PHD3-mediated repression of HIF1-dependent transcriptional activity. Interestingly, PHD3-SUMO conjugation does not affect PHD3 hydroxylase activity or HIF1 stability, providing new evidence for a dual role of PHD3 in HIF1 regulation. Moreover, we show that hypoxia modulates PHD3-SUMO conjugation and that this modification inversely correlates with HIF1 activation. PHD3 SUMOylation highlights a new and additional layer of regulation that is likely required to fine-tune HIF function.

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