Tuenter E.,University of Antwerp |
Exarchou V.,University of Antwerp |
Balde A.,Research and Valorization Center on Medicinal Plants |
Cos P.,University of Antwerp |
And 3 more authors.
Journal of Natural Products | Year: 2016
Four cyclopeptide alkaloids (1-4) were isolated from the root bark of Hymenocardia acida by means of semipreparative HPLC with DAD and ESIMS detection and conventional separation methods. Structure elucidation was performed by spectroscopic means. In addition to the known compound hymenocardine (1), three other alkaloids were isolated for the first time from a natural source. These included a hymenocardine derivative with a hydroxy group instead of a carbonyl group that was named hymenocardinol (2), as well as hymenocardine N-oxide (3) and a new cyclopeptide alkaloid containing an unusual histidine moiety named hymenocardine-H (4). The isolated cyclopeptide alkaloids were tested for their antiplasmodial activity and cytotoxicity. All four compounds showed moderate antiplasmodial activity, with IC50 values ranging from 12.2 to 27.9 μM, the most active one being hymenocardine N-oxide (3), with an IC50 value of 12.2 ± 6.6 μM. Compounds 2-4 were found not to be cytotoxic against MRC-5 cells (IC50 > 64.0 μM), but hymenocardine (1) showed some cytotoxicity, with an IC50 value of 51.1 ± 17.2 μM. © 2016 The American Chemical Society and American Society of Pharmacognosy.
Traore M.S.,University Gamal Abdel Nasser of Conakry |
Traore M.S.,Research and Valorization Center on Medicinal Plants |
Traore M.S.,Laboratoire Pharmaceutique AMB Pharma |
Diane S.,University Gamal Abdel Nasser of Conakry |
And 20 more authors.
Planta Medica | Year: 2014
Based on an ethnobotanical survey, 41 Guinean plant species widely used in the traditional treatment of fever and/or malaria were collected. From these, 74 polar and apolar extracts were prepared and tested for their in vitro antiprotozoal activity along with their cytotoxicity on MRC-5 cells. A potent activity (IC50 < 5 μg/mL) was observed for Terminalia albida, Vismia guineensis, Spondias mombin, and Pavetta crassipes against Plasmodium falciparum; for Pavetta crassipes, Vismia guineensis, Guiera senegalensis, Spondias mombin, Terminalia macroptera, and Combretum glutinosum against Trypanosoma brucei brucei; for Bridelia ferruginea, G. senegalensis, V. guineensis, P. crassipes, and C. glutinosum against Trypanosoma cruzi. Only the extract of Tetracera alnifolia showed a good activity (IC50 8.1 μg/mL) against Leishmania infantum. The selectivity index of the active samples varied from 0.08 to > 100. These results may validate at least in part the traditional use of some of the plant species. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG.
PubMed | University Gamal Abdel Nasser of Conakry, Research and Valorization Center on Medicinal Plants and University of Antwerp
Type: | Journal: Journal of ethnopharmacology | Year: 2015
In sub-Saharan Africa, concomitant occurrence of malaria and invasive infections with micro-organisms such as Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus, Gram-negative Escherichia coli and yeasts or fungi such as Candida albicans and Aspergillus fumigatus is common. Non-tuberculous mycobacteriosis caused by Mycobacterium chelonae has been recognized as a pulmonary pathogen with increasing frequency without effective therapy. Although less important, the high incidence of Trichophyton rubrum infections along with its ability to evade host defense mechanisms, accounts for the high prevalence of infections with this dermatophyte. Considering the treatment cost of both malaria and microbial infections, along with the level of poverty, most affected African countries are unable to cope with the burden of these diseases. In sub-Saharan Africa, many plant species are widely used in the treatment of these diseases which are traditionally diagnosed through the common symptom of fever. Therefore it is of interest to evaluate the antimicrobial activities of medicinal plants reported for their use against malaria/fever.Based on an ethnobotanical survey, 34 Guinean plant species widely used in the traditional treatment of fever and/or malaria have been collected and evaluated for their antimicrobial activities. Plants extracts were tested against Candida albicans, Trichophyton rubrum, Aspergillus fumigatus, Mycobacterium chelonae, Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli.The most interesting activities against Candida albicans were obtained for the polar extracts of Pseudospondias microcarpa and Ximenia americana with IC50 values of 6.99 and 8.12 g/ml, respectively. The most pronounced activity against Trichophyton rubrum was obtained for the ethanol extract of Terminalia macroptera (IC50 5.59 g/ml). Only 7 of the 51 tested extracts were active against Staphylococcus aureus. From these, the methanolic extracts of the leaves and stem bark of Alchornea cordifolia were the most active with IC50 values of 2.81 and 7.47 g/ml, respectively. Only Terminalia albida and Lawsonia inermis showed activity against Mycobacterium chelonae. None of the tested extracts was active against Escherichia coli.A number of traditional Guinean plant species used against malaria/fever showed, in addition to their antiplasmodial properties and antimicrobial activity. The fact that some plant species are involved in the traditional treatment of malaria/fever without any antiplasmodial evidence may be justified by their antimicrobial activities.
PubMed | Research and Valorization Center on Medicinal Plants
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of ethnopharmacology | Year: 2012
This survey was carried out in the coastal lowlands of Guinea-Conakry in order to make an inventory of plants used by traditional healers, herbalists and diabetic patients for the management of diabetes mellitus.Frequent ethnomedical and ethnobotanical investigations were conducted from June 2008 to December 2009 in Conakry, Kindia, Forcariah, Dubrka, Boke, Fria and Boffa. It is a cross-sectional survey and data collection is based on the interactive method. During this period a total of 112 people aged from 39 to 76 years old were interviewed.During this investigation 146 plant species belonging to 55 families were collected. The most cited plants were Anacardium occidentale L. and Ficus spp., while the Fabaceae family was the most represented, followed by the Euphorbiaceae and Rubiaceae. The most frequently plant parts used by the traditional healers and the herbalists were the stem-bark and decoctions the most common preparation mode.It is clear that a variety of plants is used in the management and treatment of diabetes. Due to the increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes, there is an urgent need for scientific investigations to rationalise the use of these traditional remedies, which could represent accessible alternative medicines for the Guinean populations.