Research Center Biomedica Of Occidente

Jalisco, Mexico

Research Center Biomedica Of Occidente

Jalisco, Mexico
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Morali G.,Umae Hospital Of Especialidades | Montes P.,Umae Hospital Of Especialidades | Gonzalez-Burgos I.,Research Center Biomedica Of Occidente | Gonzalez-Burgos I.,University of Guadalajara | And 3 more authors.
Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience | Year: 2012

Purpose: To analyze the cytoarchitectural characteristics of the remaining pyramidal neurons in the hippocampal CA1 subfield of rats, four months after global cerebral ischemia (GCI) and progesterone treatment. Methods: Dendritic arborization, and density and shape of the dendritic spines of CA1 pyramidal neurons in brains of intact rats, or rats submitted 120 days earlier to GCI and treatment with progesterone (8 mg/kg) or its vehicle, at 15 min, and 2, 6, 24, 48, and 72 h after the onset of reperfusion, were analyzed in samples processed by a modified Golgi method. Results: Few impregnated CA1 pyramidal neurons were identified in the ischemic vehicle-treated rats, with a short apical dendrite devoid of bifurcations and dendritic spines. In contrast, the remaining CA1 pyramidal neurons sampled from ischemic progesterone-treated rats showed sinuously branched dendrites with similar number of bifurcations and whole density of spines, and higher proportional density of mushroom spines than those in the intact group. Conclusions: These cytoarchitectural characteristics may underlie the long-term preservation of place learning and memory functions seen after ischemia and progesterone neuroprotective treatment, possibly compensating for the severe reduction in neuronal population. © 2012 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.

Zermeno-Rivera J.,Servicio Of Cirugia Reconstructiva Del Instituto Jalisciense Of Cirugia Reconstructiva Dr Jose Guerrerosantos | Gutierrez-Amavizca B.E.,Research Center Biomedica Of Occidente
Indian Journal of Surgery | Year: 2015

Brachial plexus avulsion results from excessive stretching and can occur secondary to motor vehicle accidents, mainly in motorcyclists. In a 28-year-old man with panavulsive brachial plexus palsy, we describe an alternative technique to repair brachial plexus avulsion and to stabilize and preserve shoulder function by transferring the contralateral spinal accessory nerve to the suprascapular nerve. We observed positive clinical and electromyographic results in sternocleidomastoid, trapezius, supraspinatus, infraspinatus, pectoralis, triceps, and biceps, with good outcome and prognosis for shoulder function at 12 months after surgery. This technique provides a unique opportunity for patients suffering from severe brachial plexus injuries and lacking enough donor nerves to obtain shoulder stability and mobility while avoiding bone fusion and preserving functionality of the contralateral shoulder with favorable postoperative outcomes. © 2013, Association of Surgeons of India.

Padilla-Camberos E.,Research Center istencia En Tecnologia seno Del Estado Of Jalisco | Zaitseva G.,CUCBA | Padilla C.,University of Guadalajara | Puebla A.M.,Research Center Biomedica Of Occidente
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2010

Epidemiological studies link increased garlic (Allium sativum) consumption with a reduced incidence of cancer in various human populations. Experimental carcinogenesis studies in animal models and in cell culture systems indicate that several allium-derived compounds exhibit inhibitory effects and that the underlying mechanisms may involve apoptosis. To provide a better understanding of the effects of allium derivatives regarding prevention of cancer, we examined antitumoral activity of allicin, a major component of garlic, in L5178Y lymphoma bearing mice. For in vitro studies, we utilized cell proliferation and apoptosis in the same tumor cell line. We found that allicin inhibited the growth of tumor cells at doses two fold superior to that in normal splenocytes. Allicin also induced apoptosis, and this was associated with an increase in caspase3 activity.

PubMed | Research Center Biomedica Of Occidente
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Revista de investigacion clinica; organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutricion | Year: 2017

Sepsis is characterized by an early systemic inflammation in response to infection. In the brain, inflammation is associated with expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines (e.g. tumor necrosis factor-, interleukin-1 and interleukin-6, among others) that may induce an overproduction of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species. The constitutive expression of cytokines in the brain is low, but may be induced by various stimuli, including lipopolysaccharide, which causes neuronal damage. Erythropoietin, among other effects, acts as a multifunctional neurotrophic factor implicated in neurogenesis, angiogenesis, vascular permeability, and immune regulation in the central nervous system. In an experimental model of endotoxic shock, we studied the neuroprotective capacity of erythropoietin in the rat hippocampus and compared with melatonin, a neurohormone with an important antioxidant and immunomodulatory effect.In 21-day-old male Wistar rats divided into eight groups, we administered by intraperitoneal injection lipopolysaccharide, erythropoietin, melatonin, or combinations thereof. The hippocampus was dissected and morphological (histological analysis) and biochemical (cytokine levels) studies were conducted.The number of dead neuronal cells in histological sections in groups treated with lipopolysaccharide was higher compared to the erythropoietin group. There was a greater decrease (70%) in interleukin-1 concentrations in rats with endotoxic shock that received erythropoietin compared to the lipopolysaccharide group.The neuronal cell loss caused by endotoxic shock and interleukin-1 levels were reduced by the administration of the hematopoietic cytokine erythropoietin in this experimental model.

Gallegos-Arreola M.P.,Laboratorios Of Genetica Molecular | Valencia-Rodriguez L.E.,Research Center Biomedica Of Occidente | Puebla-Perez A.M.,Laboratorio Of Inmunofarmacologia | Figuera L.E.,Hospital Of Gineco Obstetricia | Zuniga-Gonzalez G.M.,Laboratorios Of Mutagenesis
Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation | Year: 2012

Background/Aim: The TP53 tumor suppressor gene encodes the nuclear phosphoprotein p53, which plays an important role in cell cycle regulation, apoptosis, DNA repair and angiogenesis. The TP53 gene contains common genetic polymorphisms that influence gene activity. Clinical implications of TP53 polymorphisms have been reported for several diseases, including a variety of solid tumors and endometriosis. We evaluated the association of a TP53 duplication polymorphism with endometriosis. Methods: We evaluated the role of the TP53 16-bp duplication polymorphism by comparing the genotypes of 204 healthy women (controls with surgically excluded endometriosis) to the genotypes of 151 women with endometriosis in the Mexican population. Results: The observed genotype frequencies for controls and endometriosis patients were 0.5 and 5% for 16 bp+/+, 11 and 21% for 16 bp+/-, and 88.5 and 77% for 16 bp-/-, respectively. The odds ratio (OR) was 9.8 (95% CI 1.2-446.8; p = 0.01). The association was more evident when we compared the distribution of genotype 16 bp+/+ to genotype 16 bp+/-. In patients with moderate/severe endometriosis, the OR was 4.0 (95% CI 1.6-9.8; p = 0.003). Conclusion: Our data suggest that the 16-bp duplication polymorphism in TP53 contributes significantly to endometriosis susceptibility in the Mexican population. Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Schlessinger D.,Laboratory of Genetics | Garcia-Ortiz J.-E.,Research Center Biomedica Of Occidente | Forabosco A.,University of Modena and Reggio Emilia | Uda M.,CNR Institute of Neurogenetics and Neuropharmacology | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Andrology | Year: 2010

The discovery that the SRY gene induces male sex in humans and other mammals led to speculation about a possible equivalent for female sex. But females are proving to be more complicated. Several master genes appear to be autonomously involved, and female sex determination seems to remain relatively labile. Partial loss of function of the transcription factor FOXL2 leads to premature ovarian failure in women; and in animal models, Foxl2 is required for folliculogenesis as well as for maintenance, and possibly induction, of female sex determination. In the germ line, oocytes apparently form normally even in the absence of Foxl2, dependent on genes that include female-specific factors such as Fig-alpha, Nobox, etc. In the soma, ablation of Foxl2 or the independently expressed gene Wnt4 (likely downstream of Rspo1) can produce partial testis differentiation in XX mice, and the double knockout results in the formation of tubules and spermatogonia. This indicates that at least 2 autonomous ovarian pathways are required to antagonize testis differentiation in females, a finding that is being increasingly corroborated by studies in goats and nonmammalian vertebrates. In recent expression profiling of mouse ovaries that lack Foxl2 alone or in combination with Wnt4 or Kit/c-Kit, we found that following Foxl2 loss, early testis genes (including the downstream effector of Sry, Sox9) and several novel ovarian genes were consistently dysregulated during embryo-fetal development. The results support the proposal of dose-dependent Foxl2 function and antitestis action. A partial working model for somatic development and sex determination is presented in which Sox9 is a direct antagonist of Foxl2 in the supporting cell lineage. Copyright © American Society of Andrology.

Del Valle J.,University of Barcelona | Bayod S.,University of Barcelona | Camins A.,University of Barcelona | Beas-Zarate C.,Research Center Biomedica Of Occidente | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Alzheimer's Disease | Year: 2012

SAMP8 is a strain of mice with accelerated senescence. These mice have recently been the focus of attention as they show several alterations that have also been described in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. The number of dendritic spines, spine plasticity, and morphology are basic to memory formation. In AD, the density of dendritic spines is severely decreased. We studied memory alterations using the object recognition test. We measured levels of synaptophysin as a marker of neurotransmission and used Golgi staining to quantify and characterize the number and morphology of dendritic spines in SAMP8 mice and in SAMR1 as control animals. While there were no memory differences at 3 months of age, the memory of both 6- and 9-month-old SAMP8 mice was impaired in comparison with age-matched SAMR1 mice or young SAMP8 mice. In addition, synaptophysin levels were not altered in young SAMP8 animals, but SAMP8 aged 6 and 9 months had less synaptophysin than SAMR1 controls and also less than 3-month-old SAMP8 mice. Moreover, while spine density remained stable with age in SAMR1 mice, the number of spines started to decrease in SAMP8 animals at 6 months, only to get worse at 9 months. Our results show that from 6 months onwards SAMP8 mice show impaired memory. This age coincides with that at which the levels of synaptophysin and spine density decrease. Thus, we conclude that together with other studies that describe several alterations at similar ages, SAMP8 mice are a very suitable model for studying AD. © 2012 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.

Velasco-Ramirez S.F.,Research Center Biomedica Of Occidente | Rosales-Rivera L.Y.,Research Center Biomedica Of Occidente | Ramirez-Anguiano A.C.,University of Guadalajara | Bitzer-Quintero O.K.,Research Center Biomedica Of Occidente
Revista de Neurologia | Year: 2013

Introduction. The immune system and the peripheral and central nervous system are in constant communication by means of messengers and signalling molecules released, such as cytokines, neuropeptides, neurohormones and neuro-transmitters, among others. Seizures are defined as the transitory appearance of signs and symptoms that trigger an abnormally excessive neuronal activity in the brain. Following seizures the generation of a neuroinflammatory process has been observed to occur, with the consequent release of proinflammatory cytokines and inflammation-mediating molecules, which make the patient more prone to epilepsy. Aim. To offer evidence suggesting and supporting the role of cytokines in the appearance of seizures and in epilepsy, since these molecules have proven to have dual properties. Development. The central nervous system, by means of the blood-brain barrier, restricts the flow of activated cells and inflammation mediators released from the peripheral system towards the brain parenchyma. Moreover, there is also another series of mechanisms that contributes to the 'selective and modified' immunity of the central nervous system. The purpose of all this series of events is to limit the responses of the immune system at central level, although it has been shown that in the central nervous system they are permanently under the control and regulation of the immune system. Conclusions. Cytokines in epilepsy play a dual role with pro- and anti-convulsive properties. Seizures do not induce the expression of cytokines only inside the brain, but also peripherally. © 2013 Revista de Neurología.

Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia is a malignant disease characterised by proliferation and accumulation of mature B lymphocytes in bone marrow, blood, lymph nodes, and spleen. As part of its process of differentiation, immunoglobulin molecules of B cells, in addition to the characteristic rearrangements in their heavy and light chains, present a set of somatic mutations that greatly increase their diversity. The presence or absence of somatic mutations in the variable regions of the immunoglobulin gene in the malignant B-cells defines the aggressivenessand prognosis of the disease in individuals with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. © 2016 Sociedad Mexicana de Oncologia.

Gonzalez-Burgos I.,Research Center Biomedica Of Occidente
Neural plasticity | Year: 2012

Some selective estrogen receptor modulators, such as raloxifene and tamoxifen, are neuroprotective and reduce brain inflammation in several experimental models of neurodegeneration. In addition, raloxifene and tamoxifen counteract cognitive deficits caused by gonadal hormone deprivation in male rats. In this study, we have explored whether raloxifene and tamoxifen may regulate the number and geometry of dendritic spines in CA1 pyramidal neurons of the rat hippocampus. Young adult male rats were injected with raloxifene (1 mg/kg), tamoxifen (1 mg/kg), or vehicle and killed 24 h after the injection. Animals treated with raloxifene or tamoxifen showed an increased numerical density of dendritic spines in CA1 pyramidal neurons compared to animals treated with vehicle. Raloxifene and tamoxifen had also specific effects in the morphology of spines. These findings suggest that raloxifene and tamoxifen may influence the processing of information by hippocampal pyramidal neurons by affecting the number and shape of dendritic spines.

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