Reproduction Unit

Madrid, Spain

Reproduction Unit

Madrid, Spain
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Allegra A.,Reproductive Medicine Unit | Marino A.,Reproductive Medicine Unit | Peregrin P.C.,Reproduction Unit | Lama A.,Reproductive Medicine Unit | And 6 more authors.
Reproductive BioMedicine Online | Year: 2012

The objective of this study was to identify the endometrial gene expression profile in receptive phase, which could represent a useful prognostic tool for selecting IVF patients. Endometrial expression of 47 selected genes biopsied during the window of implantation in natural cycles was compared between patients who achieved a successful pregnancy spontaneously or after subsequent intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles and patients who did not achieve a pregnancy after at least two failed ICSI cycles. The comparative analysis showed significantly different levels of expression in 19 genes, five implicated in apoptosis (CASP8, FADD, CASP10, APAF1, ANXA4), three in immunity (LIF, SPP1, C4BPA), five in transcriptional activity (MSX1, HOXA10, MSX2, HOXA11, GATA2), two in lipid metabolism (LEPR, APOD) and four in oxidative metabolism (AOX1, ALDH1A3, GPX3, NNMT). The evidence for these genes being differently expressed could represent the starting point of identifying the ideal receptive endometrial gene expression profile, which could be used in the future as a prognostic tool for IVF patients. Gene expression analysis technology has opened new important perspectives on the study of the physiological processes of different tissues and organs. Specifically for the endometrium, it would be really interesting to find out an endometrial gene expression profile of receptive phase, which could be used in future as a useful prognostic tool for selecting IVF patients. To achieve this aim, the objective of the present paper was the comparison of endometrial expression in natural cycles of 47 selected genes between the biopsies of patients who achieved a successful pregnancy, either spontaneously or after subsequent ICSI cycles, and those of patients who did not achieve a pregnancy after at least two failed ICSI cycles. The comparative analysis showed a significant different expression in 19 genes: five implicated in programmed cell death, known as apoptosis (CASP8, FADD, CASP10, APAF1, ANXA4), three in immunity (LIF, SPP1, C4BPA), five in transcriptional activity (MSX1, HOXA10, MSX2, HOXA11, GATA2), two in lipid metabolism (LEPR, APOD) and four in oxidative metabolism (AOX1, ALDH1A3, GPX3, NNMT). The evidence of these genes being differently expressed could represent the starting point of identifying the ideal receptive endometrial gene expression profile which could be used in the future as a prognostic tool for IVF patients. © 2012, Reproductive Healthcare Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Objective. To optimise the use of freeze/thaw testicular immotile spermatozoa from nonobstructive azoospermia patients and to analyse the outcome of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) of such spermatozoa. Methods. Testicular specimens were retrieved and cryopreserved from forty patients with nonobstructive azoospermia and underwent one cycle with thawed spermatozoa (Group I) that led to pregnancy in sixteen cases. Twenty-four patients of group I underwent treatment with the same batch of thawed spermatozoa (Group II). For the first ICSI attempt, injection was performed when motile spermatozoa were found. In group II, injection was performed when maximum motility was reached. We compared mean of fertilization rate, embryo quality, clinical pregnancy rate and embryo implantation rate. Results. The mean percentage of motility was significantly higher in the group II than in the group I (18, 6 versus 8, 2). Group I showed a significant decrease in fertilization rates when compared with cryopreserved testicular spermatozoa in group II (54% versus 72%, P < 0.05). No difference was noted between the cleavage rate, embryo quality, clinical pregnancy rates and implantation rates among group II and I. Conclusion. Fecundation rate can be significantly improved after in-vitro culture and sperm selection of frozen-thawed immotile testicular spermatozoa in patients with nonobstructive azoospermia.

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