Said-Fernandez S.,Research Center Biomedica del Noreste |
Said-Fernandez S.,Autonomous University of Nuevo León |
Vargas-Villarreal J.,Research Center Biomedica del Noreste |
Gonzalez-Salazar F.,Research Center Biomedica del Noreste |
And 2 more authors.
Pulmonary Pharmacology and Therapeutics | Year: 2014
Background and objectives: The recent emergence of multidrug-resistant (MDR), extensively drug-resistant (XDR), and totally drug-resistant (TDR) Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) strains have further complicated the control of tuberculosis (TB). There is an urgent need of new molecules candidates to be developed as novel, active, and less toxic anti-tuberculosis (anti-TB) drugs. Medicinal plants have been an excellent source of leads for the development of drugs, particularly as anti-infective agents. In previous studies, the non-polar extract of Diospyros anisandra showed potent anti-TB activity, and three monomeric and five dimeric naphthoquinones have been obtained. In this study, we performed bioguided chemical fractionation and the isolation of eight naphthoquinones from D. anisandra and their evaluation of anti-TB and cytotoxic activities against mammalian cells. Methods: The n-hexane crude extract from the stem bark of the plant was obtained by maceration and liquid-liquid fractionation. The isolation of naphthoquinones was carried out by chromatographic methods and identified by gas chromatography and mass spectroscopy data analysis. Anti-TB activity was evaluated against two strains of MTB (H37Rv) susceptible to all five first-line anti-TB drugs and a clinical isolate that is resistant to these medications (pan-resistant, CIBIN 99) by measuring the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC). Cytotoxicity of naphthoquinones was estimated against two mammalian cells, Vero line and primary cultures of human peripheral blood mononuclear (PBMC) cells, and their selectivity index (SI) was determined. Results: Plumbagin and its dimers maritinone and 3,3'-biplumbagin showed the strongest activity against both MTB strains (MIC = 1.56-3.33 μg/mL). The bioactivity of maritinone and 3,3'-biplumbagin were 32 times more potent than rifampicin against the pan-resistant strain, and both dimers showed to be non-toxic against PBMC and Vero cells. The SI of maritinone and 3,3'-biplumbagin on Vero cells was 74.34 and 194.11 against sensitive and pan-resistant MTB strains, respectively. Conclusion: Maritinone and 3,3'-biplumbagin possess a very interesting potential for development as new drugs against M. tuberculosis, mainly resistant profile strains. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
PubMed | Umae Hospital Of Especialidades, Laboratorio Of Oncologia Molecular, Research Center Biomedica del Noreste, Hoffmann-La Roche and 2 more.
Type: | Journal: Virology journal | Year: 2015
The Linear Array (LA) genotyping test is one of the most used methodologies for Human papillomavirus (HPV) genotyping, in that it is able to detect 37 HPV genotypes and co-infections in the same sample. However, the assay is limited to a restricted number of HPV, and sequence variations in the detection region of the HPV probes could give false negatives results. Recently, 454 Next-Generation sequencing (NGS) technology has been efficiently used also for HPV genotyping; this methodology is based on massive sequencing of HPV fragments and is expected to be highly specific and sensitive. In this work, we studied HPV prevalence in cervixes of women in Western Mexico by LA and confirmed the genotypes found by NGS.Two hundred thirty three cervical samples from women Without cervical lesions (WCL, n = 48), with Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 1 (CIN I, n = 98), or with Cervical cancer (CC, n = 87) were recruited, DNA was extracted, and HPV positivity was determined by PCR amplification using PGMY09/11 primers. All HPV- positive samples were genotyped individually by LA. Additionally, pools of amplicons from the PGMY-PCR products were sequenced using 454 NGS technology. Results obtained by NGS were compared with those of LA for each group of samples.We identified 35 HPV genotypes, among which 30 were identified by both technologies; in addition, the HPV genotypes 32, 44, 74, 102 and 114 were detected by NGS. These latter genotypes, to our knowledge, have not been previously reported in Mexican population. Furthermore, we found that LA did not detect, in some diagnosis groups, certain HPV genotypes included in the test, such as 6, 11, 16, 26, 35, 51, 58, 68, 73, and 89, which indicates possible variations at the species level.There are HPV genotypes in Mexican population that cannot be detected by LA, which is, at present, the most complete commercial genotyping test. More studies are necessary to determine the impact of HPV-44, 74, 102 and 114 on the risk of developing CC. A greater number of samples must be analyzed by NGS for the most accurate determination of Mexican HPV variants.
Molina-Torres C.A.,Hopital Universitario |
Barba-Marines A.,Hopital Universitario |
Valles-Guerra O.,Hopital Universitario |
Ocampo-Candiani J.,Hopital Universitario |
And 4 more authors.
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials | Year: 2014
Background: Due to the emergency of multidrug-resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, is necessary the evaluation of new compounds.Findings: Tedizolid, a novel oxazolidinone, and ACH-702, a new isothiazoloquinolone, were tested against M. tuberculosis infected THP-1 macrophages. These two compounds significantly decreased the number of intracellular mycobacteria at 0.25X, 1X, 4X and 16X the MIC value. The drugs were tested either in nanoparticules or in free solution.Conclusion: Tedizolid and ACH-702 have a good intracellular killing activity comparable to that of rifampin or moxifloxacin. © 2014 Molina-Torres et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Ibarra-Costilla E.,Instituto Mexicano Del Seguro Social IMSS |
Cerda-Flores R.M.,Research Center Biomedica Del Noreste |
Davila-Rodriguez M.I.,Research Center Biomedica Del Noreste |
Samayo-Reyes A.,Research Center Biomedica Del Noreste |
And 2 more authors.
Acta Diabetologica | Year: 2010
We conducted a case-control study to assess whether general DNA damage levels evaluated by comet assay (length of tail comet, tail extent moment, and olive tail moment) differ in Mexican patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). The sample included 71 Mexican patients with DM2 who had developed the disease >5 years previously and had been treated with oral hypoglycemic drugs (sulfonylurea and/or metformin), with no microvascular or macrovascular complications. These patients were classified into three groups according to age: (I) 40-50 years, (II) 51-60 years, and (III) 61-70 years. A control group of 14 individuals (40-50 years) without DM2 was included. Our results showed there was a slight but not significant increase in DNA damage in the two groups of patients with DM2 aged between 40 and 60 years compared with the 61-70-year-old patient group and controls. In conclusion, given that general DNA damage was similar in the three groups of patients with DM2 and the control group, it is possible that these cells showed similar oxidative damage, as has been proposed previously. © 2009 Springer-Verlag.
Almaguer-Chavez J.A.,Hospital Universitario Jose nzalez |
Welsh O.,Hospital Universitario Jose nzalez |
Lozano-Garza H.G.,Research Center Biomedica del Noreste |
Said-Fernandez S.,Research Center Biomedica del Noreste |
And 3 more authors.
BMC Infectious Diseases | Year: 2011
Background: Subculturing has been extensively used to attenuate human pathogens. In this work we studied the effect of continuous subculturing of Nocardia brasiliensis HUJEG-1 on virulence in a murine model.Methods: Nocardia brasiliensis HUJEG-1 was subcultured up to 130 times on brain heart infusion over four years. BALB/c mice were inoculated in the right foot pad with the bacteria subcultured 0, 40, 80, 100 and 130 times (T0, T40, T80T100and T130). The induction of resistance was tested by using T130to inoculate a group of mice followed by challenge with T0 12 weeks later. Biopsies were taken from the newly infected foot-pad and immunostained with antibodies against CD4, CD8 and CD14 in order to analyze the in situ immunological changes.Results: When using T40, T80T100and T130as inoculums we observed lesions in 10, 5, 0 and 0 percent of the animals, respectively, at the end of 12 weeks. In contrast, their controls produced mycetoma in 80, 80, 70 and 60% of the inoculated animals. When studying the protection of T130, we observed a partial resistance to the infection. Immunostaining revealed an intense CD4+ lymphocytic and macrophage infiltrate in healing lesions.Conclusions: After 130 in vitro passages of N. brasiliensis HUJEG-1 a severe decrease in its virulence was observed. Immunization of BALB/c mice, with these attenuated cells, produced a state of partial resistance to infection with the non-subcultured isolate. © 2011 Almaguer-Chávez et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Cortes-Gutierrez E.I.,Research Center Biomedica del Noreste |
Davila-Rodriguez M.I.,Research Center Biomedica del Noreste |
Vargas-Villarreal J.,Research Center Biomedica del Noreste |
Hernandez-Garza F.,Research Center Biomedica del Noreste |
Cerda-Flores R.M.,Research Center Biomedica del Noreste
Prague medical report | Year: 2010
To determine the association between Human papillomavirus (HPV)-type infections with the frequency of Micronucleus (MN), a hospital-based, unmatched case-control study was carried out. We evaluated and compared the average number of MN/1,000 cells among three groups of Mexican females. Twenty one women ranging in age from 31-56 years and divided into three groups were studied. Group I comprised seven control women without cervical lesions and with HPV-negative, Group II was composed of seven women with Squamous intraepithelial lesions (SIL) infected with low-risk HPV low-risk, and Group III was made up of seven women with SIL infected with high-risk HPV infection. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) test revealed differences among Groups I (5.14+/-3.02), II (13.43+/-3.41), and III (25.43+/-3.41) (F=67.46; P=0.0001). We demonstrated an association between HPV type infection and higher MN frequencies. However, a larger controlled study with sufficient follow-up will be required to further evaluate the usefulness of this test in the clinical management of women with HPV infection.
Miranda-Velasquez L.,Autonomous University of Nuevo León |
Oranday-Cardenas A.,Autonomous University of Nuevo León |
Lozano-Garza H.,Research Center Biomedica del Noreste |
Rivas-Morales C.,Autonomous University of Nuevo León |
And 2 more authors.
Plant Foods for Human Nutrition | Year: 2010
The aim of this study was to determine the hypocholesterolemic activity of Cnidoscolus chayamansa. In an in vivo model, high-cholesterol diet administered to mice Balb/c induced hypercholesterolemia. Three extracts from Cnidoscolus chayamansa (ethanol, methanol and an aqueous extract) were tested on hypercholesterolemic mice. Active extracts were assessed against the in vitro inhibitory activity of the same three extracts on the HMG-CoA reductase enzyme by using Vero cells. The specific chemical groups present in the phytochemical extracts were also determined. Only the aqueous extract (at either doses employed) showed a significant cholesterol reduction (27.9 and 31.1%, for 50 and 100 mg kg-1, respectively P<0.01). The extract did not inhibit the HMG-CoA reductase enzyme, suggesting that its compounds act at another level in cholesterol metabolism. Reactions to secondary metabolites indicate the presence of alkaloids in the aqueous and ethanol extracts and phenol hydroxyls in the ethanol and methanol extracts. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
PubMed | Research Center Biomedica Del Noreste
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP | Year: 2016
Background: Prostatic adenocarcinoma by Prosate cancer (PCa) is the most prevalent cancer and the second cause of cancer-related death among men in the Western world. Human papilloma virus (HPV) may be considered as a preventable risk factor. In this study, we assessed the frequencies of HPV infection in prostatic adenocarcinoma and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) cases in Northeast Mexico. Materials and Methods: A total of 87 paraffin-embedded blocks (from 25 and 62 patients with definite diagnoses of BPH and adenocarcinoma, respectively) were selected and subjected to INNOLiPA HPV Genotyping to detect 28 high- and low-risk HPV types. The rates of infection were compared in the two studied groups. Results: INNOLiPA HPV demonstrated great sensitivity for HPV detection on paraffin-embedded tissue. Global prevalence was 14.9% (13/87). HPV infection was positive in 19.4% (12/62) of patients with adenocarcinoma and 4.0% (1/25) of patients with BPH. HPV-11, which is considered to be low risk, was more prevalent. Interestingly, one patient with BPH and six with prostate cancer showed examples considered to be high risk (HPV-18, -51, -52, and -66). Conclusion: A higher rate of HPV infection among Mexican patients with prostatic carcinoma than among those with BPH was observed. HPV infections may thus contribute to the risk of prostate cancer. Further studies are required to elucidate any roles of HPV infection in prostate disease in Mexico and the effect of prevention and treatment of HPV infection on prostatic adenocarcinoma.
PubMed | Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Russian Academy of Sciences, Research Center Biomedica del Noreste, Hospital Universitario Dr Jose Eleuterio Gonzalez and Autonomous University of Nuevo León
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PLoS neglected tropical diseases | Year: 2015
Mycetoma is a neglected, chronic, and deforming infectious disease caused by fungi and actinomycetes. In Mexico, N. brasiliensis is the predominant etiologic agent. Therapeutic alternatives are necessary because the current drug regimens have several disadvantages. Benzothiazinones (BTZ) are a new class of candidate drugs that inhibit decaprenyl-phosphoribose-epimerase (DprE1), an essential enzyme involved in the cell wall biosynthesis of Corynebacterineae.In this study, the in vitro activity of the next generation BTZ, PBTZ169, was tested against thirty Nocardia brasiliensis isolates. The MIC50 and MIC90 values for PBTZ169 were 0.0075 and 0.03 g/mL, respectively. Because Nocardia is a potential intracellular bacterium, a THP-1 macrophage monolayer was infected with N. brasiliensis HUJEG-1 and then treated with PBTZ169, resulting in a decrease in the number of colony-forming units (CFUs) at a concentration of 0.25X the in vitro value. The in vivo activity was evaluated after infecting female BALB/c mice in the right hind food-pad. After 6 weeks, treatment was initiated with PBTZ169 and its activity was compared with the first generation compound, BTZ043. Both BTZ compounds were administered at 100 mg/kg twice daily by gavage, and sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim (SXT), at 100 mg/kg sulfamethoxazole, was used as a positive control. After 22 weeks of therapy, only PBTZ169 and SXT displayed statistically significant activity.These results indicate that DprE1 inhibitors may be useful for treating infections of Nocardia and may therefore be active against other actinomycetoma agents. We must test combinations of these compounds with other antimicrobial agents, such as linezolid, tedizolid or SXT, that have good to excellent in vivo activity, as well as new DprE1 inhibitors that can achieve higher plasma levels.
PubMed | University of Veracruz, Research Center Biomedica del Noreste and Autonomous University of Nuevo León
Type: | Journal: Neurologia (Barcelona, Spain) | Year: 2015
The neurotoxin 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) is widely used to induce models of Parkinsons disease (PD). We now know that the model induced by 6-OHDA does not include all PD symptoms, although it does reproduce the main cellular processes involved in PD, such as oxidative stress, neurodegeneration, neuroinflammation, and neuronal death by apoptosis. In this review we analyse the factors affecting the vulnerability of dopaminergic neurons as well as the close relationships between neuroinflammation, neurodegeneration, and apoptosis in the 6-OHDA model. Knowledge of the mechanisms involved in neurodegeneration and cell death in this model is the key to identifying potential therapeutic targets for PD.