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Zhang S.,North China Electrical Power University | Zhang S.,Research Base for Beijing Energy Development and 2 Beinong Road | Andrews-Speed P.,National University of Singapore | Ji M.,North China Electrical Power University
Energy Policy | Year: 2014

The last twenty years have seen the growth of both solar PV manufacturing capacity and deployment in China, yet this growth has followed a very erratic path. This study applies the concept of socio-technical regime to identify factors which have made this path so erratic. We examine four stages in China's solar PV policy from mid-1990s to 2013 and show that each is characterized by different combinations of policy program. These changes in government policy and in the resultant trajectory of the solar PV sector are attributed to three main sets of variables. The most important of these are events which shape the wider policy priorities of China's government. Secondary factors include the government's poor management of the policy interaction between the domestic solar PV manufacturing industry and the deployment of solar PV across the country, as well as policy learning within government. The general lesson from this study is that the development path of a single element of a national strategy for the low-carbon transition is likely to be erratic, subject as it is to a range of political and economic forces, and to experimentation and learning. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Zhang S.,North China Electrical Power University | Zhang S.,Research Base for Beijing Energy Development and 2 Beinong Road | Wang W.,Research Base for Beijing Energy Development and 2 Beinong Road | Wang W.,North China Electrical Power University | And 3 more authors.
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2014

In recent years, an increasing number of Chinese wind power firms have been going international in search of global market for development channels. By employing qualitative research and case study methods, this paper examines the export scale and markets of China's wind turbines, the market entry modes and location choices of China's outward foreign direct investment (FDI) in the wind power sector, identifies the determinants and prospects of Chinese wind firms' internationalization, as well as provides policy implications. It is found that Chinese wind power firms has chosen to internationalize very differently from the Uppsala model in that the exports and FDI of Chinese wind power firms both took place around 2008, and the exports and FDI of Chinese wind power firms are closely linked. The determinants of Chinese wind firms' internationalization are the competitive advantages of leading Chinese wind firms and the intensified domestic market competition, followed by Chinese government support for internationalization and the attractive overseas market. The prospects of Chinese wind firms' internationalization are bright but challenging. Drawn on this analysis, conclusions and three policy implications are provided at the end of the paper. This paper contributes to the study of China's wind power sector from a new perspective. © 2014 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Source

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