Time filter

Source Type

Oteo Revuelta J.A.,Research Center Biomedica Of La Rioja Cibir
Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiologia Clinica

To effect a structured review about what emerging zoonoses represent, we present the following aspects in a deliberately biased way: firstly, by way of introduction, we discuss certain concepts and characteristics common to the profile of an emergent agent; secondly, we comment on the factors that facilitate the emergence of zoonotic infections at present; and finally, we describe the surveillance, medical practice and laboratory work in this area. © 2010 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved. Source

Garrido A.,Hospital Clinico Universitario Lozano Blesa | Seral C.,Hospital Clinico Universitario Lozano Blesa | Seral C.,University of Zaragoza | Gude M.J.,Hospital Clinico Universitario Lozano Blesa | And 6 more authors.
Microbial Drug Resistance

Aim: Active surveillance of plasmid-mediated β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (PMBL-E) in fecal carriers in the hospital and in the community setting in a non-outbreak period of time. Methods: Patients were screened for carriage of Enterobacteriaceae resistant to expanded-spectrum cephalosporins and PMBL-E were characterized (extended-spectrum-β-lactamase [ESBL], plasmid-mediated AmpC β-lactamase [pAmpC], and carbapenemases) by PCR and sequencing. Results: The prevalence of ESBL and pAmpC carriers was 5.06% and 0.59%, respectively. Overall, CTX-M-like enzymes were the ESBL dominate enzymes (96.15%). The group CTX-M-9 was the most prevalent (81, 54%) [CTX-M-14 (74, 91.35%), CTX-M-9 (5, 6.17%), CTX-M-24 (1, 1.23%), and CTX-M-27 (1, 1.23%)] followed by the group CTX-M-1 (64, 42.67%) [CTX-M-15 (42, 65.63%), CTX-M-1 (13, 20.31%), CTX-M-32 (8, 12.5%), and CTX-M-3 (1, 1.56%)]. One CTX-M-10, one CTX-M-59, and three CTX-M-8 were also found. A very small representation of SHV or TEM ESBL enzymes was found (3.2% and 0.64%, respectively). pAmpC characterization revealed a predominance of CMY-2 (81.25%), followed by DHA-1 (18.75%). We did not detect the presence of carbapenemase producers. Conclusions: The prevalence of ESBL-producers from fecal carriers is stable in our area, but colonization by pAmpC producers has emerged recently as we have confirmed. Periodic active surveillance is useful to identify these human reservoirs and control the evolution of PMBL carriage in a community over time. © Copyright 2014, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2014. Source

Arana D.M.,Hospital Universitario Of Getafe | Rojo-Bezares B.,Research Center Biomedica Of La Rioja Cibir | Torres C.,Research Center Biomedica Of La Rioja Cibir | Torres C.,University of La Rioja | Alos J.I.,Hospital Universitario Of Getafe
Revista Espanola de Quimioterapia

We characterize the mechanisms implicated in an unusual phenotype of resistance to macrolides-lincosamides (no halos of inhibition around clindamycin and lincomycin discs, and a 15 mm halo around erythromycin disc) in a Streptococcus agalactiae isolate recovered in Spain. The presence of macrolide or lincosamide resistance genes [erm(A), erm(B), erm(C), erm(T), mef(A), mrs(A), lnu(A), lnu(B), lsa(B), lsa(C) and vga(C)] was investigated by PCR and sequencing. The strain showed a resistant phenotype to erythromycin and clindamycin (MIC = 2 mg/L and MIC = 8 mg/L, respectively) and the presence of lnu(B) and mef(A) genes was demonstrated. Clinical microbiology laboratories should be aware of this unusual phenotype due to the association of two mechanisms mediated by lnu(B) and mef(A) genes. This constitute, to our knowledge, the first report of lnu(B) in S. agalactiae in human isolates in Europe. Source

Gomez-Sanz E.,University of La Rioja | Torres C.,University of La Rioja | Torres C.,Research Center Biomedica Of La Rioja Cibir | Lozano C.,University of La Rioja | And 2 more authors.
Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases

The objective was to identify the methicillin-resistant coagulase-positive staphylococci (MRCoPS) nasal carriage rate of healthy dogs in La Rioja (Spain) and to characterize the recovered isolates by different molecular techniques. Nasal samples from 196 dogs were obtained (98 household-dogs, 98 pound-dogs). Isolates were identified and characterized by spa-, SCCmec- and MLST-typing, SmaI-PFGE, antimicrobial susceptibility, determination of antimicrobial resistance and toxin genes profiling. S. pseudintermedius was the only species recovered. Nine methicillin-resistant S. pseudintermedius (MRSP) were obtained from 9 of 196 sampled dogs (8% pound-dogs, 1% household-dogs). MRSP isolates were typed (MLST/PFGE/spa/SCCmec) as: ST71/A/t02/II-III (7 isolates), ST92/C/t06/V (1 isolate), and ST26/B/non-typable/non-typable (1 isolate). All MRSP were resistant to [resistance gene/number isolates]: β-lactams [mecA+blaZ/9], tetracycline [tet(K)/7, tet(M)/2], macrolides and lincosamides [erm(B)/9], aminoglycosides [aacA-aphD+aadE+aphA-3/9], and co-trimoxazol [dfr(G)/9]. Eight MRSP isolates showed also resistance to fluoroquinolones and amino acid changes in GyrA [Ser84Leu+Glu714Lys, 7 isolates; Ser84Leu, 1 isolate] and GrlA [Ser80Ile, 8 isolates] proteins were detected. The remaining isolate was chloramphenicol resistant and harboured cat pC221 gene. All MRSP isolates harboured the aadE-sat4-aphA-3 multiresistance-gene-cluster linked to erm(B) gene as well as the siet, si-ent and lukS/F-I toxin genes. MRSP is a moderately common (4.6%) colonizer of healthy dogs in Spain. A major MRSP lineage (ST71) was detected and its future evolution should be tracked. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Viedma E.,Hospital Universitario 12 Of Octubre | Estepa V.,University of La Rioja | Juan C.,Hospital Universitario Son Espases | Castillo-Vera J.,Hospital Universitario Son Espases | And 9 more authors.
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

Twenty-seven well-characterized metallo-β-lactamase (MBL)-producing Pseudomonas strains from two distantly located hospitals were analyzed. The results revealed specific features defining the multilevel epidemiology of strains from each hospital in terms of species, clonality, predominance of high-risk clones, composition/diversity of integrons, and linkages of Tn402-related structures. Therefore, despite the global trends driving the epidemiology of MBL-producing Pseudomonas spp., the presence of local features has to be considered in order to understand this threat and implement proper control strategies. Copyright © 2014, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved. Source

Discover hidden collaborations