Kolodkina V.,Republican Research and Practical Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology |
Martinov V.,Republican Research and Practical Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology
Iranian Journal of Microbiology | Year: 2014
Background and Objective: Rapid diagnosis of pertussis is important for the timely isolation of the infection source and early prevention measures among the contact persons, especially among non-vaccinated infants for whom pertussis is lifethreatening. Materials and Methods: Targets IS481, IS1001, BP0026 and human GAPDH gene were used to develop a multiplex realtime PCR assay based on the TaqMan technology for detection and identification of Bordetella pertussis and Bordetella parapertussis in clinical samples. A total of 121 human clinical specimens obtained within 2012-2013 were used to evaluate the multiplex real-time PCR assay. Clinical specimens were also tested for culture and conventional PCR. Sensitivity and specificity for culture, conventional PCR, and multiplex real-time PCR were measured in comparison with a clinical standard for B. pertussis infection. Results: The lower limit of detection (LLOD) of the multiplex assay was similar to the LLOD of each target in an individual assay format, which was approximately 1 genomic equivalent per reaction for IS481, IS1001 and 10 genomic equivalents per reaction for BP0026 target. When the B. pertussis assays were compared with a clinical standard for B. pertussis infection, sensitivity was 5, 59 and 89% the specificity was 100, 100 and 100% for culture, conventional PCR, and multiplex real-time PCR, respectively. Conclusions: Developed multiplex real-time PCR offers a fast tool with high sensitivity and specificity for the diagnosis of B. pertussis and B. parapertussis infections which is suitable for implementation in a routine laboratory diagnostics.
Reye A.L.,Institute of Immunology |
Stegniy V.,Republican Research and Practical Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology |
Mishaeva N.P.,Republican Research and Practical Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology |
Velhin S.,Republican Research and Practical Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology |
And 3 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013
Worldwide, ticks are important vectors of human and animal pathogens. Besides Lyme Borreliosis, a variety of other bacterial and protozoal tick-borne infections are of medical interest in Europe. In this study, 553 questing and feeding Ixodes ricinus (n = 327) and Dermacentor reticulatus ticks (n = 226) were analysed by PCR for Borrelia, Rickettsia, Anaplasma, Coxiella, Francisella and Babesia species. Overall, the pathogen prevalence in ticks was 30.6% for I. ricinus and 45.6% for D. reticulatus. The majority of infections were caused by members of the spotted-fever group rickettsiae (24.4%), 9.4% of ticks were positive for Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, with Borrelia afzelii being the most frequently detected species (40.4%). Pathogens with low prevalence rates in ticks were Anaplasma phagocytophilum (2.2%), Coxiella burnetii (0.9%), Francisella tularensis subspecies (0.7%), Bartonella henselae (0.7%), Babesia microti (0.5%) and Babesia venatorum (0.4%). On a regional level, hotspots of pathogens were identified for A. phagocytophilum (12.5-17.2%), F. tularensis ssp. (5.5%) and C. burnetii (9.1%), suggesting established zoonotic cycles of these pathogens at least at these sites. Our survey revealed a high burden of tick-borne pathogens in questing and feeding I. ricinus and D. reticulatus ticks collected in different regions in Belarus, indicating a potential risk for humans and animals. Identified hotspots of infected ticks should be included in future surveillance studies, especially when F. tularensis ssp. and C. burnetii are involved. © 2013 Reye et al.
Grishko V.V.,RAS Institute of Technical Chemistry |
Galaiko N.V.,RAS Institute of Technical Chemistry |
Tolmacheva I.A.,RAS Institute of Technical Chemistry |
Kucherov I.I.,Republican Research and Practical Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology |
And 4 more authors.
European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2014
Triterpene derivatives with an α,β-alkenenitrile moiety in the five-membered ring A have been synthesized by nitrile anion cyclizations of 1-cyano-2,3-secotriterpenoids. Oxime-containing precursors, 2,3- secointermediates and five-membered ring A products of cyclizations were screened for in vitro antiviral activity against enveloped viruses - influenza A virus and human immunodeficiency virus type I (HIV-1). Lupane ketoxime and the 2,3-secolupane C-3 aldoxime which possess antiviral activities against both influenza A virus (EC50 12.9-18.2 μM) and HIV-1 (EC50 0.06 μM) were the most promising compounds. © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Kolodkina V.,Republican Research and Practical Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology |
Denisevich T.,Republican Research and Practical Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology |
Titov L.,Republican Research and Practical Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology
Infection, Genetics and Evolution | Year: 2011
Corynebacterium diphtheriae the causative pathogen of human diphtheria infects the nasopharynx or skin. Although diphtheria has been extensively studied, little is known about the two key aspects of C. diphtheriae invasiveness: colonization and invasion. The role of adhesive properties in establishing the infection of C. diphtheriae strains, independent of toxin production, still needs to be clarified. In this study, we describe a novel gene involved in adherence to epithelial cells. Transformation of C. diphtheriae 225, biotype g. ravis, ribotype St-Petersburg by EZ:TN(KAN-2)Tnp Transposome was undertaken. A C. diphtheriae 225 Tn5 insertion library of 2800 mutants was created. Five hundred and eighty five transformants were qualitatively screened for reduced adherence to HEp-2 cells by an adherence assay. One mutant strain consistently exhibiting 15.2% of the wild-type adherence was isolated. The DNA flanking the transposon was identified by inverse PCR and subsequent sequencing. The disrupted gene was 94% identical to the C. diphtheriae DIP1621 gene that belongs to unclassified genes. In conclusion, the disruption of the C. diphtheriae DIP1621 gene led to decreased adherence to epithelial cells; its exact function remains to be established. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
Andrianov A.M.,National Academy of Sciences of Belarus |
Kornoushenko Y.V.,National Academy of Sciences of Belarus |
Anishchenko I.V.,National Academy of Sciences of Belarus |
Eremin V.F.,Republican Research and Practical Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology |
Tuzikov A.V.,National Academy of Sciences of Belarus
Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics | Year: 2013
The V3 loop on gp120 from human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is a focus of many research groups involved in anti-AIDS drug development because this region of the protein is a principal target for neutralizing antibodies and a major determinant for cell tropism and syncytium formation. In this study, the nucleotide sequences of the env gene region coding the V3 loop were determined by DNA sequencing methods for four novel HIV-1 strains that circulate in the countries of Eastern Europe, such as Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, etc. Based on the empirical data obtained, the 3D structures of the V3 loops associated with these viral modifications were generated by computer modeling and then compared to discover similarities in the spatial arrangement of this functionally important site of gp120. Despite the HIV-1 genetic variety, several regions of the V3 loop that contain residues critical for cell tropism were shown to be structurally invariant, which may explain its exceptional role in a co-receptor usage. These data together with those on the biological activity of the V3 individual residues clearly show that these conserved structural motifs of gp120 represent potential HIV-1 weak points most suitable for therapeutic intervention. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.
Kessler J.R.,Institute of Immunology |
Kremer J.R.,Institute of Immunology |
Shulga S.V.,WHO Regional Reference Laboratory for Measles and Rubella |
Tikhonova N.T.,WHO Regional Reference Laboratory for Measles and Rubella |
And 7 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Microbiology | Year: 2011
With improved measles virus (MV) control, the genetic variability of the MV-nucleoprotein hypervariable region (NP-HVR) decreases. Thus, it becomes increasingly difficult to determine the origin of a virus using only this part of the genome. During outbreaks in Europe and Africa, we found MV strains with identical NP-HVR sequences. However, these strains showed considerable diversity within a larger sequencing window based on concatenated MV phosphoprotein and hemagglutinin genes (P/H pseudogenes). In Belarus, Germany, Russia, and the Democratic Republic of Congo, the P/H pseudogenes provided insights into chains of transmission, whereas identical NP-HVR provided none. In Russia, for instance, the P/H pseudogene identified temporal clusters rather than geographical clusters, demonstrating the circulation and importation of independent variants rather than large local outbreaks lasting for several years, as suggested by NP-HVR. Thus, by extending the sequencing window for molecular epidemiology, a more refined picture of MV circulation was obtained with more clearly defined links between outbreaks and transmission chains. Our results also suggested that in contrast to the P gene, the H gene acquired fixed substitutions that continued to be found in subsequent outbreaks, possibly with consequences for its antigenicity. Thus, a longer sequencing window has true benefits both for the epidemiological surveillance of measles and for the better monitoring of viral evolution. Copyright © 2011, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
Khrustaleva T.A.,National Academy of Sciences of Belarus |
Khrustalev V.V.,Belarusian State Medical University |
Barkovsky E.V.,Belarusian State Medical University |
Kolodkina V.L.,Republican Research and Practical Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology |
Astapov A.A.,Belarusian State Medical University
Molecular Immunology | Year: 2015
The SF23 peptide corresponding to the receptor binding fragment of diphtheria toxin (residues 508-530) has been synthesized. This fragment forming a protruding beta hairpin has been chosen because it is the less mutable B-cell epitope. Affine chromatography and ELISA show that antibodies from the sera of persons infected by toxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae and those immunized by diphtheria toxoid are able to bind the synthetic SF23 peptide. There are antibodies recognizing the SF23 peptide in the serum of horses hyperimmunized with diphtheria toxoid. Analysis of circular dichroism spectra show formation of beta hairpin by the peptide. Taken together, the results showed that the structure of the less mutable epitope of C. diphtheriae toxin was reproduced by the short SF23 peptide. Since antibodies against that epitope should block its interactions with cellular receptor (heparin-binding epidermal growth factor), the SF23 peptide can be considered as a promising candidate for synthetic vaccine development. Fluorescence quenching studies showed the existence of chloride and phosphate binding sites on the SF23 molecule. Phosphate containing adjuvants (aluminum hydroxyphosphate or aluminum hydroxyphosphate sulfate) are recommended to increase the SF23 immunogenic properties. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Yermalovich M.A.,Republican Research and Practical Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology |
Hubschen J.M.,Institute of Immunology |
Semeiko G.V.,Republican Research and Practical Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology |
Samoilovich E.O.,Republican Research and Practical Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology |
Muller C.P.,Institute of Immunology
Journal of Medical Virology | Year: 2012
Human parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection in immunocompetent patients usually has a mild clinical course, but during pregnancy it can cause serious and even fatal complications in the fetus. The most common clinical presentation of B19V infection is erythema infectiosum and in this case laboratory confirmation is required for differentiation from other exanthematous diseases. Measles and rubella negative sera collected in Belarus between 2005 and 2008 from 906 patients with a rash and fever were screened for B19V infection by ELISA. More than 35% of the samples (322/906) were positive for B19V. The proportion ranged from 10.1% in 2008 to 53.2% in 2006 when an outbreak took place in Minsk city. All B19V outbreaks and cluster cases occurred during the winter-spring period, but sporadic cases were recorded basically throughout the year. The majority of the cases (56.5%) occurred among the 2 till 10 year old children, and 27.3% of the cases were observed in adults between 19 and 53 years. All 104 B19V strains sequenced in the NS1/VP1u region belonged to genotype 1 with a maximal genetic distance of 1.75%. The two phylogenetic clusters reflected the geographic origins of the viruses within the country. Forty-two unique nucleotide mutations as compared to sequences downloaded from GenBank were found in the VP1u and NS1 regions; most of these changes were nonsynonymous. This report highlights the importance of B19V infection in patients with a rash and fever in Belarus. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
PubMed | National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Belarusian State Medical University and Republican Research and Practical Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of bioinformatics research and applications | Year: 2015
In this work we described a bacterial open reading frame with two different directions of nucleotide usage biases in its two parts. The level of GC-content in third codon positions (3GC) is equal to 40.17 0.22% during the most of the length of Corynebacterium diphtheriae spaC gene. However, in the 3-end of the same gene (from codon #1600 to codon #1873) 3GC level is equal to 64.61 0.91%. Using original methodology (VVTAK Sliding window and VVTAK VarInvar) we approved that there is an ongoing mutational AT-pressure during the most of the length of spaC gene (up to codon #1599), and there is an ongoing mutational G-pressure in the 3′-end of spaC. Intragenic promoters predicted by three different methods may be the cause of the differences in preferable types of nucleotide mutations in spaC parts because of their autonomous transcription.
PubMed | Republican Research and Practical Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology and Institute of Immunology
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2014
As a result of successful implementation of the measles/rubella elimination program, the etiology of more and more double negative cases remains elusive. The present study determined the role of different viruses as causative agents in measles or rubella suspected cases in Belarus. A total of 856 sera sent to the WHO National Laboratory between 2009 and 2011 were tested for specific IgM antibodies to measles virus (MV), rubella virus (RV) and human parvovirus B19 (B19V). The negatives were further investigated for antibodies to enterovirus (EV) and adenovirus (AdV). Children of up to 3 years were tested for IgM antibodies to human herpesvirus 6 (HHV6). A viral etiology was identified in 451 (52.7%) cases, with 6.1% of the samples being positive for MV; 2.6% for RV; 26.2% for B19V; 9.7% for EV; 4.6% for AdV; and 3.6% for HHV6. Almost all measles and rubella cases occurred during limited outbreaks in 2011 and nearly all patients were at least 15 years old. B19V, EV and AdV infections were prevalent both in children and adults and were found throughout the 3 years. B19V occurred mainly in 3-10 years old children and 20-29 years old adults. EV infection was most common in children up to 6 years of age and AdV was confirmed mainly in 3-6 years old children. HHV6 infection was mostly detected in 6-11 months old infants. Laboratory investigation of measles/rubella suspected cases also for B19V, EV, AdV and HHV6 allows diagnosing more than half of all cases, thus strengthening rash/fever disease surveillance in Belarus.