Renmin University of China
Beijing, China

Renmin University of China; RUC, also known as People's University of China , colloquially Renda , is a major research university in Haidian District, Beijing. Its campus neighbors those of Peking University and Tsinghua University.Renmin University is one of the most prestigious universities in China, with a distinct focus on humanities and social science. Renmin University has produced many influential figures in China's reform and development, and is home to many outstanding scholars in law, economics, journalism and other fields. As measured by admission scores of China's National Higher Education Entrance Examination, Renmin University has consistently ranked among the top three most selective Chinese universities in the liberal arts and social science division.The High School Affiliated to Renmin University of China is one of the most prestigious high schools in Beijing, and a sister school of Phillips Academy in Massachusetts, Phillips Exeter Academy in New Hampshire and Punahou Academy in Honolulu. Wikipedia.

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News Article | May 24, 2017

Presidential Elections in Iran Hamed Behravan Iran Program Director Democracy Council "Many progressive Iranians, and specially the western-oriented youth, want the incumbent President Rouhani to continue working towards a more open society he is promising on the campaign trail. Rouhani is playing into this trend by adapting a much harsher rhetoric against the establishment, and specially the powerful IRGC and judiciary -- a rhetoric so harsh that was criticized openly by the country's supreme leader Ayatollah Khamenei. Despite the usual difficulty in predicting the outcome of Iran's elections, one thing is for sure: The majority of the Iranian people still believe their votes matter, even if it can only raise the price the establishment has to pay if it decides to override the will of the people, and even if that will is only limited to choosing between the lesser of two evils." Based in Washington, D.C., Behravan has been a freelance journalist focusing on Iran for more than a decade. As a journalist, he produced a TV show in Persian focusing on the role of technology in helping users bypass censorship and improve civil society. As Democracy Council's Iran program director, he has designed, executed, and managed complex projects to help the civil society organizations and activists in Iran in areas such as rule of law, human rights, and information freedom. He is fluent in Persian. Website: Expert Contact: Why the White House Needs an Onsite Coach/Psychologist Michael Klein, PsyD Psychologist, Principal MK Insights LLC "The key to staying on track at work is managing internal roadblocks and reacting thoughtfully to external ones. While a few industries understand the benefit to the bottom line in having highly trained, in-house coaches and advisors available, most haven't caught on yet. This is not about providing therapy at work but, rather, applying sound psychological insights and tools to help successful (and often narcissistic or sociopathic) leaders perform at peak capacity based on their own need to do well and manage critical blindspots." Dr. Klein is available to speak about the use of in-house psychiatrists and psychologists as consultants when a deeper understanding of mental health and personality is required. As a psychologist, he can address how personality, emotional intelligence, and motivators impact decision-making, management style, and potential "de-railing" behaviors. He is the author of "Trapped in the Family Business: A practical guide to understanding and managing this hidden dilemma," and is approaching 20 years of experience as a human resources professional, psychologist, and organizational consultant. Book: Website: Expert Contact: Earlier this month, the Trump administration formally told Congress that it intends to renegotiate the North American Free Trade Agreement with Canada and Mexico. Following are experts who are available for interviews on this topic: Alex Lawson Senior Reporter, International Trade Law360 "The big dynamic to watch is how aggressive the Trump administration will be in overhauling the agreement. Trump spent his entire campaign bashing NAFTA as a disaster for the U.S. economy and flirted with completely terminating the agreement as recently as a few weeks ago. But the comments from US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer suggest that a more modest 'modernization' of NAFTA may be in order. The administration will also be fielding a litany of calls from industry groups and other advocates who want to see the NAFTA reshaped in their best interests. Lighthizer's notification to Congress mentioned that he was interested in improving the NAFTA's labor, environmental, digital trade and intellectual property rules, but each of those broad topics contains a multitude of policy options for the administration." Lawson, a senior reporter covering all aspects of international trade, has been reporting on NAFTA for years, including many stories on President Trump's NAFTA policies and proposed changes. He can provide other reporters with unbiased commentary – on business, legal and political implications -- rooted in research and first-party interviews. His stories for Law360 focus on trade disputes, enforcement efforts and regulatory developments. He has covered the negotiations of numerous regional trade agreements, including the passage of the largest bundle of trade legislation in two decades. Recent Law360 stories by Lawson include coverage of the first steps by the Trump White House to investigate the causes of U.S. trade deficits (, news of the $1.2 billion penalty imposed on ZTE Corp. for violating export control rules for Iran and North Korea (, and an analysis of Trump's trade brain trust ( Contact: Eric Sokolsky, Raj Bhala Associate Dean for International and Comparative Law; Rice Distinguished Professor University of Kansas School of Law "NAFTA has become a pillar of the American economy and stands as one of the broadest, deepest free-trade agreements in human history. One way to appreciate its significance is to see it in the light of the long, uneasy history of U.S.-Mexican relations and swings in Mexican economy policy through much of the 20th century. Another, 21st century, way to think about NAFTA is to realize that America, Canada and Mexico already spent eight years rewriting and modernizing it -- it's called the Trans-Pacific Partnership. Unilateral threats of withdrawal or demands for renegotiations risk triggering yet more protectionist moves across the globe." An expert on international trade law, Bhala can discuss free trade agreements, NAFTA, its original form, renegotiation, economic impacts of the deal on the three cooperating nations, relations between the three countries, national security related to trade and related topics. Bhala has worked extensively in all three NAFTA nations and more than 25 countries around the world, including a majority of the Trans-Pacific Partnership nations. He has written dozens of books and journal articles on international trade, including "TPP Objectively: Law, Economics, and National Security of History's Largest, Longest Free Trade Agreement," "Modern GATT Law" and "Understanding Islamic Law (Shari'a)." Contact: Mike Krings, Brandon Stallard Founder and Chief Executive Officer TPS Logistics "The impact of Trump's public criticisms of NAFTA has been negligible. There have been no duty rate increases and no shipping pattern changes. I don't foresee anything happening in the near future that would be detrimental to American trade. However, Trump's newly released 'A Better Way' tax plan -- which proposes a 20 percent border tax -- could have a momentous economic blow to the U.S. Our North American trade relationships feature more large-item manufacturing, so minor adjustments would be a far more feasible form of action." Stallard is a nationally recognized expert in transportation. His company has a strong focus on North American trade, regularly moving freight and goods between the U.S., Mexico and Canada. He brings over 30 years of experience to the table and can apply his expertise across a plethora of different industries, including retail, manufacturing, automotive, oil and gas, health and beauty, and more. His expertise includes transportation, trade regulation, North American cross-border trucking and trade, and international shipping. Website: Contact: Rachel Bonello, Doreen Edelman Shareholder and Co-Leader, Global Business Team Baker Donelson "Leaders of all three NAFTA member countries have now acknowledged the benefits that might be gained by renegotiating the 1994 regional free trade agreement. And, despite criticism of NAFTA as it currently exists, President Trump recently recognized the virtues of regional trade, declaring in a recent meeting with Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau that both countries will 'coordinate closely to protect jobs in our hemisphere and keep wealth on our continent.' Indeed, there is a lot to be gained from renegotiation. While the U.S. economy has certainly benefitted under NAFTA, there are four main areas in which NAFTA may be improved for the benefit of U.S. business and job growth: labor and environmental standards, rules of origin, e-commerce and professional services." Edelman has more than 25 years of experience counseling companies on import and export compliance, foreign investment and global expansion and her work has carried her to all corners of the world. She has helped to establish a natural gas facility in Turkey, protected a client's intellectual property in Japan, and watched out for the interests of a major fast-food chain franchisor in Latin America. She is co-author of a comprehensive analysis of NAFTA and many other trade-related articles. She recently penned an article published by The Hill, "4 Smart Ways to Improve NAFTA" ( Blog: Bio: Contact: Jonathan Breed, Mohan Tatikonda Professor of Operations Management, and Dr. L. Leslie and Mary Louise Waters Faculty Fellow Indiana University Kelley School of Business "Changing NAFTA alone does nothing to address workers' skills and the impact of increasing automation and productivity, but there are other ways to increase high-wage U.S. manufacturing jobs. That includes companies refocusing their product lines to be more innovative, customized and responsive to customer needs. Why don't companies do that now? One is because executives sometimes find it easier to go down the cost minimization path rather than the innovation path. The other reason is that executives who are following the belief of maximizing shareholder returns are not always reinvesting in company R&D and worker skills." Tatikonda is an expert in corporate strategy, international manufacturing and supply chains. He is an international consultant and researcher with field experience in Mexico and across the globe. He formerly consulted for the World Bank and is an international keynote speaker. Bio: Contact: Teresa Mackin, Trevor Collier Associate Professor, Economics University of Dayton "It is unlikely that Donald Trump will be happy with the result of renegotiating NAFTA. One of his complaints on the campaign trail was that NAFTA caused a reduction in auto manufacturing jobs in the United States. Manufacturing jobs in the automotive industry actually increased in the United States immediately following NAFTA. Automation has caused the largest decline in U.S. manufacturing jobs. No renegotiation of NAFTA is going to halt the increase in automation." Collier teaches principles of economics and microeconomics, public finance, economics of the environment and managerial economics. Video: Bio: Contact: Meagan Pant, Dr. Nozar Hashemzadeh Professor of Economics Radford University A summary of Dr. Hashemzadeh's research regarding the impact of NAFTA on jobs in the U.S.: "For the last decade, the U.S. labor market has been characterized by rapid technological change, intensifying competitive pressure from abroad, declining union power, automation, favorable energy prices, downsizing, and rapid expansion in information, financial and investment services. The outlook for job growth depends in large part on the growth of the domestic economy, increased exports, exchange rate fluctuations, tariffs and other potential trade barriers, official protection for intellectual property rights in other countries, and the degree of economic and political stability in U.S. trading partners. Despite genuine differences of opinion among supporters and antagonists of NAFTA, nearly all economic studies of the trade accord have concluded that relaxation of trade barriers will benefit consumers and promote economic growth in North America. Dr. Hashemzadeh joined Radford University's Economics Department in 1983, where he has been teaching and conducting research on macroeconomic issues, employment disparities by race, international trade and the U.S.'s international competitiveness. He has been the advisor to the International Honor Society in Economics since 1990. Expert Contact: Steven Otillar Partner, Akin Gump in Houston President-Elect, Association of International Petroleum Negotiators Otillar is available to discuss the potential impact of a NAFTA renegotiation on oil and gas, and the U.S. relationship with both Mexico and Canada, in light of Mexico's energy reforms and Canada's recent energy infrastructure deals and focus on shale. Otillar focuses his practice on the development, finance, acquisition and divestiture of domestic and international energy projects, with an emphasis on upstream projects in emerging markets. He advises clients on public tenders and auctions and a variety of development agreements in relation to major energy infrastructure projects around the world. He is representing a number of U.S. companies involved in Mexico's deep and shallow water auctions. Bio: Contact: Vasiya Kemp, Richard Walawender Principal Attorney Miller Canfield, Detroit Walawender is co-leader of the firm's Corporate Group, and director of the firm's International Practice and Autonomous Vehicle Practice. His practice specialties include mergers and acquisitions, corporate and commercial law, corporate governance and securities, private equity, venture capital, equity and debt financing, international transactions and joint ventures, project finance, and franchising. As director of the firm's International Practice, he has also been the lead attorney on numerous multinational M&A transactions for U.S., Canadian, European, Asian, Mexican, and other non-U.S. clients. Walawender recently penned two articles on the future of NAFTA in the new administration: "Worries about NAFTA Take Back Seat to Potential 'Border Adjustment Tax'" ( and "Could President Trump Really Pull the U.S. out of NAFTA? Basic FAQs" ( Bio: Contact: Carol L. Lundberg, Eugene Laney Head of International Trade Affairs DHL Express Laney has spoken about NAFTA at length, and can share his insights, specifically on the benefits of modernizing American's free trade agreements. Based out of Washington, D.C., Laney has more than 20 years of experience ensuring corporate compliance with regulatory requirements and tracks international trade and cargo security issues for the global market leader in the express and logistics industry, making him a great expert source. Contact: Sloane Fistel, Jay Erstling Attorney Petterson Thuente IP With the Trump administration announcing it will renegotiate NAFTA, backed by a campaign threat to withdraw, what's at stake for U.S. patent and trademark owners? NAFTA contains significant IP provisions. When Trump pulled the U.S. out of the TPP, he gave up major improvements in international IP protection that had been negotiated for U.S. IP owners. It's far from clear that new bilateral negotiations, which Trump has proposed, would secure as good a deal for US IP owners. Erstling, who served in Geneva with the World Intellectual Property Organization, can speak to IP provisions of NAFTA and TPP. Chapter 17 of NAFTA, which deals with IP: Contact: Joshua Schneck, Giacomo Santangelo Lecturer of Economics Fordham University Examples of Trump and NAFTA stories Santangelo has been interviewed on before include: 1) "Divisive policies will harm Trump's plans to grow economy," Feb. 1, 2017, San Francisco Chronicle (; 2) "Clinton's, Trump's opposition to trade pact dims growth prospects," Sept. 25, 2016, San Francisco Chronicle (; 3) "Trade Talks," April 29, 2015, Arise America (; 4) "Fast Track Fast Trade," April 26, 2015, Arise Review ( Bio: Contact: Rachel Roman, Mark David Witte Associate Professor of Economics and MBA Director College of Charleston Witte is available for interviews on the Trump administration's plan to renegotiate NAFTA, the trade impact of currency manipulation, and Mexican sugar and Mexican trucking issues concerning NAFTA. Contact: Mike Robertson, Maia Linask Economics Professor University of Richmond Robins School of Business Linask's expertise is in international trade, and her research has examined the impact of free trade agreements on foreign direct investment and the factors that influence trade policy. She has studied the effect of trade policy on the Mexican auto market. In addition, she is a member of the International Trade and Finance Association. Bio: Contact: Cynthia Price, Steve H. Hanke Professor of Applied Economics Co-Director, Institute for Applied Economics, Global Health, and the Study of Business Enterprise Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore Hanke is a senior fellow and director of the Troubled Currencies Project at the Cato Institute in Washington, D.C., a senior advisor at the Renmin University of China's International Monetary Research Institute in Beijing, a special counselor to the Center for Financial Stability in New York, a contributing editor atCentral Banking in London, and a contributor at Forbes. Hanke is also a member of the Charter Council of the Society of Economic Measurement and of Euromoney Country Risk's Experts Panel. In the past, Hanke taught economics at the Colorado School of Mines and at the University of California, Berkeley. He served as a member of the Governor's Council of Economic Advisers in Maryland, as a senior economist on President Reagan's Council of Economic Advisers, and as a senior advisor to the Joint Economic Committee of the U.S. Congress. Hanke served as a state counselor to both the Republic of Lithuania and the Republic of Montenegro. He was also an advisor to the presidents of Bulgaria, Venezuela and Indonesia. He played an important role in establishing new currency regimes in Argentina, Estonia, Bulgaria, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Ecuador, Lithuania, and Montenegro. He has also held senior appointments in the governments of many other countries, including Albania, Kazakhstan, the United Arab Emirates, and Yugoslavia. His most recent books are "Zimbabwe: Hyperinflation to Growth" (2008), "A Blueprint for a Safe, Sound Georgian Lari" (2010), "Juntas Monetarias para Paises en Desarollo" (2015), and "Currency Boards for Developing Countries: A Handbook" (2015). Contact: Jill Rosen, Following are links to job listings for staff and freelance writers, editors and producers. You can view these and more job listings on our Job Board: Following are links to other news and resources we think you might find useful. If you have an item you think other reporters would be interested in and would like us to include in a future alert, please drop us a line. PROFNET is an exclusive service of PR Newswire. To view the original version on PR Newswire, visit:

News Article | April 28, 2017

Computers are getting really good at learning things about the world and applying that knowledge to new situations, like being able to identify a cat in a photo. But researchers have recently discovered that there's a hitch: by adding some digital noise to an image, imperceptible to the human eye, it's really easy to trick a machine. Now, researchers have engineered a similar way to fool AI trained to understand human language. One can imagine how this might pose a risk if, for example, machines are one day autonomously vetting legal documents. In a paper posted to the arXiv preprint server this week, a team of computer scientists from the Renmin University of China in Beijing describes their system for fooling a computer trained to understand language. In short, by adding one very specific word to a particular part of a long sentence, or slightly misspelling one word in a phrase, a computer trained to say whether a sentence is about buildings or corporations will completely flip its analysis. But that's a bit abstract, so here's how it works in practice. In one example, the researchers took a long passage containing multiple sentences describing the 1939 film Maisie. On the first pass, the AI was 99.6 percent sure about categorizing the passage as being about film—a correct analysis. But, when the researchers slightly misspelled one word ("film" to "flim"), all of a sudden the computer guessed that the sentence was about companies with 99 percent accuracy. (Why companies came up remains a bit of a mystery.) This is despite the passage containing other, correctly spelled instances of the word "film." Clearly, something is wrong, and it's called an adversarial example. These are, broadly speaking, things that an AI has been trained to recognize but are rendered inscrutable to computers after a few tweaks that humans either can't observe, or can easily ignore. Previous research has shown that a computer can be made to think a stop sign is a yield sign, which would lead to serious problems if this were to happen to a self-driving car. The researchers undertook this study because, they write, research into adversarial examples—like the aforementioned cat picture sprinkled with digital noise—has so far largely ignored ways to trick a machine trained to understand language. But how worried should anybody be about this? Right now, not very. The researchers note that their approach was highly specialized and they did a good bit of reverse-engineering to discover specific ways to trick their AI. Moreover, it took a lot of human work to generate the adversarial examples. Now that they know it's possible, they have to get ahead of attackers who might exploit this vulnerability. Up next: figuring out how to launch a large-scale attack in the wild. Subscribe to Science Solved It , Motherboard's new show about the greatest mysteries that were solved by science.

News Article | May 3, 2017

Nowadays lithium ion batteries play a dominant role in the rechargeable battery market. Sodium ion batteries have recently attracted increasing interest as an alternative to lithium ion batteries due to the high natural abundance of sodium compared to lithium. Super P carbon black (SPCB), produced from partial oxidation of petrochemical precursors exhibiting a large specific surface area and superb electrical conductivity, is the most commonly used conducting additive in the lithium/sodium ion battery electrodes to improve the electronic conductivity. However, very limited knowledge on the structure, electrochemical properties and reaction mechanisms for lithium/sodium ion uptake has been reported till now. In an article coauthored by researchers at Delft University of Technology, Renmin University of China and the National Center for Nanoscience and Technology of China, a comprehensive study on the structure and electrochemical properties of SPCB has been reported. The article titled "The electrochemical performance of super p carbon black in reversible Li/Na ion uptake" has been recently published in the journal Science China Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy. To uncover the structure and morphology of SPCB, these researchers utilized scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Raman spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The SPCB appears as porous, flocculent, cross-linked carbon nanothreads; it is largely amorphous and contains substantial structural disorder, i.e. low graphitization level. The electrochemical performance of SPCB (Figure 1) shows that SPCB exhibits a considerable capacity for both lithium and sodium ion storages, a high cycling stability and excellent rate capability. It is demonstrated that SPCB achieves a higher capacity for lithium ion than sodium ion storage. A reversible capacity (up to 310 mAh g?1) was reported for lithium ion uptake, while 145 mAh g?1 was achieved for sodium ion storage. The authors ascribe it to the different reaction mechanisms between lithiation and sodiation of SPCB. The lithium ions are intercalated in the graphite structure of SPCB forming graphite intercalation compounds (GICs), which is, however, not favorable for sodium ion insertion. This article indicates that, due to the low graphitization level of SPCB, sodium ion uptake in SPCB may follow the "card-house" model in which two stages are present: sodium ion intercalation in the layers between the graphene sheets and sodium plating in the pores between the nano-graphitic domains. The work has also, for the first time, investigated the influence of binder type and content on the electrochemical lithiation and sodiation performance of SPCB. The water-soluble NaCMC binder based electrodes shows a superior cycling stability compared to the electrodes using the mainstream binder in battery research and commercial products, PVDF. "This can be probably attributed to not only the superior adhesive quality and elasticity of NaCMC but the formation of a more compact SEI layer upon the presence of FEC in the electrolyte", they explained, which helps to maintain the structural integrity during cycling and thus to achieve a higher cycling stability. Meanwhile, this article demonstrates that the Coulombic efficiency increases with higher binder content in the electrode; increasing binder amount also leads to the better retained structural integrity during cycling. The lithium ion insertion and extraction in SPCB mainly occurs at a low voltage range showing a sloping voltage Providing the common utilization of SPCB in battery research, the researchers stated, "The electrochemical lithium/sodium ion uptake properties of SPCB reported in this article will provide an essential reference for the research on lithium and sodium ion battery electrodes that utilize significant amounts of SPCB as a conductive additive". This work was financially supported by the Chinese Scholarship Council (CSC), Opening Fund of State Key Laboratory of Nonlinear Mechanics and A green Deal in Energy Materials (ADEM) program funded by Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs and ADEM industrial partners. B. Peng, Y. Xu, X. Wang, X. Shi, and F. M. mulder, The electrochemical performance of super P carbon black in reversible Li/Na ion uptake, Sci. China-Phys. Mech. Astron. 60, 064611 (2017), doi: 10.1007/s11433-017-9022-y

HONG KONG, June 16, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Sky Solar Holdings, Ltd. (NASDAQ:SKYS) (“Sky Solar” or “the Company”), a global developer, owner and operator of solar parks, announced  that Mr. Glen Wei resigned as an independent director of the Company effective as of June 14, 2017. Following the resignation, Mr. Xuelong Pei was appointed as an independent director of the Company effective as of June 15, 2017.  Mr. Pei is also appointed to serve on the audit committee, compensation committee and nominating and corporate governance committee of the Board. Mr. Xuelong Pei has served as the Chief Executive Officer at Ganshang Corporation, General Manager at Jiangxi Electronic Group Corporation Ltd., and the head of legal department at Shanghai Juneyao (Group) Co., Ltd.  Mr. Pei has also served as a director at Shanghai Huarui Bank Co., Ltd.  Mr. Pei received his bachelor degree of law from Renmin University of China and his master degree of law from East China University of Political Science and Law.  Mr. Pei is a panel arbitrator at Shanghai International Arbitration Center and Shanghai Arbitration Center. In addition, following the recommendation of the Management Committee, the Company established an independent committee on June 15, 2017 to investigate the conduct of former Chief Executive Officer Mr. Weili Su involving certain transactions and fund transfers which appear to lack proper board and audit committee authorization.  The independent committee consists solely of independent directors of the Company, namely Messrs. Qiang Zhan and Xuelong Pei, and is chaired by Mr. Qiang Zhan.  The independent committee is authorized to retain outside counsel and advisors to conduct the investigation. Sky Solar is a global independent power producer (“IPP”) that develops, owns, and operates solar parks and generates revenue primarily by selling electricity. Since its inception, Sky Solar has focused on the downstream solar market and has developed projects in Asia, South America, Europe, North America and Africa. The Company's broad geographic reach and established presence across key solar markets are significant differentiators that provide global opportunities and mitigate country-specific risks. Sky Solar aims to establish operations in select geographies with highly attractive solar radiation, regulatory environments, power pricing, land availability, financial access and overall power market trends. As a result of its focus on the downstream photovoltaic segment, Sky Solar is technology agnostic and is able to customize its solar parks based on local environmental and regulatory requirements. As of December 31, 2016, the Company had developed 307 solar parks with an aggregate capacity of 292.3 MW and owned and operated 159.6 MW of solar parks.

News Article | June 23, 2017

“It’s a good idea to start with a narrow range of sectors, even if that wasn’t the original plan,” said Stian Reklev, a Beijing-based co-founder of Carbon Pulse, which provides information on greenhouse gas markets and climate change policy. “It’s still going to be a massive challenge to make it work,” he said. “Anyone who thinks that the Chinese scheme will be effective in making big cuts in emissions from the start is going to be disappointed.” Still, China is by far the world’s leading carbon dioxide emitter — releasing about 10.4 billion metric tons of the gas from factories and other human sources in 2015. And even in its scaled-back form, the fledgling market will cover roughly half of those emissions, Mr. Dudek said. A basic challenge will be persuading thousands of Chinese companies to put their trust and capital in a limited market for carbon dioxide, which most have discharged without weighing the environmental cost. Since 2013, China has run seven pilot carbon-trading programs, including in Beijing, Shanghai and the central province of Hubei. (Fujian Province on the east coast announced an eighth last year.) Some observers said that even with this trial run, China’s lax statistics and enforcement of rules could hobble the national market. But others said the trade itself would amplify pressure for reliable numbers. “You start to create vested interests in local government, in industry associations and in other parts of the private sector for more accurate data,” said Huw Slater, research and projects manager for China Carbon Forum, a group in Beijing that monitors emissions trading. “In China, you can’t really wait until you’ve got perfect data, because it will never happen.” Even now, though, many company managers outside the pilot programs have little idea how the market will work, and could bridle at the paperwork and inspections used to monitor emissions, said Wang Ke, a professor of environmental economics at Renmin University of China in Beijing, who has been advising officials. After the national market officially opens, it will be more a test exercise until around 2020, while officials and companies work out how to allocate permits and regulate the market. Companies are likely to receive generous initial allocations of permits, meaning that they will have to buy or bid for only a fraction of the allowances they need to emit. Market purchases will expand only gradually. Several experts advising the Chinese government said that officials have resisted proposing a carbon tax in the face of public resentment over current tax burdens. Last year, China’s legislature authorized a new environmental tax that will start from 2018, but policy makers resisted including the explicit authority for a carbon tax. “The realities of the political process are that a carbon tax is unlikely in the short term,” Mr. Wang said. “Politically, this is more difficult than launching the carbon market.”

Agency: GTR | Branch: AHRC | Program: | Phase: Research Grant | Award Amount: 4.16M | Year: 2012

Over the last decade, the creative industries have been revolutionised by the Internet and the digital economy. The UK, already punching above its weight in the global cultural market, stands at a pivotal moment where it is well placed to build a cultural, business and regulatory infrastructure in which first movers as significant as Google, Facebook, Amazon or iTunes may emerge and flourish, driving new jobs and industry. However, for some creators and rightsholders the transition from analogue to digital has been as problematic as it has been promising. Cultural heritage institutions are also struggling to capitalise upon new revenue streams that digitisation appears to offer, while maintaining their traditional roles. Policymakers are hampered by a lack of consensus across stakeholders and confused by partisan evidence lacking robust foundations. Research in conjunction with industry is needed to address these problems and provide support for legislators. CREATe will tackle this regulatory and business crisis, helping the UK creative industry and arts sectors survive, grow and become global innovation pioneers, with an ambitious programme of research delivered by an interdisciplinary team (law, business, economics, technology, psychology and cultural analysis) across 7 universities. CREATe aims to act as an honest broker, using open and transparent methods throughout to provide robust evidence for policymakers and legislators which can benefit all stakeholders. CREATe will do this by: - focussing on studying and collaborating with SMEs and individual creators as the incubators of innovation; - identifying good, bad and emergent business models: which business models can survive the transition to the digital?, which cannot?, and which new models can succeed and scale to drive growth and jobs in the creative economy, as well as supporting the public sector in times of recession?; - examining empirically how far copyright in its current form really does incentivise or reward creative work, especially at the SME/micro level, as well as how far innovation may come from open business models and the informal economy; - monitoring copyright reform initiatives in Europe, at WIPO and other international fora to assess how they impact on the UK and on our work; - using technology as a solution not a problem: by creating pioneering platforms and tools to aid creators and users, using open standards and released under open licences; - examining how to increase and derive revenues from the user contribution to the creative economy in an era of social media, mash-up, data mining and prosumers; - assessing the role of online intermediaries such as ISPs, social networks and mobile operators to see if they encourage or discourage the production and distribution of cultural goods, and what role they should play in enforcing copyright. Given the important governing role of these bodies should they be subject to regulation like public bodies, and if so, how?; - consider throughout this work how the public interest and human rights, such as freedom of expression, privacy, and access to knowledge for the socially or physically excluded, may be affected either positively or negatively by new business models and new ways to enforce copyright. To investigate these issues our work will be arranged into seven themes: SMEs and good, bad and emergent business models; Open business models; Regulation and enforcement; Creators and creative practice; Online intermediaries and physical and virtual platforms; User creation, behaviour and norms; and, Human rights and the public interest. Our deliverables across these themes will be drawn together to inform a Research Blueprint for the UK Creative Economy to be launched in October 2016.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: INT-03-2015 | Award Amount: 2.50M | Year: 2016

GLOBUS critically assesses the EUs impact on justice in a global system characterised by uncertainty, risk and ambiguity. GLOBUS defines a new research agenda for the study of the EUs global role. This agenda directs attention to underlying political and structural challenges to global justice that are prior to the distributive problem, as well as to the fact that what is just is contested both by theorists and policy makers. GLOBUS provides in depth knowledge of how the EU proceeds to promote justice within the specific fields of climate change, trade, development, asylum/migration and security while also speaking to the key horizontal issues of gender and human rights within each of these fields. Rather than focusing on a single dimension GLOBUS develops three different conceptions of justice. This nuanced conceptual scheme allows GLOBUS to address the multifaceted challenge of justice, and to specify the EUs real impact. GLOBUS takes heed of the reality of the foreign will through intense engagement with partners outside Europe. This provides a reality check of the limits and potential for the EUs future place in a multi-polar order. The three conceptions of justice as non-dominance, as impartiality and as mutual recognition all have limitations as they prioritise some challenges to global justice over others. These limitations are important in order to empirically discern inhibiting factors for global political justice such as power, unequal competences and the prevailing system of states as well as in order to specify how the EU contributes to justice. In order to develop a feasible model of justice promotion, we return to theory when data is collected and revise and amend the analytical model. We further factor in the viewpoints and experience of practitioners and stakeholders, GLOBUS provides policy-relevant recommendations that take into consideration ideal requirements while at the same time not losing sight of the realities of power.

Liu Z.-W.,Renmin University of China
European Physical Journal C | Year: 2015

In this paper we study the supersymmetric generalization of the new soft theorem which was proposed by Cachazo and Strominger recently. At tree level, we prove the validity of the super soft theorems in both (Formula Presented.) super-Yang-Mills theory and (Formula Presented.) supergravity using super-BCFW recursion relations. We verify these theorems exactly by showing some examples. © 2015, The Author(s).

Zhang J.,Renmin University of China
Journal of Health Economics | Year: 2012

This paper investigates the effect of a major water quality improvement program in rural China on the health of adults and children. Using panel data covering about 4500 households from 1989 to 2006, I estimate the impact of introducing village-level access to water from water plants on various measures of health. The regression results imply that the illness incidence of adults decreased by 11 percent and their weight-for-height increased by 0.835. kg/m, and that children's weight-for-height and height itself both rose by 0.446. kg/m and 0.962. cm respectively, as a result of the program. And these estimates are quite stable across different robustness checks. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

Zhang W.,Renmin University of China | Yi W.,Anhui University of Science and Technology
Nature Communications | Year: 2013

Pairing in an attractively interacting two-component Fermi gas in the absence of time-reversal symmetry or inversion symmetry may give rise to exotic superfluid states. Notable examples range from the Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov state with a finite centre-of-mass momentum in a polarized Fermi gas to the topological superfluid (TSF) state in a two-dimensional (2D) Fermi gas under Rashba spin-orbit coupling and an out-of-plane Zeeman field. Here we show that a TSF state with a single-component nonzero centre-of-mass momentum, called a topological Fulde-Ferrell (tFF) state, can be stabilized in a 2D Fermi gas with Rashba spin-orbit coupling and both in-plane and out-of-plane Zeeman fields. The tFF state features a non-trivial Berry phase, along with unique properties that may be detected using existing experimental techniques. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

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