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North Decatur, GA, United States

Dang I.,Hines Veterans Administration Hospital | Dang I.,Loyola University | De Vries G.H.,Research 151 | De Vries G.H.,Virginia Commonwealth University
Neurochemical Research | Year: 2011

Malignant peripheral nerve sheath (MPNST) cell lines derived from patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF!) were found to have basal cAMP levels which are two-fold higher than cAMP levels in normal human adult Schwann cells (nHSC). PCR analysis also revealed that normal adult human Schwann cells express mRNA for types Ill, IV, and IX adenylyl cyclase (AC) while NF1 MPNST cells express AC mRNA of types II, V, and VIII in addition to expressing all the isoforms of normal adult human Schwann cells. Further PCR analysis revealed that NF1 MPNST lines express mRNA for EP2 and EP4 prostaglandin receptors whereas nHSC only express mRNA for the EP2 receptor. Exogenous prostaglandins alone or in combination with PDGF BB induced greater increases in cAMP levels and proliferation of NF1 MPNST cells compared to nHSC. We conclude that aberrant cAMP signaling in NF1 MPNST cells contributes to tumor formation in NF1 patients. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011. Source

Cho H.,University of Tennessee Health Science Center | Cho H.,Research 151 | Zook J.,University of Memphis | Banner T.,University of Memphis | And 6 more authors.
Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine | Year: 2014

Self-assembled gold monolayers offer several advantages for the realization of novel modified electrodes for biosensor applications. This is due to their ability to decrease non-specific adsorption and provide for covalent attachment of biomolecules. Surfaces for these applications require the precise control of ligand density, the ability to immobilize ligands, and in situ-modulation of ligand activity. In this study, we focused our studies on the immobilization of antibody on a gold monolayer surface. We self-assembled thioctic acid onto the gold surface as an anchor point for the immobilization of anti-fibrinogen onto the surface. The modifications to the gold surface were characterized by ELISA, ellipsometry, and AFM. Source

Zahner D.,Emory University | Zahner D.,Research 151 | Zhou X.,Emory University | Zhou X.,Research 151 | And 8 more authors.
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy | Year: 2010

Macrolide resistance is a major concern in the treatment of Streptococcus pneumoniae. Inducible macrolide resistance in this pneumococcus is mediated by the efflux pump MefE/Mel. We show here that the human antimicrobial peptide LL-37 induces the mefE promoter and confers resistance to erythromycin and LL-37. Such induction may impact the efficacy of host defenses and of macrolide-based treatment of pneumococcal disease. Copyright © 2010, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved. Source

Stein J.J.,SUNY Upstate Medical University | Stein J.J.,Research 151 | Iwuchukwu C.,SUNY Upstate Medical University | Iwuchukwu C.,Research 151 | And 4 more authors.
Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry | Year: 2013

Angioplasty causes local vascular injury, leading to the release of thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1), which stimulates vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) migration and proliferation, important steps in the development of intimal hyperplasia. Transforming growth factor beta 2 (TGF-β2) and hyaluronic acid synthase (HAS) are two pro-stenotic genes upregulated in VSMCs by TSP-1. We hypothesized that inhibition of TGF-β2 or HAS would inhibit TSP-1-induced VSMC migration, proliferation, and TSP-1 signaling. Our data demonstrate that Inhibition of either TGF-β2 or HAS inhibited TSP-1-induced VSMC migration and proliferation. Activation of ERK 1 was decreased by TGF-β2 inhibition and unaffected by HAS inhibition. TGF-β2 and HAS are not implicated in TSP-1-induced thbs1 expression, while they are each implicated in TSP-1-induced expression of their own gene. In summary, TSP-1-induced VSMC migration and proliferation rely on intact TGF-β2 signaling and HAS function. TSP-1 activation of ERK 1 is dependent on TGF-β2. These data further expand our understanding of the complexity of TSP-1 cellular signaling and the involvement of TGF-β2 and HAS. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York (outside the USA). Source

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