Lavrenko V.A.,Frantsevich Institute for Problems of Materials Science |
Zolkin P.I.,Federal State Unitary Enterprise |
Talash V.N.,Frantsevich Institute for Problems of Materials Science |
Tatarinov V.F.,Research and Development Enterprise INTEK |
Kostikov V.I.,National University of Science and Technology "MISIS"
Powder Metallurgy and Metal Ceramics | Year: 2011
The nanocrystalline material of an artificial heart valve sintered from 15 wt.% B 4C with crystals <10 nm in size uniformly distributed in 85 wt.% carbon with particles about 10 nm in size has exceptionally high chemical stability in human blood plasma. The electrochemical interaction resulting from contact of the valve surface with a potential trace impurity (for example, iron) is experimentally modeled by polarization from an external current source to simulate an extreme corrosion event. The interaction kinetics is studied at 37°C using the method of anodic polarization curves. The elemental composition of interaction products is analyzed by emission spectroscopy using a DFS-13 spectrograph; the composition and thickness of the film layers formed on the valve surface during electrolysis are determined with quantitative Auger electron spectroscopy using a Riber LAS-2000 device. It is established that a nanocrystalline film 350 nm thick forms after 3 h electrolysis on the ceramic surface of the heart valve. The film contains to 94.0 at.%C and to 6.0 at.%N (including to 89.5 at.%C as nanocrystalline graphite and to 4.5 at.%C as nanocrystalline C 3N 4, as well as to 6.0 at.%N in C 3N 4) and an insignificant amount of sulfur and inclusions of boron and oxygen atoms. It is shown that the film results from the discharge of anions of corresponding α-amino acids (amino acid remains of complex blood protein chains) containing heterocycle rings. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.