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News Article | October 31, 2016
Site: www.marketwired.com

CALGARY, AB--(Marketwired - October 31, 2016) - Condor Petroleum Inc. ("Condor" or the "Company") (TSX: CPI) is pleased to announce drilling results of the Poyraz 3 development well in Turkey. Based on wireline log interpretation, the Poyraz 3 well encountered a minimum 135 meters of net gas pay in multiple stacked reservoirs of Miocene (Kirazli and Gazhanedere sandstone formations) and Eocene (Sogucak carbonate formation) age. No gas-water contact was encountered in the basal Gazhanedere reservoirs and the gas-water contact in the Sogucak was confirmed to be at the structural spill-point of the Poyraz Ridge field. Don Streu, Condor's President and CEO, noted that, "Borehole imaging of the Sogucak carbonate in Poyraz 3 confirms the presence of an extensive network of fractures within the pay column which should serve to enhance flow performance. Our drilling results continue to be very encouraging as only 'gas down to' volumes were previously used by the independent reserve auditor to calculate existing Proved reserves. The advanced wireline logging techniques we've used continue to provide higher resolution and improved characterization of the multiple reservoirs within the Poyraz Ridge field." Production casing has been run and cemented on Poyraz 3 and completion and testing equipment will be mobilized once the drilling rig has moved. The next well to be drilled is Poyraz West 5, which is an appraisal well on a different drilling pad and is designed to test the northwestern extension of the Poyraz Ridge field. This region represents up to 30% of the mapped Poyraz Ridge trap closure area but currently has no reserves attributed to it. Condor is a Canadian based oil and gas company with a 100% working interest in four contiguous operating licenses covering 171 square kilometers located in the Gallipoli Peninsula in the Republic of Turkey, a 100% interest in the production rights to the Shoba and Taskuduk oilfields and a 100% interest in the exploration rights to the 3,777 square kilometer Zharkamys West 1 property located in the Pre-Caspian basin in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Condor is listed on the TSX under the symbol "CPI". All statements other than statements of historical fact may be forward-looking statements. Such statements are generally identifiable by the terminology used, such as "seek", "appear", "anticipate", "believe'', "intend", "expect", "plan", "estimate", "continue", "project", "predict", "budget", "outlook", "may", "will", "should", "could", "would" or other similar wording. Forward-looking statements in this news release include, but are not limited to information concerning; wireline log interpretations related to the Poyraz 3 well including determining net pay, the ability to identify and confirm the location of the gas-water contacts; the ability to confirm the presence of fractures and their impact on flow performance; the quality of the wireline resolution and ability to characterize reservoirs within Poyraz Ridge, the ability and timing to increase reserves based on Poyraz 3 drilling results, future well completion, testing and production results; the timing and ability to conduct completion and testing operations; the ability of the Poyraz 3 well to become a future gas producing well; the ability and timing of drilling the Poyraz West 5 well; historical production and testing rates may not be indicative of future production rates, capabilities or ultimate recovery; the timing and ability to develop the gas reserves, construct the required infrastructure and to commence producing and selling gas; the timing and ability to obtain various approvals for the Company's exploration and development activities; the expectations, timing and costs of exploration, appraisal and development activities; and funding future development and exploration activities. Statements relating to reserves are deemed to be forward looking statements, as they involve the implied assessment, based on certain estimates and assumptions, that the reserves described exist in the quantities predicted or estimated. The reserve estimates described herein are estimates only. The actual reserves may be greater or less than those calculated. Estimates with respect to reserves that may be developed and produced in the future are often based upon volumetric calculations, probabilistic methods and analogy to similar types of reserves, rather than upon actual production history. Estimates based on these methods generally are less reliable than those based on actual production history. Subsequent evaluation of the same reserves based upon production history will result in variations, which may be material, in the estimated reserves. "Proved" reserves are those reserves that can be estimated with a high degree of certainty to be recoverable. It is likely that the actual remaining quantities recovered will exceed the estimated Proved reserves. Forward-looking statements involve the use of certain assumptions that may not materialize or that may not be accurate and are subject to known and unknown risks and uncertainties and other factors, which may cause actual results or events to differ materially from those expressed or implied by such information. Condor's operations are also subject to certain other risks and uncertainties inherent with oil and gas operations and additional information on these and other factors that could affect Condor's operations and financial results. These factors are discussed in greater detail under Risk Factors - Risks Relating to the Company in Condor's Annual Information Form, which may be accessed through the SEDAR website (www.sedar.com). The Company believes that the expectations reflected in these forward-looking statements are reasonable, but no assurance can be given that these expectations will prove to be correct and such forward-looking statements should not be unduly relied upon. The Company does not undertake any obligation to update or to revise any of the forward looking information, except as required by applicable law. The TSX does not accept responsibility for the adequacy or accuracy of this news release.


News Article | November 10, 2016
Site: www.marketwired.com

CALGARY, AB--(Marketwired - November 10, 2016) - Condor Petroleum Inc. ("Condor" or the "Company") (TSX: CPI) is pleased to announce the release of its Unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, together with the related Management's Discussion and Analysis. These documents will be made available under Condor's profile on SEDAR at www.sedar.com and on the Condor website at www.condorpetroleum.com. All financial amounts in this news release are presented in Canadian dollars, unless otherwise stated. In Turkey, the Poyraz 5 appraisal well was spud in late August and drilled to 1,879 meters and cased with 7" production casing. Based on wireline log interpretation, the well encountered over 140 meters of net gas pay in multiple stacked reservoirs of Miocene (Kirazli and Gazhanedere sandstone formations) and Eocene (Sogucak carbonate formation) age. No gas-water contact was encountered in the Gazhanedere and the gas-water contact in the Sogucak was confirmed to be located beneath the Company's mapped structural spill-point. There were also three new gas bearing zones encountered in the Gazhanedere that are not present in previous wells. Poyraz 5 results should have a positive impact on the Company's reserves as the 'gas down to' depth for the Gazhanedere is now deeper and the Sogucak is gas-filled to the structural spill point. Poyraz 5 also validates the Company's seismic interpretation, geologic modelling and petrophysical analysis. The Poyraz 3 development well was spud in October and drilled to 1,926 meters and cased with 7" production casing. Based on wireline log interpretation, the well encountered over 135 meters of net gas pay in the same multiple stacked reservoirs. Advanced borehole wireline imaging of the Sogucak carbonate in Poyraz 3 confirms the presence of an extensive network of fractures within the pay column which should serve to enhance flow performance while further adding to the Company's reserves. Equipment is being mobilized to the Poyraz 3 well to begin completion and testing operations. Completion and testing of Poyraz 5 will occur after Poyraz 3. The drilling rig has moved to a different drilling pad and is preparing to spud Poyraz West 5, which is another appraisal well and is designed to test the northern extension of the Poyraz Ridge field. This region represents up to 30% of the trap closure area but currently has no reserves attributed to it. Construction and procurement activities continue on the 15 MMscf/day Poyraz Ridge gas processing facility. Project costs and schedule uncertainties continue to decrease as the major components for the facility and gas sales pipeline have been purchased, contracted or tendered. Two gas compressors were recently installed and delivery of the refrigeration unit and inlet separator is expected in December. Regulatory approvals have been received for the gas sales pipeline routing and tie-in entry point and installation is planned to commence in the first quarter of 2017. Negotiations are underway for a gas sales agreement which is expected to be completed in the fourth quarter of 2016. The project continues to target first gas by mid-2017, providing access to cash flow from a region with strong domestic gas demand and pricing. Production in Kazakhstan resumed at the Shoba oilfield in September and at the Taskuduk oilfield in October after the respective production contracts were signed with the Government of Kazakhstan in the third quarter of 2016. The Company signed the first sales contract since commencing commercial production at the approximate wellhead price of $29 per barrel which, after deducting royalties, provides a netback of $28 per barrel. The combined production from Shoba and Taskuduk averaged over 600 barrels per day over the past 30 days. Planning is underway to drill additional Shoba horizontal wells in the second half of 2017. Condor is a Canadian based oil and gas company with a 100% interest in the exploration rights to the 3,777 square kilometer Zharkamys West 1 Territory located in the Pre-Caspian basin in the Republic of Kazakhstan and a 100% working interest in four contiguous production licenses covering 171 square kilometers located in the Gallipoli Peninsula in the Republic of Turkey. Condor is listed on the TSX under the symbol "CPI". All statements other than statements of historical fact may be forward-looking statements. Such statements are generally identifiable by the terminology used, such as "seek", "appear", "anticipate", "believe'', "intend", "expect", "plan", "estimate", "continue", "project", "predict", "budget", "outlook", "may", "will", "should", "could", "would" or other similar wording. Forward-looking statements in this news release include, but are not limited to, information concerning: information concerning: the timing and ability to mature drill-ready targets; the timing and ability to obtain various approvals for the Company's exploration and development activities; the expectations, timing and costs of exploration, appraisal and development activities including the cost of drilling future wells; historical oil and gas prices may not be indicative of future oil and gas prices; the timing and ability to develop the gas reserves, construct the required infrastructure and deliver first gas; wireline log interpretations including determining net pay, the ability to identify gas-water contacts, validate seismic interpretation / modeling and petrophysical analysis, determining that Poyraz Ridge is filled to the structural spill point and confirming the presence of fractures within the pay column and any impact thereof; the ability and timing to increase reserves based on drilling results, future well completion, testing and production results; the timing and ability to conduct completion and testing operations; the ability of the drilled wells to become future gas producing wells; the timing and ability to obtain future funding on favourable terms including through a credit facility; the timing and ability to access oil and gas pipelines and oil and gas domestic and export sales markets; and production results provided may not be indicative of future production rates, capabilities or ultimate recovery. Forward-looking statements involve the use of certain assumptions that may not materialize or that may not be accurate and are subject to known and unknown risks and uncertainties and other factors, which may cause actual results or events to differ materially from those expressed or implied by such information. Condor's operations are also subject to certain other risks and uncertainties inherent with oil and gas operations and additional information on these and other factors that could affect Condor's operations and financial results. These factors are discussed in greater detail under Risk Factors - Risks Relating to the Company in Condor's Annual Information Form, which may be accessed through the SEDAR website (www.sedar.com). The Company believes that the expectations reflected in these forward-looking statements are reasonable, but no assurance can be given that these expectations will prove to be correct and such forward-looking statements should not be unduly relied upon. The Company does not undertake any obligation to update or to revise any of the forward looking information, except as required by applicable law. The following is a summary of abbreviations used in this news release: The TSX does not accept responsibility for the adequacy or accuracy of this news release.


CALGARY, AB--(Marketwired - December 15, 2016) - Condor Petroleum Inc. ("Condor" or the "Company") (TSX: CPI) is pleased to announce drilling results of the Poyraz West 5 appraisal well in Turkey. Poyraz West 5 successfully evaluated the down-thrown fault block or "footwall" of the Poyraz Ridge field. Importantly, this footwall represents up to 30% of the field's structural area but currently has no attributed reserves. Based on wireline logs, the well encountered 163 meters of net gas pay in multiple stacked reservoirs. Consistent with the recently drilled Poyraz 5 well (140 meters of net gas pay) and the Poyraz 3 well (135 meters of net gas pay), no gas water contact was penetrated in the Gazhanedere reservoirs. In the Sogucak reservoir, gas bearing intervals were present down to the basement rock without encountering a definitive gas water contact and include a newly discovered lower Sogucak interval. Production casing has been run and cemented and the well will be completed and tied-in prior to first gas, which remains on schedule for mid-2017. Don Streu, Condor's President and CEO noted, "The Poyraz West 5 well log results are very impactful as they identify gas pay in the previously untested footwall section with the additional benefit of a new lower Sogucak interval. When combined with the recently drilled Poyraz 5 appraisal well, the gas pools have been significantly extended beyond prior mapped reserves areas. We are very pleased with these positive results which should yield meaningful additional reserves." The drilling rig has moved to the Poyraz West 2 appraisal location which is a step-out testing the southwest extension of the field. This well will also evaluate the deeper Sogucak interval that was just discovered in Poyraz West 5 and is expected to reach total depth in January 2017. Completion and testing operations have commenced at Poyraz 3 with initial flow results expected in January 2017. As previously announced, this well identified the presence of an extensive facture network within the Sogucak carbonate, which should enhance flow performance and reserves. Condor is a Canadian based oil and gas company with a 100% working interest in four contiguous operating licenses covering 171 square kilometers located in the Gallipoli Peninsula in the Republic of Turkey, a 100% interest in the production rights to the Shoba and Taskuduk oilfields and a 100% interest in the exploration rights to the 3,777 square kilometer Zharkamys West 1 property located in the Pre-Caspian basin in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Condor is listed on the TSX under the symbol "CPI". All statements other than statements of historical fact may be forward-looking statements. Such statements are generally identifiable by the terminology used, such as "seek", "appear", "anticipate", "believe", "intend", "expect", "plan", "estimate", "continue", "project", "predict", "budget", "outlook", "may", "will", "should", "could", "would" or other similar wording. Forward-looking statements in this news release include, but are not limited to information concerning; wireline log interpretations including determining net pay, the ability to identify gas bearing intervals, and the ability to identify and confirm the location of the gas-water contacts; the ability to confirm the presence of fractures and their impact on flow performance; the ability and timing to increase reserves based on drilling results, future well completion, testing and production results; the ability to map reserves areas; the ability of the drilled wells to become future gas producing wells; the timing and ability to conduct completion and testing operations; the ability and timing to conduct drilling operations; the timing and ability to develop the gas reserves, construct the required infrastructure and to commence producing and selling gas; historical production and testing rates may not be indicative of future production rates, capabilities or ultimate recovery; the timing and ability to obtain various approvals for the Company's exploration and development activities; the expectations, timing and costs of exploration, appraisal and development activities; and funding future development and exploration activities. Statements relating to reserves are deemed to be forward looking statements, as they involve the implied assessment, based on certain estimates and assumptions, that the reserves described exist in the quantities predicted or estimated. The reserve estimates described herein are estimates only. The actual reserves may be greater or less than those calculated. Estimates with respect to reserves that may be developed and produced in the future are often based upon volumetric calculations, probabilistic methods and analogy to similar types of reserves, rather than upon actual production history. Estimates based on these methods generally are less reliable than those based on actual production history. Subsequent evaluation of the same reserves based upon production history will result in variations, which may be material, in the estimated reserves. "Proved" reserves are those reserves that can be estimated with a high degree of certainty to be recoverable. It is likely that the actual remaining quantities recovered will exceed the estimated Proved reserves. Forward-looking statements involve the use of certain assumptions that may not materialize or that may not be accurate and are subject to known and unknown risks and uncertainties and other factors, which may cause actual results or events to differ materially from those expressed or implied by such information. Condor's operations are also subject to certain other risks and uncertainties inherent with oil and gas operations and additional information on these and other factors that could affect Condor's operations and financial results. These factors are discussed in greater detail under Risk Factors -- Risks Relating to the Company in Condor's Annual Information Form, which may be accessed through the SEDAR website (www.sedar.com). The Company believes that the expectations reflected in these forward-looking statements are reasonable, but no assurance can be given that these expectations will prove to be correct and such forward-looking statements should not be unduly relied upon. The Company does not undertake any obligation to update or to revise any of the forward looking information, except as required by applicable law. The TSX does not accept responsibility for the adequacy or accuracy of this news release.


DALLAS, TX--(Marketwired - November 29, 2016) - Park Place Energy Inc. ( : PKPL) ("Park Place" or the "Company") has received the final regulatory approval to purchase three oil and gas exploration and production companies operating in Turkey owned by Tiway Oil BV ("Tiway"). With all required regulatory approvals now in hand, the Company and the seller are now working on the documentation to close the transaction. Closing is anticipated to occur later this year or in January 2017. As previously announced, in December 2015, the Park Place entered into a Share Purchase Agreement with Tiway to acquire the three subsidiaries of Tiway (the "Tiway Companies"). The Tiway Companies are oil and gas exploration and production companies operating in Turkey. They own interests in three producing oil and gas fields, one offshore and two onshore, as well as a number of exploration licenses and operate one of the onshore fields. The purchase price for the Tiway Companies is US $2.1 million. The effective date of the transaction is January 1, 2016. The transaction was subject to the satisfaction of several closing conditions, including the approval of Turkish gas marketing agency, the Energy Market Regulatory Authority of the Republic of Turkey, and the approval of the Turkish agency that regulates petroleum affairs, the General Directorate of Petroleum Affairs of the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources of the Republic of Turkey, both of which have now been obtained. The Tiway Companies report that current production is about 300 Boe/d (year-to-date average 402 Boe/d) (barrels of oil equivalent per day). Approximately 2/3s of the production is gas (selling now at about $6.50 per mcf) and 1/3 of the production is oil (selling at a slight discount to Brent). The Company is planning operations to enhance gas production levels post-closing. In Bulgaria, the Company is still awaiting clearance to commence its license activities. In April 2014, the Company entered into a license agreement covering a coal bed methane play in Northeast Bulgaria. Prior to commencing work on the license, the Company secured the approval from the Bulgarian environmental agency of its work plans. This decision was appealed to an administrative court. The most recent administrative court proceedings appear favorable and it is anticipated a decision will be forthcoming in early 2017. Park Place Energy Inc. is an energy company engaged in the exploration for oil and natural gas. For further information, please see our website: www.parkplaceenergy.com or email us: contact@parkplaceenergy.com. This release contains forward-looking statements, which are based on current expectations, estimates, and projections about the Company's business and prospects, as well as management's beliefs, and certain assumptions made by management. Words such as "anticipates," "expects," "intends," "plans," "believes," "seeks," "estimates," "may," "should," "will" and variations of these words are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Such statements speak only as of the date hereof and are subject to change. The Company undertakes no obligation to publicly revise or update any forward-looking statements for any reason. These statements include, but are not limited to, statements about the Company's expansion and business strategies and anticipated growth opportunities and the amount of fundraising necessary to achieve it. Such statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to certain risks, uncertainties, and assumptions that are difficult to predict. Accordingly, actual results could differ materially and adversely from those expressed in any forward-looking statements as a result of various factors. These factors include operational and geological risks, the ability of the Company to raise necessary funds for exploration; the fact that the Company does not operate all its properties; changes in law or governmental regulations, including tax and environmental requirements; the outcome of commercial negotiations; changes in technical or operating conditions; and other factors discussed from time to time in the Company's Securities and Exchange Commission filings, including but not limited to the most recently filed Annual Report on Form 10-K and subsequent reports on Forms 10-Q and 8-K.


News Article | August 29, 2016
Site: www.materialstoday.com

Kordsa Global, a Turkish specialist in plastic reinforcement and Sabanci University, located near Istanbul, have combined their forces to open a composite technologies center of excellence. The opening ceremony of Composite Technologies Center of Excellence was held with the participation of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Turkey Binali Yildirim, Dr Faruk Özlü, the Minister of Science, Industry and Technology, Lütfi Elvan, the Minister of Development, Ahmet Arslan, the Minister of Transportation, Maritime Affairs and Communication, Fikri Isik, the Minister of National Defense, Güler Sabanci, the chairman of Sabanci Holding and Founding chairman of the board of trustees of Sabanci University and Professor Nihat Berker, the president of Sabanci University. The center will operate in the field of high-technology composite materials, with Kordsa Global’s production engineers and Sabanci University’s academic members and doctoral students working together to explore R&D and composite production. ‘As Kordsa Global and Sabanci University, we are taking a new initiative, in an area with crucial strategic importance for our country,’ said Sabanci. ‘We are embarking on a new journey to with which our country can make a difference with advanced technology, and even become a global power, a major player in the big league. Today, we are not only investing for tomorrow, but for the next 10-20-30 years of Turkey.’ This story is reprinted from material from Kordsa Global, with editorial changes made by Materials Today. The views expressed in this article do not necessarily represent those of Elsevier.


MELBOURNE, Fla.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Harris Corporation (NYSE:HRS) has been selected to supply a next-generation, VoIP communication system to support the Republic of Turkey’s air traffic management (ATM) services. Harris was chosen following a rigorous review by Devlet Hava Meydanlari Isletmesi (DHMI), Turkey’s air navigation service provider (ANSP). Harris will provide DHMI with its cloud-based Voice Communication System for the 21st Century (VCS21). The system modernizes ATM programs by delivering net-centric voice communications that reduce dependency on traditional point-to-point communications, while supporting an efficient transition to IP-based communications. It will be installed at seven facilities in Turkey, and will include more than 337 controller working positions that can access up to 52 radio sites across DHMI control operations. "The Harris VCS21™ system is now supporting three of the world’s premier ANSPs – Turkey’s DHMI, the U.K. NATS, and the U.S. FAA – that are at the forefront of modernizing ATM worldwide,” said Ed Sayadian, president, Harris Mission Networks. “VCS21 will be a key enabler of ATM modernization and growth worldwide.” The VCS21 system will be part of the Single European Sky ATM Research (SESAR) project, a collaborative initiative to modernize European airspace and air traffic control. DHMI plans to invest in new technologies to enable SESAR and other future concepts. VCS21 is a major step in this program, providing important networked voice capabilities that are more resilient and cost effective. It will enable dynamic rerouting of established flight sectors, provide more reliable contingency planning, and improved asset sharing that facilitates both flexible airspace use and future facility planning. Harris Corporation is a leading technology innovator, solving customers’ toughest mission-critical challenges by providing solutions that connect, inform and protect. Harris supports government and commercial customers in more than 100 countries and has approximately $6 billion in annual revenue. The company is organized into three business segments: Communication Systems, Space and Intelligence Systems and Electronic Systems. Learn more at harris.com. This press release contains forward-looking statements that reflect management's current expectations, assumptions and estimates of future performance and economic conditions. Such statements are made in reliance upon the safe harbor provisions of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. The company cautions investors that any forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results and future trends to differ materially from those matters expressed in or implied by such forward-looking statements. Statements about the value or expected value of orders, contracts or programs are forward-looking and involve risk and uncertainties. Harris disclaims any intention or obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise.


Large strains built up in soils and rocks along a dislocated seismic fault can trigger post-earthquake disasters such as landslides and debris flows, which can cause long-lasting serious problems for rehabilitations and land conservations. Therefore one of what required of us is to deduce as much hidden signs as possible from observable change of landforms for rational rehabilitation strategies. Recent development of remote sensing technologies has enabled us to detect precise landform changes in the Eulerian space. However the description in the Eulerian coordinate system is to be converted to Lagrangian description of displacements to cope with post-earthquake geo-hazards. In this individual study, two examples are highlighted. One is in Uragara Hamlet, Ojiya City, Niigata prefecture in an active folding zone of low-rise mountain terrain, which was affected by the 2004 Mid-Niigata Prefecture Earthquake. An attempt was made to extract Lagrangian components of displacements from available set of elevation data for Uragara Hamlet. The second case study is from the 2011 Fukushima Prefecture Hamadori Earthquake. This normal-fault type earthquake triggered some landslides and rock falls in Iwaki City, Fukushima Prefecture, and there is a concern that they will grow into a serious problem given frequent aftershocks and heavy rains in summer. Much of effort is thus devoted to compile the current exact landforms as the reference for possible future soil/rock mass movements.


Tugrul-Icemer G.,Akdeniz University | Topaloglu A.,Republic of Turkey
Journal of Coastal Research | Year: 2011

The risk of illness has increased due to humans that affect coastal site quality and contaminated areas, such as knee-deep sand, wave zone and dry sand. Most of the risk is caused by pathogen bacteria. In the present study, microbiological indicators (yeast, molds and Pseudomonas spp.) are monitored to assess microbiological beach quality in central Antalya. The beach sands showed great differences in bacterial colonization during June and July. At stations on Konyaalti beach, the highest concentrations of yeast, molds and Pseudomonas spp. were found both in the seawater and sand zones. Children in particular those of the age group 1 to 5 years, are exposed to considerable pathogen risk. Therefore, yeast, molds and Pseudomonas spp. should be analyzed both at the wave zone and in sand, because these zones are areas of recreational activity for bathers and children. It is also important, in terms of public health protection, to include Pseudomonas spp., yeast and molds in the beach sand indicators at swimming and recreational areas, especially in city centers and frequently used beaches. © 2011 Coastal Education & Research Foundation.


Bozbey I.,Istanbul University | Demir B.,Republic of Turkey | Komut M.,Republic of Turkey | Saglik A.,Republic of Turkey | And 2 more authors.
Procedia Engineering | Year: 2016

In this study, effects of soil pulverization level on mechanical properties of a lime stabilized high plasticity clay were investigated. Unconfined compression strength tests were carried on lime stabilized samples which were prepared with two different soil pulverization levels. Fine soil pulverization consisted of 100% finer than No.4 sieve, as typical of laboratory applications. Coarse soil pulverization consisted of 60% of the soil passing No. 4 sieve and all finer than 20 mm, as typical of a high quality field gradation. 4%, 6% and 9% hydrated lime were used by dry weight of the soil for soil stabilization. Unconfined compression tests were carried out after 7, 28 and 56 days of curing. The results revealed that stress-strain behavior differed with soil pulverization levels. Unconfined compression strength and initial modulus values were also significantly affected by soil pulverization levels. Coarse pulverized samples had considerably inferior unconfined compression strength and initial elastic modulus values. This was valid for all curing days. The ratio of values obtained for fine and poor soil pulverization ranged between 1,5 to 2 for unconfined compression strength values and was about 1,5 for initial elastic modulus values. These differences may cause discrepancies between laboratory-estimated and actual field performances of the pavements. It should also be recalled that, in case, field soil gradations are coarser than that of this study, the differences may be larger. Therefore based on the results of this study, it is recommended that laboratory testing for mixture design of lime stabilized soils should be carried out with probable field gradations. © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.


Asicioglu F.,Republic of Turkey
Klinik Psikofarmakoloji Bulteni | Year: 2010

New psycho-active substances have recently begun to be substituted for narcotics as drugs of abuse. The main reason for this situation is that they are not included in the controlled substance list,despite the fact that they cause psychoactive effects, resulting in their purchase and use without fear of penalty. It has been observed, in recent years, that some psychoactive substances have been traded under the street names of 'herbal drugs,' or 'spices' implying that they are harmless and leading to misinformation about their true content. There are some expressions such as 'incense' or 'nonhuman consumption' on their packets and they are sold by 'smart shops,' 'head shops' and/or web sites. The EMCDDA (European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction) is a European Union (EU) decentralised organisation which has been established to provide science-based information, policy making, coordination, and cooperation among the professionals working in the field of illicit drug use and trafficking. The EWS (Early Warning System) as a subunit of the EMCDDA is an effective means of fast and effective communication among the EU countries. A total of 114 new psychoactive substances have been reported through the system since 1997, and the 24 of them were identified in 2009. The EMCDDA has National Focal Points (NFPs) set up in the 27 EU Member States, and in candidate countries such as Turkey and Croatia. The National Focal Point of Turkey is the Turkish Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (TUBIM). If the EMCDDA decides to bring under its control a new psychoactive substance that has social risks identified by scientific evaluation, the decision is declared and must become effective in all member states by a specific deadline. BZP (Benzylpiperazine) and mCPP (meta-chlorophenylpiperazine) were the last two substances to have been placed on the control list by the EMCDDA. Due to 'universal principle of legality' no one shall be held guilty of possession, use or trafficking of a new psychoactive substance that has not yet been listed as a controlled substance under national or international law. Different procedures are used for adding substances to the controlled lists. There are three kind of classifications used by countries. Generally, countries list the chemical names of controlled substances individually in the national legislation. Legal sanctions are applied only if the substance that has been seized is chemically equivalent to a substance on the list. The generic system refers to the inclusion, usually within the list, of the individual substances under control, and of a precise definition of a group of substances. In the context of the current study, this is over and above the isomers, esters, ethers and salts. The analogue system addresses more general aspects of similarity in the chemical structure of a controlled substance; this aspect might be supplemented by a requirement for similarity in pharmacological activity such as stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic effects. Standard procedure is the common way to add a new psychoactive substance to the controlled substances list. This procedure begins with the notification of the Ministry of Health about the new psychoactive substance and continues by scientific evaluation. If the evaluation results in a recommendation for the substance to be banned, a proposal for approval is usually presented to the Council of Ministers or alternatively to the Parliament and/or the Senate. Due to the fact that standard procedure can take a long time, some countries may use rapid or emergency procedures. The basic difference between them is that the rapid procedure is permanent, whereas the emergency procedure is temporary until the standard procedure is completed. If the implementation of the legal procedure for banning a new psychoactive substances is delayed, only drug traffickers benefit. A decrease in the illicit market is expected as a result of listing of a new psychoactive substance in the controlled substance list.

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