Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia Belgrade Serbia

of Serbia, Serbia

Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia Belgrade Serbia

of Serbia, Serbia
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Marjanovic D.,University of Belgrade | Veljovic K.,University of Belgrade | Zaric M.,Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia Belgrade Serbia
Meteorological Applications | Year: 2017

This study examines the simulation of the catastrophic precipitating event that occurred on 14-16 May 2014 over the western Balkans, using two regional models, the Eta model and the Weather Research and Forecasting Non-hydrostatic Mesoscale Model (WRF-NMM). This case was an extreme precipitation event with very large precipitation totals exceeding 200mm in 72h. The Eta model was run in two variants, switched to use the eta co-ordinate with sloping steps and switched to use the sigma co-ordinate. The aim of this study was to analyse the ability of the regional model to forecast heavy precipitation successfully as well as the impact of the vertical co-ordinate on the forecasting of extreme precipitation events based on realistic model simulation. Experiments show the ability of regional models to reproduce extreme accumulations for 2days of heavy precipitation with bias adjusted equitable threat score ranging from 0.3 to 0.5 for precipitation greater than the analysed threshold values (25-55mmday-1), whereby the Eta model exhibits a slight advantage over the WRF-NMM and the run of the Eta model switched to the eta co-ordinate has the smallest frequency bias. For larger observed accumulations exceeding 50mmday-1 all forecasts tend to be more biased. The root mean square precipitation difference varies insignificantly between the three forecasts. The results of the experiment indicate that, in the case of the extreme precipitation considered in this study, scores of the forecasts of the Eta model for 10m wind speed and 2m temperature show a small dependence on the vertical co-ordinate and in favour of the run with the eta co-ordinate. © 2017 Royal Meteorological Society.

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