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Banzai R.,Palmer Center for Chiropractic Research | Derby D.C.,Institutional Planning and Research | Long C.R.,Palmer Center for Chiropractic Research | Hondras M.A.,Palmer Center for Chiropractic Research
Chiropractic and Manual Therapies | Year: 2011

Background: Positive attitude toward evidence-based practice (EBP) principles in healthcare education may be one of the first steps for motivating a healthcare professional student to later apply EBP principles in clinical decision-making. The objectives for this project were to pilot an international web-based survey of chiropractic students and to describe student attitudes, behaviors, and knowledge about EBP principles.Methods: We used SurveyMonkey™ to develop our survey based on an existing questionnaire used to measure basic knowledge, skills and beliefs about EBP among allied healthcare professionals and CAM practitioners. We invited 26 chiropractic educational institutions teaching in English and accredited by official organizations to participate. Academic officials and registrars at participating institutions forwarded an invitation email and two reminders to students between July and September 2010. The invitation contained a link to the 38-item web-based questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were performed for analysis.Results: Fourteen institutions from Australia, Canada, US, Denmark and New Zealand participated. Among an estimated 7,142 student recipients of invitation letters, 674 participated in the survey for an estimated response rate of 9.4%. Most respondents reported having access to medical/healthcare literature through the internet, but only 11% read literature every week and 21% did not read literature at all. Respondents generally agreed that the use of research evidence in chiropractic was important. Although 76% of respondents found it easy to understand research evidence and 81% had some level of confidence assessing the general worth of research articles, 71% felt they needed more training in EBP to be able to apply evidence in chiropractic care. Respondents without previous training in research methods had lower confidence in assessing published papers. While more than 60% marked the correct answer for two knowledge items, the mean number of correct answers to the five knowledge questions was 1.3 (SD 0.9).Conclusions: Although it is feasible to conduct an international web survey of chiropractic students, significant stakeholder participation is important to improve response rates. Students had relatively positive attitudes toward EBP. However, participants felt they needed more training in EBP and based on the knowledge questions they may need further training about basic research concepts. © 2011 Banzai et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source


Posey M.J.,Institutional Planning and Research | Webster A.H.,Delta State University
Community College Journal of Research and Practice | Year: 2013

In September of 2012, a mixed methods exploratory research study was conducted from among the 270 presidents of public two-year colleges in the 11-state region accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges. The purpose of the study was to examine the environmental sustainability practices used at these institutions. To determine the types of practices being used, section nine of the Sustainability Assessment Questionnaire (SAQ) for Colleges and Universities (Association of University Leaders for a Sustainable Future, 2009) was e-mailed to community, junior, and technical college presidents in the 11 states. A total of 137 respondents completed the questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were presented for each state. Energy conservation, recycling of solid waste, waste reduction practices, building construction and renovation, and reduction of toxic materials were the most frequently cited practices among respondents. The least frequently cited practices included environmentally oriented coursework, green purchasing, sustainable transportation, and sustainable food programs. The study also included exploratory interviews with two state-system leaders and a factor analysis of questionnaire results. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC. Source


Derby D.C.,Institutional Planning and Research | Salsbury S.A.,Palmer Center for Chiropractic Research
Chiropractic and Manual Therapies | Year: 2013

Background: Evidence-based clinical practice (EBCP) is an accepted practice for informed clinical decision making in mainstream health care professions. EBCP augments clinical experience and can have far reaching effects in education, policy, reimbursement and clinical management. The proliferation of published research can be overwhelming-finding a mechanism to identify literature that is essential for practitioners and students is desirable. The purpose of this study was to survey leaders in the chiropractic profession on their opinions of essential literature for doctors of chiropractic, faculty, and students to read or reference.Methods: Deployment of an IRB exempted survey occurred with 68 academic and research leaders using SurveyMonkey®. Individuals were solicited via e-mail in August of 2011; the study closed in October of 2011.Collected data were checked for citation accuracy and compiled to determine multiple responses. A secondary analysis assessed the scholarly impact and Internet accessibility of the recommended literature.Results: Forty-three (43) individuals consented to participate; seventeen (17) contributed at least one article of importance. A total of 41 unique articles were reported. Of the six articles contributed more than once, one article was reported 6 times, and 5 were reported twice.Conclusions: A manageable list of relevant literature was created. Shortcomings of methods were identified, and improvements for continued implementation are suggested. A wide variety of articles were reported as " essential" knowledge; annual or bi-annual surveys would be helpful for the profession. © 2013 Mansholt et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

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