Research Center Biomedica del Sur

Xochitepec, Mexico

Research Center Biomedica del Sur

Xochitepec, Mexico
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Gutierrez-Rebolledo G.A.,Hospital Of Especialidades | Perez-Gonzalez M.Z.,Hospital Of Especialidades | Zamilpa A.,Research Center Biomedica del Sur | Jimenez-Arellanes M.A.,Hospital Of Especialidades
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine | Year: 2017

Objective: To identify the anti-inflammatory activity through two murine models and in the median Lethal Dose (LD50) of three dietary supplements that contain Moussonia deppeana. Methods: The anti-inflammatory activity of three dietary supplements (Cicatrisan/Gastricus®, Gastinol®, and Gastrovita®) EtOH extracts was evaluated by TPA and by carrageenan murine models; also, median Lethal Dose (LD50) was determined. Verbascoside was quantified by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography. β-sitosterol, stigmasterol and the mixture of ursolic and oleanolic acids were identified in all supplements by TLC; however, none of these dietary supplements contain verbascoside. Results: For the TPA model, Cicatrisan/Gastricus® generated a notable effect with 38.24% inhibition. While in the carrageenan model, it also exhibited noteworthy anti-inflammatory activity of ear edema with 66.39% of paw edema inhibition at 150 mg/kg, followed by Gastinol® and Gastrovita® with ≈50% at 300 mg/kg. Finally, LD50 was >2 g/kg for all supplements, when was administered intragastrically and Body Weight (BW) gain in mice was not altered after 14 days. Conclusions: Of the three food supplements containing M. deppeana, only the EtOH extract from Cicatrisan/Gastricus® formulation (tablets) showed significant anti-inflammatory activity in both experimental models and the LD50 was >2 g/kg. © 2017 Hainan Medical University.


von Son-de Fernex E.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Alonso-Diaz M.T.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Valles-de la Mora B.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Gonzalez-Cortazar M.,Research Center Biomedica Del Sur | And 2 more authors.
Veterinary Parasitology | Year: 2015

Leucaena leucocephala is a tropical forage legume suggested as an alternative method to control gastrointestinal parasitism in ruminants. This study: (1) performed a bio-guided fractionation of an aqueous extract of L. leucocephala using the egg hatch assay (EHA) to identify the anthelmintic (AH)-like phytochemicals present in fresh leaves, and (2) assessed the ultrastructural damage to eggs of Cooperia spp. after incubation with the final fraction. Phytochemicals were isolated using silica gel columns and identified using high performance liquid chromatography and standards for comparison. The final fraction was evaluated using EHA at 0.06, 0.125, 0.250, 0.500 and 1.1mgml-1. The lethal concentration to inhibit 50% of Cooperia spp. egg hatching (LC50) was calculated using a Probit analysis. Scanning and transmission electron microscopy revealed the ultrastructural changes present in Cooperia spp. eggs. Bio-guided isolation procedures led to the recognition of an active fraction (LlC1F3) mainly composed of quercetin (82.21%) and caffeic acid (13.42%) which inhibited 90.49±2.8% of Cooperia spp. egg hatching (P<0.05), and an LC50 of 0.06±0.14mgml-1. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed eggs exposed to the active fraction had an irregular external layer with small projections and ruptures of lateral eggshell walls. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) showed changes to Cooperia spp. eggs in electro-density, including the thickness of the eggshell layers and fractures after incubation with the final fraction (LlC1F3).Changes in bioactivity after purification suggest synergistic interactions between quercetin and caffeic acid. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.


von Son-de Fernex E.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Alonso-Diaz M.A.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Valles-de la Mora B.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Gonzalez-Cortazar M.,Research Center Biomedica Del Sur | Zamilpa A.,Research Center Biomedica Del Sur
Experimental Parasitology | Year: 2017

Gliricidia sepium is a tropical legume with known anthelmintic-like properties. The aim of this study was to: (1) perform a bio-guided fractionation of an acetonic extract of G. sepium leaves using the egg hatch assay (EHA); (2) elucidate the anthelmintic (AH)-like phytochemical using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR); and (3) assess the ultrastructural damage of the Cooperia punctata treated eggs. The anthelmintic activity of G. sepium was traced from an acetonic extract using the EHA. Phytochemicals were isolated through silica gel columns and elucidated through spectroscopic measurements (1H and 13C). Final fraction was evaluated with EHA at decreasing concentrations of: 1.100; 0.500, 0.250, 0.125, 0.060, 0.001 and 0.00001 mg mL-1. Egg hatching inhibition was calculated using the formula: 100*(1-HT/HC). The maximal half of effective concentration (EC50) was calculated with GraphPad. Bio-guided isolation procedures lead to the elucidation of 2H-chromen-2-one, which inhibited both hatching and embryo development of C. punctata (EC50 of 0.024 ± 0.082 mg mL-1) (P < 0.05). Scanning and Transmission Electron Microscopy (SEM and TEM) revealed electrodensity alterations and fractures in the eggshell layers. After toxicity evaluations and in vivo assessment, 2H-chromen-2-one can be suggested as a novel AH-phytochemical for reducing larval density in pastures and worm burdens inside the host. © 2017


Mundo J.,Autonomous University of the State of Morelos | Villeda-Hernandez J.,Instituto Nacional Of Neurologia Y Neurocirugia Manuel Velasco Suarez | Herrera-Ruiz M.,Research Center Biomedica del Sur | Gutierrez M.D.C.,Autonomous University of the State of Morelos | And 3 more authors.
Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy | Year: 2017

Waltheria americana is a plant used in Mexican traditional medicine to treat some nervous system disorders. The aims of the present study were to isolate and determine the neuropharmacological and neurprotective activities of metabolites produced by a cell suspension culture of Waltheria americana. Submerged cultivation of W. americana cells provided biomass. A methanol-soluble extract (WAsc) was obtained from biomass. WAsc was fractionated yielding the chromatographic fractions 4WAsc-H2O and WAsc-CH2Cl2. For the determination of anticonvulsant activity in vivo, seizures were induced in mice by pentylenetetrazol (PTZ). Neuropharmacological activities (release of gamma amino butyric acid (GABA) and neuroprotection) of chromatographic fractions were determined by in vitro histological analysis of brain sections of mice post mortem. Fraction 4WAsc-H2O (containing saccharides) did not produce neuronal damage, neurodegeneration, interstitial tissue edema, astrocytic activation, nor cell death. Pretreatment of animals with 4WAsc-H2O and WAsc-CH2Cl2 from W. americana cell suspensions induced an increase in: GABA release, seizure latency, survival time, neuroprotection, and a decrease in the degree of severity of tonic/tonic-clonic convulsions, preventing PTZ-induced death of up to 100% of animals of study. Bioactive compounds produced in suspension cell culture of W. americana produce neuroprotective and neuropharmacological activities associated with the GABAergic neurotransmission system. © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS


Leon-Rivera I.,Autonomous University of the State of Morelos | Herrera-Ruiz M.,Research Center Biomedica Del sur | Estrada-Soto S.,Autonomous University of the State of Morelos | Gutierrez M.D.C.,Autonomous University of the State of Morelos | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Ethnopharmacology | Year: 2011

Aim of the study: Ipomoea tyrianthina has been used in Mexican traditional medicine as a mild purgative, for the treatment of nervous disorders, and against tumors. In this study, the effect of convolvulin (an ether-insoluble resin glycoside) from the root of Ipomoea tyrianthina on: Central Nervous System; as spasmolytic and vasodilator; cytotoxic against cancer cell lines is evaluated. Materials and methods: Convolvulin isolated from the root of Ipomoea tyrianthina (IT-EM) was tested on pentylentetrazole induced seizures, pentobarbital-induced hypnosis, release of GABA and glutamic acid, isolated rat aorta and ileum rings, and against Caco-2 and KB cell lines. Results: IT-EM increased the hypnotic effect induced by pentobarbital and the release of GABA in brain cortex of mice, but did not protect mice against pentylenetetrazole- induced convulsions. IT-EM produced a significant vasodilator effect in concentration- and endothelium-dependent manners on isolated rat aorta, but did not inhibit significantly contractions on rat ileum, colon, and jejune rings. IT-EM showed cytotoxic activity against nasopharyngeal carcinoma KB cell line. Conclusions: Convolvulin (IT-EM) from Ipomoea tyrianthina has sedative effect, vasorelaxant effect in concentration- and endothelium-dependent manners, and cytotoxic activity against nasopharyngeal carcinoma KB cell line. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.


Patino-Camacho S.I.,Seccion de Estudios de Posgrado e Investigacion | Patino-Camacho S.I.,Autonomous University of GuadalajaraJalisco | Deciga Campos M.,Seccion de Estudios de Posgrado e Investigacion | Beltran-Villalobos K.,Seccion de Estudios de Posgrado e Investigacion | And 5 more authors.
European Journal of Pharmacology | Year: 2017

The aim of the present study was to determine whether tizanidine, an alpha2-adrenoceptor agonist, is able to increase the anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive effects of naproxen and ketorolac with a low incidence of gastric injury and spontaneous activity in rats. The anti-inflammatory effect was assayed in a carrageenan test, and oral administration of tizanidine (ED40 =0.94±0.2 mg/kg), naproxen (ED40=3.18±0.4 mg/kg), and ketorolac (ED40=16.4±1.9 mg/kg) showed a dose-dependent effect on inflammation. The anti-nociceptive effect was assayed in the formalin test, and administration of tizanidine (ED40=0.39±0.06 mg/kg, p.o.), naproxen (ED40=33.9±3.9 mg/kg, p.o.) or ketorolac (ED40=6.49±1 mg/kg, p.o.) each showed a dose-dependent anti-nociceptive effect. The effects of combinations of tizanidine/naproxen and tizanidine/ketorolac were determined considering their ED40 at a rate of 1:1. Additionally, the tizanidine/naproxen and tizanidine/ketorolac combinations showed anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive effects. The tizanidine/ketorolac combination was more potent than tizanidine/naproxen, in both inflammatory (interaction index=0.03 tizanidine/ketorolac and 0.07 tizanidine/naproxen) and nociceptive (interaction index=0.005 tizanidine/ketorolac and 0.01 tizanidine/naproxen) processes. In both cases, tizanidine improved naproxen and ketorolac gastrointestinal tolerability by 50%. Furthermore, co-administration of tizanidine with naproxen or ketorolac did not modify the spontaneous activity in the same way as individual tizanidine administration. Considering that tizanidine increases the anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive effects of naproxen or ketorolac, with an increase in gastric tolerability, tizanidine could provide therapeutic advantages in the clinical treatment of inflammation and pain. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.


PubMed | National Autonomous University of Mexico and Research Center Biomedica Del Sur
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Veterinary parasitology | Year: 2015

Leucaena leucocephala is a tropical forage legume suggested as an alternative method to control gastrointestinal parasitism in ruminants. This study: (1) performed a bio-guided fractionation of an aqueous extract of L. leucocephala using the egg hatch assay (EHA) to identify the anthelmintic (AH)-like phytochemicals present in fresh leaves, and (2) assessed the ultrastructural damage to eggs of Cooperia spp. after incubation with the final fraction. Phytochemicals were isolated using silica gel columns and identified using high performance liquid chromatography and standards for comparison. The final fraction was evaluated using EHA at 0.06, 0.125, 0.250, 0.500 and 1.1 mg ml(-1). The lethal concentration to inhibit 50% of Cooperia spp. egg hatching (LC50) was calculated using a Probit analysis. Scanning and transmission electron microscopy revealed the ultrastructural changes present in Cooperia spp. eggs. Bio-guided isolation procedures led to the recognition of an active fraction (LlC1F3) mainly composed of quercetin (82.21%) and caffeic acid (13.42%) which inhibited 90.49 2.8% of Cooperia spp. egg hatching (P<0.05), and an LC50 of 0.06 0.14 mg ml(-1). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed eggs exposed to the active fraction had an irregular external layer with small projections and ruptures of lateral eggshell walls. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) showed changes to Cooperia spp. eggs in electro-density, including the thickness of the eggshell layers and fractures after incubation with the final fraction (LlC1F3). Changes in bioactivity after purification suggest synergistic interactions between quercetin and caffeic acid.


PubMed | Research Center Biomedica del Sur and Autonomous University of the State of Morelos
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Molecules (Basel, Switzerland) | Year: 2017

The genetically transformed hairy root line LRT 7.31 obtained by infecting leaf explants of


Leos-Rivas C.,Autonomous University of Nuevo León | Verde-Star M.J.,Autonomous University of Nuevo León | Torres L.O.,Research Center Biomedica Del sur | Oranday-Cardenas A.,Autonomous University of Nuevo León | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Medicinal Food | Year: 2011

Borage (Borago officinalis) is a plant with nutritional value that is also used in traditional medicine to treat gastrointestinal disease. This study investigated the amoebicidal activity of a methanol extract of borage. The 50% inhibitory concentration (IC 50) of the extract for Entamoeba histolytica was 33 μg/mL. The 50% lethal dose of the extract for brine shrimp was greater than 1,000 μg/mL. The IC 50 of the extract for Vero cells was 203.9 μg/mL. These results support the use of borage to prevent diseases associated with E. histolytica infection. © 2011, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.


PubMed | Research Center Biomedica del Sur
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Plant cell reports | Year: 2013

Mimosa tenuiflora (Willd.) Poiret (Leguminosae) was micropropagated throughin vitro culture of axillary buds on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium. Shoot formation was achieved when the media were supplemented with 0.1 mg.L(-1) IAA + 3 mg.L(-1) KN.In vitro rooting of regenerated shoots was achieved when 0.1 mg.L(-1) KN was combined with 1 mg.L(-1) IBA in the absence of IAA. Ninety-four percent of the rooted plants were succesfully adapted to field conditions and grown in the soil. A total of 180 trees grown under these conditions were obtained over a one-year period.

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