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Zou L.-B.,Zhejiang University | Shi S.,Zhejiang University | Zhang R.-J.,Zhejiang University | Wang T.-T.,Zhejiang University | And 9 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism | Year: 2013

Context: Aquaporin-1 (AQP1) has been proposed as a mediator of estrogen-induced angiogenesis in human breast cancer and endometrial cancer. Elucidation of the molecular mechanisms governing AQP1-mediated, estrogen-induced angiogenesis may contribute to an improved understanding of tumor development. Objective: Our objective was to identify the estrogen-response element (ERE) in the promoter of the Aqp1 gene and investigate the effects and mechanisms of AQP1 on estrogen-induced tubulogenesis of vascular endothelial cells. Setting: The study was conducted in a university hospital in eastern China. Main Outcome Measures: Immunohistological, real-time PCR and Western blot analyseswere used to determine the expression AQP1 mRNA and protein in vascular endothelial cells. Chromatin immunoprecipitation analyses and luciferase reporter assays identified ERE-like motif in the promoter of the Aqp1 gene. Results: Expression of AQP1 in blood vessels of human breast and endometrial carcinoma tissues were significantly higher than controls. Estradiol (E2) dose-dependently increased the expression levels of AQP1 mRNA and proteininhuman umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Afunctional ERE-like motif was identified in the promoter of the Aqp1 gene. AQP1 colocalized with ezrin, a component of the ezrin/radixin/moesin protein complex, and, ezrin colocalized with filamentous actin in HUVECs. Knockdown of AQP1 or ezrin with specific small interfering RNA significantly attenuated the formation of transcytoplasmic filamentous actin stress fibers induced by E2 and inhibited E2-enhanced cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and tubule formation of HUVECs. Conclusions: Estrogen induces AQP1 expression by activating ERE in the promoter of the Aqp1 gene, resulting in tubulogenesis of vascular endothelial cells. These results provide new insights into the molecular mechanisms underpinning the angiogenic effects of estrogen. Copyright © 2013 by The Endocrine Society.

Lin X.-H.,Zhejiang University | Liu M.-E.,Zhejiang University | Xu H.-Y.,Zhejiang University | Chen X.-J.,Medical Reproductive Center | And 5 more authors.
Fertility and Sterility | Year: 2015

Objective: To examine epithelial Na+ channel (ENaC) expression in endometrium of overweight/obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) during the window of implantation, and to explore the mechanism linking leptin-mediated reduction of γ-ENaC to low endometrial receptivity. Design: Controlled, prospective, clinical, experimental study. Setting: University-based infertility center. Patient(s): Blood and endometrium samples were collected from 12 control women and 12 overweight/obese PCOS patients. Pregnancy outcomes were obtained from 245 women with male-factor infertility (533 cycles) and 57 infertile women with PCOS (120 cycles) who underwent intrauterine insemination. Intervention(s): Human endometrial biopsies. Main Outcome Measure(s): Expression of ENaC mRNA and protein in endometrium. Result(s): The expression of γ-ENaC decreased in the secretory phase endometrium of PCOS patients who showed increased serum leptin levels. In cultured endometrial cells (Ishikawa cells), leptin dose-dependently down-regulated the expression of γ-ENaC and reduced the JAr spheroid attachment rate, which could be blocked by knockdown of STAT3, a signal in the pathway of leptin receptor activation. The overweight/obese PCOS patients with increased serum leptin levels showed a significantly increased biochemical pregnancy rate, suggesting that high leptin might attenuate endometrial receptivity and increase very early pregnancy loss. Conclusion(s): High serum leptin may reduce endometrial receptivity by activating the STAT3 signal pathway and down-regulating γ-ENaC expression in the endometrium. These results provide valuable new insights into the molecular mechanisms linking abnormal ENaC gene expression to early pregnancy loss in overweight/obese PCOS patients. ©2015 by American Society for Reproductive Medicine.

Zeng X.,Medical Reproductive Center | Wang L.,Medical Reproductive Center | Shu X.,Medical Reproductive Center | Xiong Z.,Medical Reproductive Center | Dang X.,Medical Reproductive Center
Zhonghua fu chan ke za zhi | Year: 2014

OBJECTIVE: To study basic thyroid stimulating hormone (bTSH) levels impact on outcomes of in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in Qinghai.METHODS: Totally 282 cases with IVF cycles and 93 cases with ICSI cycles were studied prospectively, according to bTSH level, patients were divided into four groups. Reproduction rate, clinical pregnancy rate, miscarriage rate and live birth rate were studied among four groups.RESULTS: (1) In 375 cases with IVF/ICSI cycles, bTSH was positively correlated with abortion rate (r = 0.42, P = 0.04), but live birth rate and growing rate showed negative correlations with bTSH (r = -0.42, -0.28; P = 0.04, 0.03). bTSH and the number of eggs, the number of fertilized eggs, the number of embryos, biochemical pregnancy rate, and clinical pregnancy rate were no significant correlation (all P > 0.05). (2) Among women at group of ≤ 1.7, >1.7 and ≤ 2.5, >2.5 and ≤ 3.5, >3.5 mU/L, the implantation rates were 28.7%, 27.3%, 37.7% and 19.2%, live birth rates were 80.9%, 75.0%, 82.7%, and 59.8%, abortion rates were 19.0%, 15.0%, 16.7%, 40.1%; they all showed significant difference (all P < 0.05). Abortion rate in women with high bTSH level was higher than that of women with lower bTSH level, however implantation rate, live birth rate in women with high bTSH level were lower.CONCLUSION: When bTSH level is >3.5 mU/L, the abortion rate were increased, but live birth rate, rate of implantation were decreased.

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