Collections and Research Division

Kaohsiung, Taiwan

Collections and Research Division

Kaohsiung, Taiwan
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Hsiao K.-H.,Collections and Research Division | Chen Y.-H.,National Cheng Kung University
Transactions of the Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering | Year: 2016

Gear mechanisms were wildly used in variety of purposes from the 2nd century BC in ancient China. There were several books with mechanical illustrations that described the structures and functions of gear mechanisms in ancient China. However, there has never been any record of their appearance or invention in ancient manuscripts. Since gear mechanisms can be used in changing the direction of the source power, some primary devices were added on gear train to transmit the power and generate the function of drawing water. Therefore, the water lifting devices with gears usually have similar topological structures. This work summarized authors' research for the structural analyses of water lifting devices with gears that were described in ancient Chinese books. The historical development of gear mechanisms in ancient China is briefly introduced first. Then, in the viewpoint of modern mechanisms, the functions and components of water lifting devices with gears are analyzed and presented.


Hsiao K.-H.,Collections and Research Division
Mechanism and Machine Theory | Year: 2017

Some locks namely “open-keyhole puzzle locks” with exposed keyholes can be very tricky to open. This work analyzes the structures of open-keyhole puzzle locks, which were widely used with plentiful types in ancient China. Open-keyhole puzzle locks are reconfigurable mechanisms that have different topological structures in the operation. Based on the study of mechanisms, the structural characteristics and the representation of joints of open-keyhole puzzle locks are proposed. Then, using the concepts of variable chains and the proposed representation of joints, the topological variabilities of open-keyhole puzzle locks during operation are analyzed and presented. There are three main types, including locks with extra obstacle, locks with indirect insertion, and multi-stage locks. Six examples are provided to illustrate the changes in their variable chains during operation. This process provides a logical foundation to analyze and realize the topological structures of open-keyhole puzzle locks. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd


Tseng C.-S.,Collections and Research Division | Chu Y.-M.,National Kaohsiung Normal University
Innovation in Design, Communication and Engineering - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Innovation, Communication and Engineering, ICICE 2014 | Year: 2015

This study uses the “Print Technology Artifact Exhibition” at the Natural Science and Technology Museum with 5 artifact collectors and exhibit developers as subjects using qualitative research and in-depth interviews along with related documents to understand the differing interpretation of perspective by collectors and exhibit developers towards technological artifacts in order to promote mutual understanding and communication. Data will be processed with the principles of thematic analysis using “whole—part—whole” process to view research data and categorize. The study will then construct a two-dimensional structure of interpretation according to relevance. The study has reached the following conclusions: 1. Collectors pay less attention on the facets of the object itself and structure when interpret print technology artifacts. 2. Exhibit developers interpret artifacts lack of the facets of industry history and social culture. 3. The interpretation of technological objects by collectors and exhibit developers intersect on the facets of technological development and function. © 2015 Taylor & Francis Group, London.


Hsiao K.-H.,Collections and Research Division | Yan H.-S.,National Cheng Kung University
Advances in Reconfigurable Mechanisms and Robots I | Year: 2012

Chu State repeating crossbow is a reconfigurable mechanism which was found in the tomb and dated back to the fourth century BC in ancient China. Since crossbows have diversified types and were widely used in ancient China after the Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 BC), Chu State repeating crossbow should have many designs in diiferent eras and regions. The aim of this work is to synthesize mechanism structures of Chu State repeating crossbow. Based on the analyses of crossbows, the structural characteristics and design constraints of this device are concluded. Then, according to the concepts of generalization and specialization subject to the concluded design constraints, seven feasible structures of mechanism that meet the technological standards of the subject's time period are reconstructed. © Springer-Verlag 2012.


Hsiao K.-H.,Collections and Research Division | Yan H.-S.,National Cheng Kung University
History of Mechanism and Machine Science | Year: 2012

This work synthesizes the structure of the Zhuge repeating crossbow, invented around 220 AD and depicted confusedly in ancient Chinese literature. Based on the analysis of the mechanism, the structural characteristics and design constraints of this device with uncertain members and joints are concluded. Then, according to the concepts of generalization and specialization subject to the concluded design constraints, eight feasible structures of mechanism that meet the technological standards of the subject’s time period are systematically reconstructed. © Springer Science + Business Media Dordrecht 2012.


Hsiao K.-H.,Collections and Research Division | Yan H.-S.,National Cheng Kung University
Transactions of the Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering | Year: 2011

This work synthesizes the mechanism structures of the drawloom for pattern-weaving, which was illustrated unclearly in many ancient Chinese literatures. Based on the analysis of mechanism, the structural characteristics and design constraints of the mechanism with uncertain members and joints are concluded. Then, according to the concepts of generalization and specialization subject to the concluded design constraints, all feasible structures of mechanism that meet the technological standards of the subject's time period are reconstructed including 16 and 8 design concepts for the heddle foot-falling device and the heddle foot-raising device, respectively. This reconstruction process provides a logical foundation to deal with the issue of the ancient mechanical drawings with uncertain members and joints.


Hsiao K.-H.,Collections and Research Division
Transactions of the Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering | Year: 2013

The original crossbow was one of the most important weapons in ancient China. Since crossbows have diversified types and were widely used in ancient China after the Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 BC), the original crossbow should have many designs in different eras and regions. The aim of this work is to synthesize mechanism structures of the original crossbow. Based on the analyses of crossbows, the structural characteristics and design constraints of this device are concluded. Then, according to the concepts of generalization and specialization subject to the concluded design constraints, twelve feasible structures of mechanism that meet the technological standards of the subject's time period are reconstructed.

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