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Krycinska R.,Hospital to the Wroclaw Center for Research and Development | Trznadel A.,Hospital to the Wroclaw Center for Research and Development | Kuchalska P.,Hospital to the Wroclaw Center for Research and Development | Lis M.,Hospital to the Wroclaw Center for Research and Development | And 4 more authors.
Polish Journal of Radiology | Year: 2015

Background: Given the increasing number of elderly hemodialysis-dependent patients with concomitant chronic diseases the successful creation and maintenance of reliable vascular access become a real challenge. In current literature central vein disease (CVD) is defined as at least 50% narrowing up to total occlusion of central veins of the thorax including superior vena cava (SVC), brachiocephalic (BCV), subclavian (SCV) and internal jugular vein (IJV). The incidence of CVD has been reported to be as high as 23% in the total dialysis population and 41% in those with access related complains. Case Report: 61-year-old man has been admitted to the local radiology department with symptoms of the superior vena cava syndrome. The venography revealed occlusion of the right brachiocephalic vein. Due to Tortuosity and lack of stamp of right subclavian vein contributed to the decision to perform recanalization by “body floss” technique. In a further step we have performed PTA of obstructed vein segment using 7×40 mm balloon. Due to the presence of residual stenosis it was decided to implant two self – expanding stents 10×40 mm. After the procedure the patient was discharged in good condition and transferred to dialysis center. Conclusions: Main objective was the salvage of a functioning arteriovenous fistula. Performed endovascular intervention is a safe and effective approach to correct CVD for a short term. To ensure long lasting effects the patient will require enhanced follow-up and inevitable reinterventions. For that matter, prevention of CVD remains critical. © Pol J Radiol, 2015.


PubMed | Hospital to the Wroclaw Center for Research and Development
Type: | Journal: Polish journal of radiology | Year: 2015

Given the increasing number of elderly hemodialysis-dependent patients with concomitant chronic diseases the successful creation and maintenance of reliable vascular access become a real challenge. In current literature central vein disease (CVD) is defined as at least 50% narrowing up to total occlusion of central veins of the thorax including superior vena cava (SVC), brachiocephalic (BCV), subclavian (SCV) and internal jugular vein (IJV). The incidence of CVD has been reported to be as high as 23% in the total dialysis population and 41% in those with access related complains.61-year-old man has been admitted to the local radiology department with symptoms of the superior vena cava syndrome. The venography revealed occlusion of the right brachiocephalic vein. Due to Tortuosity and lack of stamp of right subclavian vein contributed to the decision to perform recanalization by body floss technique. In a further step we have performed PTA of obstructed vein segment using 740 mm balloon. Due to the presence of residual stenosis it was decided to implant two self - expanding stents 1040 mm. After the procedure the patient was discharged in good condition and transferred to dialysis center.Main objective was the salvage of a functioning arteriovenous fistula. Performed endovascular intervention is a safe and effective approach to correct CVD for a short term. To ensure long lasting effects the patient will require enhanced follow-up and inevitable reinterventions. For that matter, prevention of CVD remains critical.

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