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Balan V.,Uxniversity of Agronomic science and Veterinary Medicine | Tudor V.,Uxniversity of Agronomic science and Veterinary Medicine | Dobrin I.,Uxniversity of Agronomic science and Veterinary Medicine | Iacomi B.,Uxniversity of Agronomic science and Veterinary Medicine | And 2 more authors.
Acta Horticulturae | Year: 2010

Research on the adaptability of 665 apricot phenotypes from seven geographic areas, preserved in the genetic collections, 9000 hybrids and 35 varieties created in Romania, has shown that, over a period of 27 years (1981-2007), seven years were not favourable to apricot growing. Over the past four years, the short frost periods (-7°C), sometimes lasting for only a few hours, following longer warm periods at the end of February (+12°C, +20°C), affected the apricot phenotypes in their early budding or flowering stage. The resulting damage was 90-100%. The consequences of the climate changes are significant with respect to the biological transformation of the fruiting and vegetative organs and correlated with the biology of the most frequent pathogens, pests and predators in Romania.


Maria D.,Research and Development Station for Fruit Tree Growing | Cristina P.,Research and Development Station for Fruit Tree Growing | Adela B.,Research and Development Station for Fruit Tree Growing | Roman M.,Research and Development Station for Fruit Tree Growing | And 2 more authors.
Scientific Papers of the Research Institute for Fruit Growing | Year: 2011

Apricot is a species less cultivated than other Prunus species, particularly peaches and plumps. This stone fruits species is a typical temperate fruit crop which has been dispersed and has become well adapted in the countries surrounding the Mediterranean Basin. Consequently, in spite of being spread geographically, apricots have not become pomologically important except in areas with special ecological conditions. In our country although favorable climatic conditions of apricot culture there are only in south-west and west has become a important economical species. The Research Station for Fruit Growing Baneasa have an important role both in implementation and extending valuable varieties from collection but also through breeding of new apricot cultivars. Selections studied were very productive in the years of investigation. The biggest fruit were produced by 83.7.28 BI and 84.4.41 BIV selection. Each selection is represented by five trees, considerable differences in time and in intensity of blooming, ripening period in other characters were observed in two seasons. The influence of the cultivar was more determinant than the seasonal effect on fruit yield.

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